Cases reported "Tinea Capitis"

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1/108. Multiple skull base meningioma: case report.

    BACKGROUND: The incidence of multiple skull base meningiomas varies from 1 to 3% in different series. skull base meningiomas are rare. The pathogenetic role of low-dose radiation seems to be fairly well established in the oncogenesis of meningiomas. Calvarial location and multiplicity seem to be among the distinctive features of radiation-induced meningiomas. skull base location is a very rare occurrence, mainly because the path of irradiation does not significantly involve this region. CASE REPORT: We describe a rare case of simultaneous occurrence of two skull base meningiomas in a 66-year-old female. This patient underwent low-dose irradiation for tinea capitis when she was 8 years old. The patient complained of nuchal pain, paresthesias in both hands, and progressive weakness on her right side. She was admitted to the hospital in September 1994. An MRI showed two masses, one located at the level of the tuberculum sellae and the other at the foramen magnum. These seemed very likely to be multiple meningiomas. The latter lesion, which was more symptomatic and dangerous, was operated on first. Six months later, elective treatment of the suprasellar meningioma was performed with success. CONCLUSION: The actual role of previous head irradiation in the oncogenesis of the present meningiomas remains somewhat unclear. Proper management and judicious use of skull base surgery techniques were key factors in the successful treatment of the patient. ( info)

2/108. tinea capitis in two black african adults with hiv infection.

    tinea capitis is rare in adults, although a few cases have been described in hiv-infected patients. We present two cases in black African adults who were hiv positive. In one, the condition led to the diagnosis of hiv infection. It is possible that the rarity of tinea capitis in hiv-positive adults could be related to increased colonization of their scalp by Pityrosporum (malassezia) spp. In patients well controlled with an antiviral therapy, the treatment of tinea capitis seems no more difficult than in non-immunosuppressed patients. There is possibly a relation between clinical presentation and degree of immunodeficiency. ( info)

3/108. itraconazole oral solution for the treatment of tinea capitis using the pulse regimen.

    A 7-year-old boy with trichophyton tonsurans tinea capitis was cured following the administration of itraconazole oral solution. He had difficulty swallowing tablets or capsules, so the availability of the oral solution was particularly advantageous. The itraconazole was given once daily in a fasting state at a dosage of 3 mg/kg/day as a pulse lasting 1 week. The first two pulses were separated by 2 weeks and the second and third pulse by 3 weeks. The decision whether or not to administer the third pulse was guided by the presence of clinical symptoms and signs of tinea capitis just prior to the scheduled administration. The availability of the oral solution will enable more young children to be considered for treatment of tinea capitis with itraconazole than was possible when only tablets or capsules were available. ( info)

4/108. Case report. Kerion Celsi effectively treated with terbinafine. Characteristics of kerion Celsi in the elderly in japan.

    A 75-year-old non-working male living in Sagamihara, Kanagawa Prefecture, had erythematous plaques with scales associated with follicular pustules in the head area extending from the occipital to right temporal regions about 1 month prior to his initial visit, when hair loss increased. The diagnosis was kerion Celsi. trichophyton rubrum was isolated from scales and tissues taken from lesions in the head. Histopathological examinations showed irregular epidermal thickening with dense cell infiltration from the dermis to subcutaneous adipose tissues. Granulomatous reactions involving neutrophils, histiocytes and giant cells were seen mainly in the hair follicles. periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) and Grocott-positive microbial elements were detected in the horny layer, and inside and outside the hair follicles. Pustules disappeared 1 week after starting the oral treatment with terbinafine (125 mg day-1). A cure was achieved 2 weeks after starting the treatment, with only slight scales remaining. No recurrence has been observed to date. Terbinafine was thought to be very effective and safe for kerion Celsi. We reviewed 27 cases of kerion Celsi reported in patients, aged at least 70 years, in japan and found that the major characteristics of this disease in japan include the following: (1) female cases outnumber male cases; (2) the causative organism was T. rubrum in 14 of 27 patients (51.9%); and (3) topical application of steroids often induces this disease in patients with superficial tinea capitis. ( info)

5/108. case reports. pityriasis amiantacea as manifestation of tinea capitis due to microsporum canis.

