Cases reported "Thoracic Diseases"

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1/246. spinal cord compression due to costal echinococcus multilocularis.

    We present computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of a costal hydatid cyst (echinococcus multilocularis) causing spinal cord compression. The hydatid disease was proved histologically. MRI was not only very useful for determining the spinal extension of the disease by its multiplanar imaging capability, but also gave important information about the texture of the cyst, thus aiding the preoperative diagnosis. ( info)

2/246. Ectopia hepatica extrathoracica nuda associated with amelia and pulmonary agenesis.

    A neonate with a constellation of unusual congenital deformities associated with pulmonary agenesis is reported. ( info)

3/246. Primary posterior chest wall echinococcosis.

    Hydatid cyst is not mentioned among the chest wall tumours in areas not known to harbour echinococcosis. One of the uncommon sites for echinococcosis even in endemic countries is the chest wall. The striking resemblance between neoplasm and hydatid cysts forms a diagnostic dilemma and makes the correct diagnosis essential before surgery. ( info)

4/246. Calcifying fibrous pseudotumor: an ultrastructural study.

    To clarify the pathogenesis of calcification in calcifying fibrous pseudotumor (CFT), the lesion arising in the chest wall of a 16-month-old boy was ultrastructurally investigated. fibroblasts were surrounded by large amounts of collagen fibrils. The dystrophic and psammomatous calcifications were observed as electron-dense amorphous masses and laminated bodies, respectively, within the cytoplasm of fibroblasts and in the collagenous stroma. The degeneration of cytoplasm seemed to be an initial event of intracytoplasmic calcification. Extracellular calcified substances often abutted to fibroblasts. fibroblasts may play an important role in both intracellular and extracellular calcifications of CFT. ( info)

5/246. A vanishing liver abscess complicated with klebsiella pneumoniae chest wall abscess: a case report.

    Septic metastasis is a unique feature of klebsiella pneumoniae liver abscess in taiwan. The case we report is a vanishing K. pneumoniae liver abscess with septic metastasis of the chest wall. The initial finding of a 36 year-old male with no previous medical history, was a huge hepatic mass presented on the sonography during a physical checkup. hepatitis b, C serology, tumor markers and evidence of metastatic diseases were all negative. A computerized tomography examination was also inconclusive about its nature. Due to the patient's refusal of a liver biopsy, only oral antibiotics were medicated at the outpatient department. Unexpectedly, the follow-up computerized tomography, taken 4 weeks later, demonstrated that the liver mass was nearly absent, while a protruding painful lesion developed over the right chest wall. Under sono-guided aspiration, the chest wall mass was proved to be a pyogenic abscess. The Gram stain revealed gram-negative bacilli and the bacterial culture yielded K. pneumoniae. Under the impression of K. pneumoniae liver abscess with chest wall septic metastasis, after performing percutaneous drainage of the chest wall abscess, the patient was only given parenteral antibiotics for treatment. Both the liver and the chest wall abscesses were at last completely eradicated. ( info)

6/246. drowning and near-drowning--some lessons learnt.

    Over a period of sixteen months, 17 cases of submersion injury (encompassing victims of drowning and near-drowning) were attended to at our Accident and Emergency Department at Changi General Hospital. Most of the victims were inexperienced recreational swimmers, and in 6 of them, early bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation enabled them to recover without severe morbidity. Non-cardiogenic pulmonary oedema with resulting chest infection was the commonest complication in survivors. Most of the episodes occurred in an urban setting in swimming pools without supervision by lifeguards. About two-thirds of the cases were adults over the age of fifteen years. In addition, there were patients in whom submersion injury was associated with more sinister conditions (fits, traumatic cervical spine injury, dysbarism, intoxication from alcohol or drugs), some of which were unsuspected by the doctors initially. Apart from the immediate threats of hypoxia and pulmonary injury, active search for any possible precipitating causes and associated occult injury should be made. In this study, the determinants of survival from near-drowning were early institution of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, presence of pupil reactivity, and presence of a palpable pulse and cardiac sinus rhythm. ( info)

