Cases reported "Thyroid Nodule"

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1/148. Parasitic nodule of the thyroid in a patient with Graves' disease.

    We report a case of a parasitic nodule of the thyroid in a patient with Graves' disease, which mimicked a lymph node metastasis from a primary occult thyroid carcinoma. The patient was a 67-year-old Japanese woman with a past history of subtotal thyroidectomy for Graves' disease, who was referred to our hospital because of a right cervical mass. A lymph node-like lesion measuring 1.5 cm in diameter was palpable, distinct from the remnant of the right thyroid lobe. Thyroid scintigraphy using 123I-Na revealed a hot lesion at the upper lateral portion of the right thyroid lobe, and this was resected. Microscopically, the mass showed thyroid follicles with lymphocytic infiltration and lymphoid follicles. Clear ground glass nuclei, nuclear grooving and intranuclear inclusions were not observed. No morphological evidence of the lymph node was found in the mass by reticulin staining. Parasitic nodules of the thyroid in patients with Graves' disease may mimic a metastatic carcinoma of the thyroid. ( info)

2/148. De Quervain's subacute thyroiditis presenting as a painless solitary thyroid nodule.

    We describe a 39-year-old woman presenting with a painless solitary thyroid nodule, initially without signs suggesting thyroiditis. The serum level of thyrotropin was suppressed whereas those of thyroxine and triiodothyronine were normal. Fine needle aspiration cytology showed no signs of inflammation or malignancy. One week later, the patient felt pain and tenderness on her neck, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate and c-reactive protein were markedly elevated. Thyroid scintigraphy showed a suppressed thyroid pertechnetate uptake. At that time, the diagnosis of subacute thyroiditis was made. Upon treatment with steroids the patient's symptoms as well as the thyroid nodule resolved. This case illustrates that subacute thyroiditis de Quervain may present as a solitary, painless nodule with suppressed thyrotropin and should therefore be considered in the differential diagnosis of such lesions. ( info)

3/148. Minimally invasive, totally gasless video-assisted thyroid lobectomy.

    BACKGROUND: neck surgery is one of the newest fields of application of video-assisted surgery. We developed a technique for minimally invasive, totally gasless video-assisted thyroid lobectomy. methods: The procedure was accepted by a patient with a follicular nodule of the left lobe of the thyroid. We performed a left thyroid lobectomy through a single 20-mm horizontal skin incision, just above the sternal notch, after inserting a 5-mm 30 degrees laparoscope, by using both endoscopic and conventional instrumentation. RESULTS: The recurrent laryngeal nerve and the parathyroid glands were easily identified and preserved. The operating time was 2.5 hours. No complication occurred. The postoperative stay was 2 days. The cosmetic result was excellent CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that our technique is feasible and safe. This makes us optimistic about the future of minimally invasive, video-assisted thyroid surgery. ( info)

4/148. Incidental detection of familial medullary thyroid carcinoma by calcitonin screening for nodular thyroid disease.

    serum calcitonin screening has recently been found to be a useful supplement to fine-needle aspiration biopsy, ultrasound and radionuclide imaging in the evaluation of thyroid nodules. We describe a case where introduction of routine calcitonin screening in nodular thyroid disease led to the detection of a family with medullary thyroid carcinoma. The benefits and problems of basal and stimulated serum calcitonin testing and ret-proto-oncogene mutation studies are exemplified and we discuss the appropriate use and interpretation of these tests. We conclude that routine basal serum calcitonin measurement in nodular thyroid disease and thoughtful use of ret-mutation analysis is cost-effective in detecting medullary thyroid carcinoma and multiple endocrine neoplasia type II. ( info)

5/148. Coincidence of hot thyroid nodules and primary hyperparathyroidism.

