Cases reported "Thyroiditis, Suppurative"

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1/24. Recurrent acute suppurative thyroiditis in a child: case report.

    A 23-month-old girl presented with a history of persistent fever and growing left anterior neck mass following an upper respiratory tract infection. Laboratory studies revealed leukocytosis, elevated levels of the erythrocyte sedimentation rate and c-reactive protein, and a mild impairment of thyroid function. Thyroid scan showed a decreased radioactive iodine uptake of the left thyroid gland. culture of the thyroid aspirate grew the mixed flora, viridans streptococci, prevotella spp, and peptostreptococcus magnus. She was discharged after a surgical drainage and a 14-day course of penicillin-G therapy. Unfortunately, she was readmitted for the resembling problems, the fever and progressing left anterior neck mass 3 months later. culture of thyroid aspirate also grew the viridans streptococci. She recovered after a 14-day course of penicillin-G therapy. A left pyriform sinus fistula was found by barium esophagogram. A selective operation was performed 8 weeks later.
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2/24. Typhoid thyroiditis.

    Acute suppurative thyroiditis in a 62 year old lady with enteric fever is reported. Plain radiography of the neck showed a distinct localised abscess cavity with air fluid level. A rare causative agent Salmonella typhi was isolated. Needle aspiration and antibiotics resulted in complete recovery.
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3/24. Diabetes and infarcted papillary thyroid cancer.

    A young black Jordanian lady who has type one diabetes, chronic diabetic complication and ischemic heart disease, presented with a picture of diabetic keto-acidosis, precipitated by an acute neck swelling. This was suggestive of acute suppurative thyroiditis with abscess formation causing compressive symptoms. This unfortunate patient had an eventful course despite aggressive treatment by antibiotics and surgery and then succumbed of an acute cardiac event. The operative tissue biopsy revealed an abscess in an infarcted papillary thyroid cancer. We believe this is a rare presentation of such an association with a fatal outcome.
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4/24. Acute suppurative thyroiditis caused by salmonella typhimurium: a case report and review of the literature.

    A 79-year-old woman with acute suppurative Salmonella thyroiditis is reported. She presented with fever and an enlarged, painful thyroid mass. diagnosis was suspected by clinical symptoms and signs and confirmed by ultrasound, neck magnetic resonance imaging, aspiration cytology, and culture. The culture of fine-needle aspirate yielded salmonella typhimurium. She was treated by parental antibiotics and surgical drainage. The source and route of infection remained unclear under a series of examinations. No piriform sinus fistula was evident on the imaging study. A hematogenous spread seems to be the most possible route.
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5/24. Suppurative thyroiditis with gas formation.

    Acute suppurative thyroiditis with gas formation is very rare. A 70-year-old woman was admitted with dysphagia and fever. The clinical diagnosis of acute thyroiditis was supported by fine needle aspiration biopsy. X-ray examination showed gas collection within the soft tissue of the anterior neck and ultrasonography of the thyroid gland showed a cavity filled with thick liquid. The patient was treated with antibiotic therapy followed by thyroidectomy.
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6/24. Suppurative thyroiditis with oesophageal carcinoma.

    A 68 year old, previously well woman presented with dysphagia, weight loss and a neck swelling. Investigations revealed a right-sided thyroid abscess with fistulous connection to the upper of two oesophageal carcinomas, a previously unreported association. The resistance of the thyroid to infection and the mechanisms of thyroid abscess formation in this patient are discussed.
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7/24. Miliary tuberculosis presenting with thyrotoxicosis.

    A male patient is described who presented with thyrotoxicosis, and a large painful neck mass. From the excised mass and stomach aspiration mycobacterium tuberculosis was cultured and a diagnosis of miliary tuberculosis was made. The thyrotoxicosis was attributed to tuberculous thyroiditis.
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8/24. Infective thyroiditis in two cases of systemic lupus erythematosus.

    We report on two patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, both of whom developed suppurative thyroiditis. One suffered from staphylococcus aureus-induced thyroiditis and the other had tuberculous thyroiditis. The occurrence of tuberculous thyroiditis in systemic lupus erythematosus has not previously been reported. The diagnoses were made by fine-needle aspiration biopsy and subsequent bacteriological confirmation. Transient alteration of thyroid function was observed in both patients. In patients with systemic lupus erythematosus who present with fever and anterior neck pain, infection of the thyroid gland should be considered, and appropriate investigations undertaken.
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9/24. Actinomycotic suppurative thyroiditis in a child.

    AIM: To present a rare case of actinomycotic suppurative thyroiditis in an infant with provision of the etiology, pathogenesis, clinical findings and treatment of this rare disease. DESIGN: A report of an 18-month-old female infant who presented with fever, erythema, induration and tenderness of the neck. The patient had the diagnosis of acute suppurative thyroiditis after a series of laboratory evaluation. RESULT: She was treated successfully with surgical debridement and intravenous penicillin g. CONCLUSION: Although rare, actinomyces spp. should be considered in the etiology of acute suppurative thyroiditis. Because of its fastidious nature the probability of positive culture is low, thus, the microbiology laboratory should be called in advance to make preparations before culture and transport.
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10/24. Congenital pyriform sinus fistula: a cause of acute left-sided suppurative thyroiditis and neck abscess in children.

    Acute bacterial thyroiditis or neck abscesses in children can be caused by infection through pyriform sinus fistulae which usually originate from the tip of the left pyriform sinus. They are thought to be remnants of either the third or fourth pharyngeal pouches. CT, ultrasound and gastrointestinal contrast studies are all useful in clarifying the pathological process and showing the extent.
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