7/246. Polyvisceral echinococcosis with involvement of the heart and chest wall: follow-up and review of literature.

    echinococcosis remains an endemic surgical problem in countries where sheep and cattle raising is carried out, particularly in many Mediterranean countries. The life cycle of echinococcosis is usually marked by the filtration of larvae through the liver and lungs which are the organs most commonly affected by a hydatid cyst. Hydatid cysts in other sites are not common. Cardiac echinococcosis has been reported infrequently even in countries in which hydatid disease is endemic, only isolated sporadic cases have been reported in the literature. Here we report a case of polyvisceral hydatid cyst with involvement of heart and chest wall and reviewed the literature and discussed clinical procedures and management. ( info)

8/246. Expression of CA125 in thoracic endometriosis in a patient with catamenial pneumothorax.

    A 40-year-old woman had experienced monthly right thoracic pain and productive cough occurring at the beginning of her menstrual period. X-ray findings indicated a diagnosis of catamenial pneumothorax. The serum CA125 level was very high at 159.6 U/ml. thoracoscopy showed multiple dark cherry-colored nodules with neovascularization on the diaphragm. Following partial resection of the diaphragm thoracic endometriosis was diagnosed. Immunohistochemical staining of these endometrial cells showed antibodies to CA125. She has been well without recurrence for 15 months, and her serum CA125 level was within the normal range after operation. ( info)

9/246. Management of a patient with hepatic-thoracic-pelvic and omental hydatid cysts and post-operative bilio-cutaneous fistula: a case report.

    In humans, most hydatid cysts occur in the liver and 75% of these are single. Our patient was a 31 year-old male. His magnetic resonance imaging (MR) showed one cyst (15 x 20 cm) in the right lobe and three cysts (5 x 6 cm, 8 x 6 cm, and 5 x 5 cm) in the left lobe of the liver, two cysts (4 x 5 cm and 5 x 5 cm) on the greater omentum, and two cysts (15 x 10 and 10 x 10 cm) in the pelvis. The abdomen was entered first by a bilateral subcostal incision and then by a Phennenstiel incision. Partial cystectomy capitonnage was done on the liver cysts; the cysts on the omentum were excised, and the pelvic cysts were enucleated. The cyst in the right lobe of the liver was in communication with a thoracic cyst. An air leak developed from the thoracic cyst which had underwater drainage and bile drainage from the drain in the cavity of the right lobe cyst. Sphincterotomy was done on the seventh post-operative day by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). No significant effect on mean bile output from the fistula occurred. octreotide therapy was initiated, but due to abdominal pain and gas bloating the patient felt and could not tolerate, it was stopped on the fourth day; besides, it had no decreasing effect on bile output during the 4 days. Because air and bile leak continued and he had bile stained sputum, he was operated on on post-operative day 18. By right thoracotomy, the cavity and the leaking branches were closed. By right subcostal incision, cholecystectomy and T-tube drainage of the choledochus were done. On post-operative day 30, he was sent home with the T-tube and the drain in the cavity. After 3 months post-operatively, a second T-tube cholangiography was done, and a narrowing in the distal right hepatic duct and a minimal narrowing in the distal left hepatic duct were exposed. Balloon dilatation was done by way of a T-tube. bile drainage ceased. There was no collection in the cavity in follow-up CT scanning, so the drain in the cavity, and the drainage catheter in the right hepatic duct were extracted. Evaluation of the biliary ductal system is important in bilio-cutaneous fistulas, and balloon dilatation is very effective in fistulas due to narrowing of the ducts. ( info)

10/246. Right intrathoracic renal ectopia: a case report and review of the literature.

    We report a case of right intrathoracic renal ectopia associated with a previously unreported congenital anomaly (trisomy 21) and review of the literature. ( info)
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