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11/14. A case of Buerger's disease.

    Buerger's disease (thromboangiitis obliterans) is an uncommon vascular occlusive disease most commonly affecting the lower extremities of young male tobacco smokers. We report the case of a thirty-five-year-old man who presented with nonhealing ulcerations of several toes. Arteriography revealed severe bilateral vascular occlusion. The patient failed to respond to intensive topical care, nifedipine, pentoxifylline, hyperbaric oxygen, intravenous antibiotics, and whirlpool. He continued to smoke, and eventually became septic, requiring amputations of his gangrenous left second toe and right leg below the knee.
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ranking = 1
keywords = tobacco
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12/14. hallux amputation in combination with a lumbar sympathectomy for treatment of a non-healing ulceration in a patient with Buerger's disease.

    Buerger's disease is a distal vascular occlusive disease primarily affecting those with a history of tobacco use. Treatment of digital pathology can be quite difficult as a result. This paper discusses a patient who developed an ulceration of the left hallux that did not respond to local wound care and antibiosis. A lumbar sympathectomy was performed in conjunction with a hallux amputation to promote distal vasodilation and enhance the patient's ability to heal.
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ranking = 1
keywords = tobacco
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13/14. Inpatient treatment of severe nicotine dependence in a patient with thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease).

    thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO), or Buerger's disease, is an inflammatory, occlusive, and nonatherosclerotic vascular disease that most commonly affects small and medium-sized arteries and veins. The association between tobacco use and the development of TAO is incontestable; however, a substantial number of patients with TAO continue to use tobacco despite progression of disease and amputation. Herein we describe a patient with advanced TAO whose severe, refractory nicotine dependence was successfully treated in a specialized nicotine-dependence inpatient program. After cessation of smoking, the patient's disease stabilized. Inpatient nicotine-dependence treatment may represent an alternative for recidivist smokers with severe tobacco-related disease.
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ranking = 3
keywords = tobacco
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14/14. thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease) with intestinal involvement--a case report.

    thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO) or Buerger's disease is a nonatherosclerotic vascular disease of unknown etiology that occurs almost exclusively in young male tobacco users. The involvement of the medium-sized and small arteries and veins leads to ischemic complaints and trophic changes in the limbs. The authors report a case of Buerger's disease in a 29-year-old man, a heavy smoker, affecting the lower limbs and mesenteric vessels.
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ranking = 1
keywords = tobacco
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