Cases reported "Thyroid Neoplasms"

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11/481. FDG PET-negative liver metastases of a malignant melanoma and FDG PET-positive hurthle cell tumor of the thyroid.

    A Hurthle cell tumor (oncocytoma) of the thyroid presented as a hypermetabolic focus in a fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET) study which was performed as staging procedure in a patient with malignant melanoma. This finding led to the initial diagnosis of a metastasis. In contrast, multiple liver metastases, seen on MRI and sonography, did not show any increased FDG uptake. Cytology results of one liver mass confirmed a melanoma metastasis, and of the neck mass, a Hurthle cell tumor. The Hurthle cell tumor was, based on clinical evidence, thought to be benign. This is the first description of a FDG PET-positive benign Hurthle cell tumor, with FDG PET-negative liver metastases of a malignant melanoma, in the same patient.
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ranking = 1
keywords = metastasis
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12/481. Lymphoepithelioma-like esophageal carcinoma: report of a case.

    We herein report the rare case of a patient suffering from lymphoepithelioma-like poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus. The patient was a 74-year-old woman in whom an esophageal tumor was found during an operation for thyroid cancer. After performing a subtotal thyroidectomy and cervical esophagectomy, esophageal reconstruction was performed using a free jejunal graft. Based on the results of the pathological examination, the esophageal tumor was diagnosed to be primary lymphoepithelioma-like esophageal cancer, not metastasis of either unknown nasopharyngeal cancer or thyroid cancer. Since surgery, she has survived postoperatively for more than 4 years with no evidence of recurrent disease.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = metastasis
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13/481. Sclerosing Mucoepidermoid carcinoma with eosinophilia of the thyroid glands: a case report with clinical manifestation of recurrent neck mass.

    Sclerosing mucoepidermoid carcinoma with eosinophilia (SMECE) is a recently recognized malignant neoplasm of the thyroid gland. About 14 cases of SMECE have been reported and this is the first reported case in korea. A 57-year-old woman presented with right neck mass for 20 years. Total thyroidectomy was performed under the impression of thyroid carcinoma. The resected thyroid gland showed a poorly circumscribed hard mass. Histologically, the tumor consisted of solid nests of large atypical cells with dense fibrous stroma. The tumor cells showed squamoid appearance with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm. There were also rare mucin-containing cells within the nests. Within the hyalinized stroma, numerous eosinophils were found. The surrounding thyroid parenchyma displayed Hashimoto's thyroiditis. There was metastasis in a regional lymph node. Two years after initial surgery, she underwent a modified radical neck dissection due to recurrent neck mass. After the radiation therapy for eight weeks, laryngectomy and esophagectomy were performed due to a recurrent carcinoma in the esophageal wall. We report an additional case of SMECE, with metastasis to regional lymph nodes and esophagus. The tumor appears to be more aggressive than previously reported and a correct diagnosis can be rendered by just examining the metastatic lesions.
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keywords = metastasis
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14/481. hyperthyroidism due to papillary carcinoma of the thyroid--a case report.

    A rare case of papillary carcinoma of the thyroid producing hyperthyroidism is presented. A young patients presented seven years after a thyroid operation with metastatic disease in the cervical lymph nodes and a history of deteriorating vision in the left eye. He also had a lesion in the base of the skull which could not be established to be metastasis from the thyroid cancer. There was clinical and biochemical evidence of hyperthyroidism. Radionuclide scan revealed uptake in the residual thyroid tissue and patchy uptake by the cervical lymph nodes. The patient underwent a complete thyroidectomy and radical neck dissection of the left side and 'berry-picking' of the lymph nodes on the right side. Although the patient became euthyroid post-operatively, his general condition deteriorated and he rapidly lost vision in both eyes before any ablative therapy could be instituted for the tumour in the base of the skull. The patient was lost to follow-up.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = metastasis
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15/481. Thyroid papillary carcinoma arising in ectopic thyroid tissue within a branchial cleft cyst.

    A case of papillary carcinoma arising in ectopic thyroid tissue within a branchial cleft cyst is described. A 46-year-old woman presented with a 2.0 x 2.0 cm mass in her left lateral neck. The excised mass showed a cystic lesion with a thyroid papillary carcinoma. Following a lateral cervical cystectomy, subsequent thyroid gland and lymph nodes dissections were performed. Pathological examination showed an adenomatous goiter and no primary carcinoma in the thyroid gland, as well as metastatic papillary carcinoma in the lymph nodes. Two cases of thyroid papillary carcinoma arising in ectopic thyroid tissue within a branchial cyst have been reported previously, but no lymph node metastases were recognized. The first case of papillary carcinoma arising in ectopic thyroid tissue within a branchial cleft cyst, and accompanied by lymph node metastasis is presented.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = metastasis
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16/481. Tumor-to-tumor metastasis to follicular variant of papillary carcinoma of thyroid.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe and document tumor-to-tumor metastases in the thyroid gland. methods AND RESULTS: In this series we describe 3 cases of tumor-to-tumor metastasis in which the recipient tumor was a follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma. The donor tumors and sites were small cell carcinoma of the lung, neuroendocrine carcinoma probably of pancreatic origin with initial presentation as liver metastasis, and clear cell carcinoma of the kidney with metastasis to liver and pancreas. The donor tumor cells infiltrated the substance of the follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma, the nontumorous thyroid parenchyma, and the lymphovascular spaces. Small cell carcinoma and neuroendocrine carcinoma showed positive reactivity for neuroendocrine markers and were negative for thyroglobulin and calcitonin. The follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma showed positivity with thyroglobulin and cytokeratin 19. CONCLUSIONS: Although tumor-to-tumor metastases in thyroid gland are exceedingly rare, one should be aware of this phenomenon as the metastatic lesion may simulate a thyroid primary. history of a previous tumor and immunohistochemical stains can be helpful in distinguishing between primary and metastatic thyroid neoplasms.
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ranking = 3.5
keywords = metastasis
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17/481. Cervical metastasis of occult papillary thyroid carcinoma associated with epidermoid carcinoma of the larynx.

