Cases reported "Thrombosis"

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1/2518. Glomerular thrombosis: an unusual cause of renal failure in systemic lupus erythematosus.

    The authors report an unusual case of acute renal failure occurring in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus and antiphospholipid antibodies. kidney biopsy revealed glomerular thrombosis, in the absence of glomerulonephritis. The authors stress the clinical and biological signs that suggest the thrombotic nature of kidney failure in lupus patients.
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ranking = 1
keywords = thrombosis
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2/2518. Thrombosis related to the use of L-asparaginase in adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a need to consider coagulation monitoring and clotting factor replacement.

    L-asparaginase (L-asp) has become an important component of combination chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). However, L-asp can produce depletions in many of the clotting factors with an associated risk for thrombosis and hemorrhage. Three consecutive patients seen at the Mayo Clinic with L-asp related thrombosis are described and an in-depth review of the literature is provided. Two of the 3 patients developed central nervous system (CNS) complications with evidence of thrombosis and hemorrhagic infarction. Two of the patients also developed extensive upper extremity thrombosis. The results of comprehensive hemostatic surveys showed marked abnormalities in all 3 patients. Many of the thrombotic complications related to L-asp involve the CNS, as illustrated in 2 of our patients. These patients should be treated aggressively since full recovery is possible. The precise cause of thrombosis is yet to be determined but is likely multifactorial. The optimal treatment and prevention of thrombosis in this group of patients remains poorly defined.
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ranking = 1.2
keywords = thrombosis
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3/2518. Increased angiotensin-converting enzyme activity in a patient with severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.

    OBJECTIVE: To assess plasma angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity in a patient with severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Private, university-affiliated infertility practice. PATIENT(S): A 35-year-old woman with OHSS. INTERVENTION(S): clomiphene citrate induction of ovulation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): plasma ACE activity. RESULT(S): The patient had a brain stem infarction as a result of thrombosis caused by severe OHSS. plasma ACE activity was significantly elevated and persisted long after resolution of the OHSS. CONCLUSION(S): Elevated ACE activity appears to have been associated with the development of OHSS in this patient. Further study of the ovarian renin-angiotensin system in the development of OHSS is warranted.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = thrombosis
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4/2518. Familial thrombophilia and the prothrombin 20210A mutation: association with increased thrombin generation and unusual thrombosis.

    The 20210A prothrombin mutation has recently been associated with an increased risk of venous thrombosis, but the mechanism of the increased thrombotic risk in affected persons has not been elucidated. We report on a thrombophilic family in which the proband presented with cerebral vein thrombosis and homozygosity for the 20210A prothrombin mutation as her only identifiable risk factor for venous thrombosis. Extended genotyping of family members revealed seven other affected, but asymptomatic, first-degree relatives (one A/A homozygote and six G/A heterozygotes). plasma levels of prothrombin, prothrombin fragments 1 2 and thrombin-antithrombin complexes were highest in A/A homozygotes, intermediate in G/A heterozygotes and lowest in those with the G/G homozygous normal genotype, while D-dimer levels were elevated only in A/A homozygotes. Our results suggest that the 20210A prothrombin mutation is associated with activation of coagulation and increased thrombin generation, not only in patients with a past history of thrombosis but also in otherwise healthy asymptomatic persons. In a similar fashion to the homozygous factor v Leiden mutation, patients with the homozygous 20210A prothrombin mutation could be at highest risk of thrombosis, as suggested by our patient who presented with unusual thrombosis.
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ranking = 2.0019004497732
keywords = thrombosis, vein thrombosis, venous thrombosis, vein
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5/2518. pseudotumor cerebri: an unusual complication of brachiocephalic vein thrombosis associated with hemodialysis catheters.