    hyperthyroidism is frequently associated with hypercalcemia, which usually subsides after successful treatment of hyperthyroidism. Moreover, thyroid nodules are frequently detected by preoperative thyroid ultrasound in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. Sensitised by the observation of a patient with coexisting hyperthyroidism and hyperparathyroidism we prospectively evaluated thyroid nodules in euthyroid patients with hyperparathyroidism by thyroid scintigraphy. Whereas the first patient with hyperparathyroidism was hyperthyroid the subsequent four patients with hyperparathyroidism and thyroid nodules had normal fT3 and fT4. Two patients had hypercalcemia and nephroureterolithiasis. Three patients suffered from hypercalcemia and bone pain due to osteoporosis. In the hyperthyroid patient hypercalcemia persisted after euthyroidism was achieved intact parathyroid hormone was found to be elevated. Subsequently, thyroid nodules, detected by preoperative ultrasound in four euthyroid patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, were identified as compensated hot nodules by thyroid scintigraphy. All patients underwent combined subtotal thyroidectomy and parathyroid resection. histology showed hyperplastic parathyroid glands in one patient and a single parathyroid adenoma in four cases. Postoperatively calcium and PTH levels returned to normal and TSH levels increased in all patients. Persistence of hypercalcemia after successful treatment of hyperthyroidism should be reason for the determination of parathyroid hormone. Thyroid nodules detected by preoperative ultrasound in patients with hyperparathyroidism living in areas of iodine deficiency should be further evaluated by scintigraphy even if TSH is normal. In the case of hot thyroid nodules both parathyroid and partial thyroid resection should be performed. ( info)

6/148. Colonic adenocarcinoma metastatic to the thyroid gland: a case report with immunohistochemical investigation.

    Clinically evident metastases of carcinomas to the thyroid gland are rare, particularly from a colorectal primary tumor. We present a case of colonic adenocarcinoma metastatic to the thyroid gland with histopathologic and immunohistochemical findings. A 68-year-old woman with a history of Dukes' stage B colon carcinoma presented a mass in the thyroid gland. The tumor was confirmed to be metastatic adenocarcinoma from the colon. The immunohistochemical findings demonstrated positive staining for cytokeratin 20, low-molecular-weight cytokeratin, villin and carcinoembryonic antigen, but stains were negative for cytokeratin 7 and thyroglobulin. ( info)

7/148. Spuriously elevated plasma calcitonin in a patient with a thyroid nodule not associated with medullary thyroid carcinoma.

    An increase in plasma calcitonin concentration is widely regarded as a specific and sensitive indication of underlying medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). We present a case in which the association of increased plasma calcitonin concentration and a thyroid nodule was not due to MTC. Subsequent measurement of plasma calcitonin by a variety of methods highlighted the variability that exists in calcitonin measurement and the potential for clinically misleading results. The rationale for investigation and treatment of MTC, including a recommendation to screen all patients with thyroid nodules using plasma calcitonin measurement, is based on the use of specific two-site calcitonin assays which are not universally used in the UK or USA. ( info)

8/148. Papillary thyroid carcinoma with exuberant nodular fasciitis-like stroma in a fine needle aspirate. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) with exuberant nodular fasciitis-like stroma (PTC-ES) is a new morphologic variant of conventional PTC. It is characterized by extensive reactive stromal proliferation, which may occupy 60-80% of the tumor. CASE: A 42-year-old female developed a tender, left-sided thyroid mass. The fine needle aspiration biopsy specimen contained, besides diagnostic epithelial features of PTC, many cohesive tissue fragments of cellular stroma. CONCLUSION: A correct cytopathologic diagnosis of PTC-ES can be established if both epithelial and stromal components are present in needle aspirates. ( info)

9/148. Pediatric hemorrhagic thyroid nodule: a case report.

    Hemorrhagic thyroid nodules are rare in the pediatric age group. They present as rapidly enlarging neck masses. Diagnostic modalities available are laboratory evaluation, ultrasound, radionuclide imaging, and fine needle aspiration. Depending on the pattern of growth of the lesion, one may observe or proceed with surgery. A rapidly enlarging thyroid mass raises the suspicion of malignancy, and hemorrhagic nodules, though rare, must be considered in the differential diagnosis. ( info)

10/148. Follicular carcinoma in a functioning struma ovarii.

    We describe a case of follicular carcinoma in a functioning struma ovarii, which presented as an ovarian mass in a patient who had undergone a near-total thyroidectomy for a benign lesion. She underwent bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and received radiotherapy and L-thyroxine treatment with no evidence of metastases in 4 years follow-up. ( info)
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