    We report three patients, two infants and an adult, in whom their tinea capitis clinically appeared as pityriasis amiantacea. The mycological studies showed infection due to microsporum canis in all cases. Correct diagnosis as well as adequate antimycotic chemotherapy of this atypical manifestation of tinea capitis remain a challenge to the clinician. Epidemiological aspects must be regarded also. ( info)

6/108. trichophyton rubrum tinea capitis in an 85-year-old woman.

    BACKGROUND: tinea capitis is a worldwide problem and occurs most commonly in young children. Certain common fungal types are most often recognized as the responsible infecting organism. OBJECTIVE: This article presents the case of an elderly woman with tinea capitis caused by a fungal organism that rarely infects hair. A review of the world literature provides evidence of only a few other similar cases. CONCLUSIONS: trichophyton rubrum causing tinea capitis in adults is a rare but now increasingly recognized entity. This possibility should be kept in mind when caring for adults with nonhealing scalp conditions. ( info)

7/108. trichophyton tonsurans tinea capitis and tinea corporis: treatment and follow-up of four affected family members.

    We report a Caucasian family of two veterinary practitioners and their two children, ages 2 years and 6 months, simultaneously infected with the dermatophyte trichophyton tonsurans, causing tinea capitis and tinea corporis in the children and tinea corporis in the parents. The parents and older child were successfully treated with oral terbinafine. The infant clinically responded to treatment with topical terbinafine and ketoconazole shampoo but presented with recurrent tinea capitis 12 months later, from which T. tonsurans was cultured. At this time, scalpbrush samples from the other family members failed to culture any fungi, and neither were fungi isolated from the family hairbrushes. The infant then received oral terbinafine, resulting in clinical and mycologic cure. After a further 12 months follow-up, there has been no mycologic evidence of recurrence in any family member. ( info)

8/108. A case of black dot ringworm with a review of Japanese cases.

    Black dot ringworm (BDR), caused by trichophyton violaceum var. glabrum (T. glabrum), was observed in a 28-year-old Japanese female who had been treated with prednisolone (22.5 mg/day) for systemic lupus erythematosus. It was successfully treated with oral terbinafine (125 mg/day) for 12 weeks. The causative fungus was identified by molecular analysis as well as morphological and biochemical examination. The chitin synthase 1 (CHS1) gene cleavage pattern of the clinical isolate with restricted enzyme HinfI was identical to that of T. violaceum. We reviewed previous reports of BDR to determine the historical trend of this infection in japan. Since 1974, 93 Japanese cases have been reported. The age distribution was bi-modal: the higher peak consisted of children (aged 0-15 years), and the lower peak was composed of the elderly (aged 60-75 years). In the elderly group, females were predominant (M:F=1:22, p<0.001). T. violaceum, including T. glabrum, was identified as the most common causative fungus of BDR (75.3%). Sixty percent of cases showed slight erythema. In 8 families, 16 cases were found to be intrafamilial infections. A history of previous steroid treatment was described in about 40%. ( info)

9/108. Tinea faciei due to microsporum canis abscess formation.

    Superficial dermatophyte infections are common in children; however, complications are encountered rarely. We describe a child with tinea faciei caused by microsporum canis, who subsequently developed an abscess. Complete resolution occurred after treatment with oral terbinafine. ( info)

10/108. microsporum canis tinea capitis in an 8-month-old infant successfully treated with 2 weekly pulses of oral itraconazole.

    We report an 8-month-old girl with tinea capitis caused by microsporum canis which was successfully treated with two pulses of oral itraconazole 50 mg/day, each of 1 week duration with an interval of 2 weeks. M. canis tinea capitis can be a difficult therapeutic problem in an infant, as the treatment is usually long, lasting up to 4-6 weeks with griseofulvin and 6-12 weeks with terbinafine, and the desire to provide a safe systemic therapy is particularly important. With an intermittent regimen the duration of treatment with active drug can be much shorter compared to continuous therapy. We found that itraconazole pulse therapy for M. canis tinea capitis was a safe and effective treatment in an infant. ( info)
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