    We report a case of pseudotumor cerebri (PC) in a maintenance hemodialysis patient that was associated with thrombosis of the right and left brachiocephalic veins caused by repeated subclavian and jugular vein catheterizations. Symptoms and signs of PC appeared when a right forearm Gortex graft was inserted. PC secondary to intracranial venous outflow obstruction is an important diagnostic consideration for hemodialysis patients with headache, visual disturbance, and papilledema.
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ranking = 1.004533831887
keywords = thrombosis, vein thrombosis, vein
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6/2518. Thrombosis of mitral valve prosthesis presenting as abdominal pain.

    A 67-year-old woman presented with abdominal pain, anemia, and leukocytosis. Five years previously, the patient had undergone mitral valve replacement with a St. Jude bileaflet mechanical prosthesis. After her admission, echocardiography confirmed an immobile leaflet of the prosthetic valve. At urgent surgery, thrombosis and pannus, obstructing the disc, were found, and the mechanical valve was replaced with a bioprosthesis. The incidence of mitral valve thrombosis is low, ranging from 0.1% to 5.7% per patient per year. patients who receive inadequate anticoagulation, particularly with valve prostheses in the mitral position, have an increased risk for thrombus or pannus formation. Presentation varies, from symptoms of congestive heart failure or systemic embolization, to fever or no symptoms. New or worsening symptoms in a patient with a prosthetic heart valve should raise concerns about prosthetic dysfunction. Aggressive investigation and, if indicated, urgent or emergency surgery for treatment can be lifesaving.
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ranking = 0.4
keywords = thrombosis
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7/2518. Subacute stent thrombosis occurring more than one month after implantation for acute myocardial infarction. Description of two cases successfully treated with angioplasty and further stenting.

    Two patients are described with anterior acute myocardial infarction who had a successful recanalization of a totally occluded left anterior descending coronary artery by means of primary angioplasty and stenting. Reinfarction occurred more than 1 month after implantation. At angiography, a totally occluded left anterior descending coronary artery at the site of stenting was observed and was effectively reopened with angioplasty and stenting in both cases. This report aims to emphasize that acute myocardial infarction still represents a major risk factor for subacute stent thrombosis and that this potentially catastrophic event may occur late after implantation. Potential implications for revascularization strategies and medical treatment are discussed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = thrombosis
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8/2518. Anemic infarction of the liver resulting from hepatic and portal vein thrombosis.

    True anemic infarction of the liver is a rare lesion. Most of the reported cases are due to occlusion of the hepatic artery. Whether venous occlusion can result in such anemic infarcts has been disputed although few authentic cases have been reported. A case of polycytheia vera complicated by hepatic and portal vein thrombosis with anemic infarction of a large segment of the liver is presented. The case illustrates that anemic infarcts of the liver can result from venous occlusion. The intense congestion secondary to hepatic vein occlusion may cause secondary arterial hypoperfusion unless the portal vein is available as an outflow tract.
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ranking = 1.0056298867779
keywords = thrombosis, vein thrombosis, vein
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9/2518. Pancreatic graft survival after arterial thrombosis in simultaneous renal-pancreatic transplantation.

    Vascular thrombosis following pancreas transplantation is one of the main causes of early graft loss. Successful thrombectomy after pancreatic graft thrombosis has not been reported yet. A patient with arterial graft thrombosis in whom the graft survived after thrombectomy is described. Different varieties of pancreatic graft thrombosis are discussed.
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ranking = 1.6
keywords = thrombosis
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10/2518. Pacemaker-induced superior vena cava obstruction: bypass using the intact azygous vein.

    Superior vena cava thrombosis due to pacemaker leads is an uncommon but well-recognized complication. Its pathogenesis remains unclear and it is usually a benign condition. Superior vena cava occlusion can be successfully treated by thrombolysis and anticoagulation if the occlusion is recent, balloon venoplasty and stenting, and surgery. We describe a case of superior vena cava obstruction successfully bypassed using the intact native azygous vein, a technique that has not been described before, with excellent long-term results.
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ranking = 0.20037403080831
keywords = thrombosis, vein
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