Cases reported "Thyroiditis, Suppurative"

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1/22. Recurrent acute suppurative thyroiditis in a child: case report.

    A 23-month-old girl presented with a history of persistent fever and growing left anterior neck mass following an upper respiratory tract infection. Laboratory studies revealed leukocytosis, elevated levels of the erythrocyte sedimentation rate and c-reactive protein, and a mild impairment of thyroid function. Thyroid scan showed a decreased radioactive iodine uptake of the left thyroid gland. culture of the thyroid aspirate grew the mixed flora, viridans streptococci, prevotella spp, and peptostreptococcus magnus. She was discharged after a surgical drainage and a 14-day course of penicillin-G therapy. Unfortunately, she was readmitted for the resembling problems, the fever and progressing left anterior neck mass 3 months later. culture of thyroid aspirate also grew the viridans streptococci. She recovered after a 14-day course of penicillin-G therapy. A left pyriform sinus fistula was found by barium esophagogram. A selective operation was performed 8 weeks later.
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ranking = 1
keywords = fistula
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2/22. Acute suppurative thyroiditis due to foreign body-induced retropharyngeal abscess presented as thyrotoxicosis.

    Acute suppurative thyroiditis is an uncommon condition. Most patients have preexisting oropharyngeal fistulae. Penetrating oropharyngeal injuries resulting from swallowed foreign bodies provide an acquired channel of infection spreading into the relatively resistant thyroid gland. The authors describe a patient with infective thyroiditis complicating retropharyngeal abscess caused by a chicken bone that perforated the upper esophagus. Transient thyrotoxicosis complicating acute suppurative thyroiditis is very rare. Pertechnetate and Ga-67 scans confirmed extensive inflammation of the thyroid gland and the release of hormones as the cause, as distinct from concurrent Graves' disease. awareness of this unusual complication is important to avoid inappropriate treatment for hyperthyroid disease.
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ranking = 1
keywords = fistula
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3/22. Acute tonsillitis complicated by retropharyngeal and thyroid abscess infected with de-repressed beta lactamase citrobacter mutans.

    An unusual presentation of acute tonsillitis complicated by retropharyngeal and thyroid abscess is reported. Spontaneous rupture of retropharyngeal abscess resulted in necrotic fistulae between the pharyngeal wall and the retropharyngeal space.
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ranking = 1
keywords = fistula
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4/22. A study of piriform sinus fistula cases.

    We have experienced five cases of piriform sinus fistula for the last 10 years. It is a relatively rare disease, and partly because of poor understanding of the disease, in one case infection had repeatedly recurred without being adequately treated for over 20 years, and in most cases there was a long time lapse before the diagnosis. In another case, it was difficult to image the fistula with contrast medium and fistulectomy was performed without identifying it on imaging. We have applied various devices to those cases where imaging of fistula was difficult, and achieved complete resection of fistula and have not observed recurrences of infection after resection.
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ranking = 8
keywords = fistula
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5/22. Fourth branchial arch fistula and suppurative thyroiditis: a life-threatening infection.

    A potentially life-threatening case of recurrent left-sided thyroid abscess formation secondary to a fourth branchial arch sinus fistula is presented. The patient developed a reversible left vocal fold palsy during an acute episode of suppurative thyroiditis requiring a temporary tracheostomy due to a compromised airway. Investigations commonly used to demonstrate this anomaly may fail to confirm the diagnosis as in the case presented and exploratory surgery with excision of the fistulous tract should still be considered. We describe a method of repairing the pharyngeal opening to reduce the risk of recurrence or pharyngeal leak.
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ranking = 5
keywords = fistula
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6/22. Acute suppurative thyroiditis as a rare complication of aggressive chemotherapy in children with acute myelogeneous leukemia.

    Acute suppurative thyroiditis (AST) is quite rare, even in immunocompromised patients. The authors describe 2 cases of AST during aggressive chemotherapy for acute myelogeneous leukemia (AML). They were treated with aggressive combination chemotherapy and achieved complete remission. After several courses of chemotherapy, they developed fever and pain in the region of the thyroid gland. Laboratory tests showed hyperthyroidism and elevated levels of thyroglobulin and c-reactive protein. ultrasonography revealed hypoechoic areas in the thyroid gland. A diagnosis of AST was made. bacterial infections were suspected because they were sucessfully treated with antibiotics. After a month, the patients' thyroid function and thyroglobulin levels returned to normal without a period of transient hypothyroidism. A pyriform sinus fistula was not demonstrated. The results suggest that neutropenia and preceding cellulitis around the thyroid gland, which might be subsequent to oral mucosal damage induced by anticancer drugs, may play a role in the development of AST. AST should be considered a potential complication of aggressive chemotheragy for leukemia.
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ranking = 1
keywords = fistula
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7/22. Acute suppurative thyroiditis caused by salmonella typhimurium: a case report and review of the literature.

    A 79-year-old woman with acute suppurative Salmonella thyroiditis is reported. She presented with fever and an enlarged, painful thyroid mass. diagnosis was suspected by clinical symptoms and signs and confirmed by ultrasound, neck magnetic resonance imaging, aspiration cytology, and culture. The culture of fine-needle aspirate yielded salmonella typhimurium. She was treated by parental antibiotics and surgical drainage. The source and route of infection remained unclear under a series of examinations. No piriform sinus fistula was evident on the imaging study. A hematogenous spread seems to be the most possible route.
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ranking = 1
keywords = fistula
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8/22. Endoscopic fibrin sealing of congenital pyriform sinus fistula.

    pyriform sinus fistula is a very rare branchial apparatus malformation, often appearing in the form of a cervical inflammatory process (abscess or suppurative thyroiditis), especially in infants. Failure to diagnose this lesion may result in unexpected recurrence. A case of recurrent suppurative thyroiditis caused by pyriform sinus fistula in a 9-year-old girl is reported. In the latency period of infection, the fistula tract was identified by a barium meal contrast study. Direct endoscopy showed the fistula internal orifice at the apex of the left pyriform fossa. The fistula was completely obliterated by injection of fibrin glue. Suppurative thyroiditis is reported mainly in the pediatric literature, and the reported case is the first to be managed endoscopically by injection of fibrin adhesive.
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ranking = 9
keywords = fistula
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9/22. Acute suppurative thyroiditis with bilateral piriform sinus fistulae.

    Although there are many possible routes of infection in AST, the clinician must be aware of a possible fistula between the piriform sinus and the perithyroidal space--especially in patients with recurrent episodes of AST. diagnosis of this congenital tract requires a high index of suspicion and radiographic demonstration by a barium swallow or endoscopic visualization. Effective treatment of AST with intravenous antibiotics and appropriate surgical intervention have greatly reduced the mortality and secondary complications. Complete fistulectomy, however, is required for permanent cure.
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ranking = 5
keywords = fistula
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10/22. Recurrent acute suppurative thyroiditis.

    Recurrent acute left-sided suppurative thyroiditis was observed and treated in an eight-year-old girl. barium swallow performed after the third episode revealed the presence of a pyriform sinus fistula extending to the upper pole of the left lobe. Despite resection of the fistula, she relapsed for a fourth time. The fistula was again seen on esophagogram. A probe was left inside the tract during subsequent surgery, thus facilitating its complete removal. AST occurs most commonly as a result of the persistence of a connection between the throat and the thyroid gland which is otherwise extremely resistant to infection. AST is usually left-sided and not associated with thyroid dysfunction. Recurrences are common unless the congenital fistula is identified and completely excised.
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ranking = 4
keywords = fistula
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