    An occult, laterocervical papillary thyroid carcinoma tissue was found in a functional neck dissection for larynx cancer. The patient was a 76-year-old man with a history of smoking and alcohol ingestion who presented with a supraglottic carcinoma of the larynx located at the laryngeal surface of the epiglottis, left aryepiglottic fold, band and left ventricle with extension to the left vocal cord. light microscopy showed a lymph node with a fibrous stroma with lymphoid follicles that presented a total substitution of the parenchyma by a papillary thyroid carcinoma. Although examination of the thyroid gland by seriated sections did not reveal any neoplasm, we argue that the papillary thyroid tissue is metastatic.
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ranking = 2
keywords = metastasis
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18/481. Mediastinal lymph node involvement as the initial manifestation of occult thyroid cancer in the surgical treatment of lung cancer: report of a case.

    A 63-year-old man was referred to our institute for the treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the upper lobe of his right lung. A right upper lobectomy of the lung was performed with a mediastinal lymph node dissection. The postoperative pathological examination of the dissected specimens revealed one of the superior mediastinal lymph nodes to be morbid with micrometastasis of occult thyroid cancer, while no node involvement was seen due to lung cancer. A right lobectomy of the thyroid gland with a modified radical neck dissection was done 4 years later after the confirmation of the absence of any recurrent sign of lung cancer. In the resected specimen, papillary thyroid microcarcinoma was observed with several intraglandular metastases and right regional lymph node involvement. Eight months later, a new primary lung cancer developed in the left lung, and a left upper lobectomy of the lung with a mediastinal lymph node dissection was performed. At that time, the absence of mediastinal lymph node metastasis from lung cancer or thyroid cancer was confirmed. Mediastinal lymph node involvement as the initial manifestation of occult thyroid cancer in surgical treatment for lung cancer is rare, but it is important to be aware of the possibility of incidentally detecting occult thyroid cancer in surgical dissections in this area for lung cancer. The appropriate surgical treatment should be determined while carefully considering the prognosis of the lung cancer as well as that of any coexisting malignancy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = metastasis
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19/481. somatostatin receptor scintigraphy for early detection of regional and distant metastases of medullary carcinoma of the thyroid.

    Three patients are described who had regional and distant metastases of medullary thyroid cancer detected by somatostatin receptor scintigraphy but not by CT; two had minimal disease that was amenable to surgery. The first patient had been followed for 2 years before having a repeated scan and positive CT, with subsequent surgical removal of metastatic paratracheal nodes. The plasma calcitonin level, however, did not approach normal values after surgery, and a third scan showed persistence of focal uptake in the left paratracheal area of the lower neck, whereas CT was negative. At repeated exploration, a tumor mass of medullary carcinoma, embedded in lymphatic tissue, was removed. Nine months after the last surgical procedure, calcitonin and carcinoembryonic antigen levels were normal. The second patient underwent microdissection of the mediastinum and removal of two metastatic nodes that were demonstrable only by the scintigraphic technique. The plasma calcitonin level subsequently became normal. The third patient, with multiple endocrine neoplasia IIB and associated pheochromocytoma, had bony metastatic involvement of the left shoulder, demonstrable initially on somatostatin receptor scintigraphy and subsequently with radioiodinated metaiodobenzylguanidine but not on CT.
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ranking = 0.0011143130287397
keywords = lymphatic
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20/481. Multiple primary cancers of the esophagus and thyroid gland.

    The occurrence of multiple primary cancers in the aerodigestive tract is a well known phenomenon that has been explained by the concept of 'field carcinogenesis'. Metachronous or synchronous esophageal cancer has usually been identified in patients with head and neck cancer, gastric cancer or colon cancer. The incidence of multiple primary cancers of the esophagus and thyroid gland is very low. We treated four patients with synchronous cancers of the cervical esophagus and the thyroid gland. Histologically, all of the esophageal cancers were squamous cell carcinomas. Thyroid cancers were evaluated as papillary carcinoma or follicular carcinoma. Both the esophageal cancer and the thyroid cancer frequently metastasized to lymph nodes. All patients had multiple lymph nodes metastasis from the esophageal or the thyroid cancer. In one patient, both the esophageal and the thyroid cancers were detected in the same lymph node. Three of four patients died from recurrence of esophageal cancer. The prognosis of these patients was poor. In the treatment of esophageal carcinoma, cancers of other organs including the thyroid gland should be carefully investigated.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = metastasis
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