Cases reported "Tongue Diseases"

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1/49. Coexisting congenital sublingual dermoid and bronchogenic cyst.

    A congenital dermoid together with a bronchogenic cyst at the base of the tongue is extremely rare. We describe a 5-year-old boy who presented with an enlarged anterior segment of mandible, slight swelling of the left submandibular region, and a large swelling of the floor of the mouth that was displacing the tongue posteriorly. Both cysts were successfully excised and the boy made an uncomplicated recovery. Occlusion and mastication returned to normal and his speech improved remarkably.
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keywords = submandibular
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2/49. lingual thyroid gland: clinical evaluation and comprehensive management.

    Although lingual thyroid gland is the most common benign mass found at the junction of the anterior two-thirds and the posterior one-third of the tongue, it is still a rare clinical entity. This developmental anomaly is the result of an arrested descent of the gland anlage early in the course of embryogenesis. patients may have symptoms of dysphagia due to obstruction or even hemorrhage. These symptoms can occur at any time from infancy through adulthood. The clinical findings, laboratory tests, and radiographic imaging studies employed in confirming the diagnosis and in planning appropriate treatment have been evaluated. The primary therapeutic goal is to restore thyroid function. We describe a case of lingual thyroid gland and summarize the current management principles for this condition.
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ranking = 2.5878017013365
keywords = gland
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3/49. Familial occurrence of congenital hypothyroidism due to lingual thyroid gland.

    Two sisters who presented with midline neck masses proved to be biochemically hypothyroid. Thyroid scintigraphy supplemented with perchlorate discharge testing showed lingual thyroid glands and ruled out the expected autosomal recessive organification defect. The related literature is reviewed.
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ranking = 1.8484297866689
keywords = gland
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4/49. Transposition of the lingual thyroid: A new alternative technique.

    BACKGROUND: In symptomatic lingual thyroid, surgical transposition of the gland with its vascular supply intact seems to have superior results to those obtained by surgical ablation and autotransplantation. However, the procedure should be simple, reproducible, reliable, and cause less morbidity as well as providing simple access to and evaluation of the gland postoperatively. methods: We present the case of a 33-year-old female with lingual thyroid who was treated by transposing the whole gland to the lateral pharyngeal wall through a lateral pharyngotomy incision. The transposed lingual thyroid was nourished by a random tongue muscle pedicle flap. RESULT: At the 5-month postoperative stage, iodine scanning reviewed the radioactivity uptake of the transposed gland. Even though the patient was not on postoperative thyroid hormone supplement, her thyroid function gradually returned to normal after initially showing hypothyroid postoperatively. CONCLUSION: This new technique for transposition of lingual thyroid is simple and reliable and should be considered as an alternative method in the management of symptomatic patients.
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ranking = 1.4787438293351
keywords = gland
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5/49. Ectopic lingual thyroid: an otolaryngologic emergency beyond childhood.

    Ectopic thyroid is rare and occasionally presents suddenly in childhood. adult patients with thyroid ectopy who develop local symptoms commonly have an enlarged ectopic gland and hypothyroidism. We describe the first case of an adult patient who sudden presented with sudden dysphagia and dyspnea caused by a large lingual thyroid in clinical and biochemical euthyroidism. Treatment consisted of surgical removal of the ectopic gland and thyroid hormone replacement therapy.
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ranking = 0.73937191466757
keywords = gland
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6/49. Double tongue, intraoral anomalies, and cleft palate--case reports and a discussion of developmental pathology.

    OBJECTIVE: Isolated cleft palate is the most common presentation of the nonsyndromic cleft lip/palate combinations and is multifactorial in etiology. We report two cases of children with clefts of the secondary palate coexistent with double tongue and in either case mandibular epulis or superiorly displaced salivary gland. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: In each case, the palatal cleft correlated anatomically with the intraoral space-occupying lesion. The ratio of tongue volume to intraoral volume during palatogenesis is discussed with reference to the pathogenesis of cleft palate. These clinical cases propose the model of a unifying sequence of developmental events whereby deformation of palatal shelf elevation results in secondary palatal clefting.
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ranking = 0.36968595733378
keywords = gland
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7/49. mucocele of the anterior lingual salivary glands (glands of Blandin and Nuhn): report of 5 cases.

    The anterior lingual salivary glands (glands of Blandin and Nuhn) are mixed mucous and serous glands that are embedded within the musculature of the anterior tongue ventrum. Five cases of mucocele of the glands of Blandin and Nuhn are presented. These mucoceles on the anterior tongue ventrum were exophytic and resembled pyogenic granulomata, polyps, or squamous papillomata. In 2 cases, the onset of the mucocele was associated with trauma to the anterior tongue. All cases were mucus extravasation phenomena. A history of trauma and recovery of mucus with fine needle aspiration are helpful in the clinical diagnosis of mucocele of the glands of Blandin and Nuhn, as are the following characteristics of the mucocele: rapid onset, increase and reduction in size, bluish color, and fluid-filled consistency. During surgery, the glands that are deep in the tongue musculature are commonly left behind, resulting in persistence of the lesion. Careful clinical evaluation of these lesions and preoperative awareness of the surgical anatomy of the glands of Blandin and Nuhn may minimize the need for repeated surgical procedures.
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ranking = 5.5452893600068
keywords = gland
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8/49. lingual thyroid--a threat to the airway.

    The occurrence of a thyroid gland superficially placed on the pharyngeal portion of the tongue is rare, but poses problems to the patient and anaesthetist. This report describes a patient with a lingual thyroid and a history of problems associated with it that resulted in admission to the ICU and warnings about future intubation of the larynx. The patient underwent awake tracheal intubation using a standard fibreoptic assisted technique, and was advised that she purchase an appropriate Medic-Alert bracelet.
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ranking = 0.36968595733378
keywords = gland
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9/49. Cervical tumor by ectopic salivary gland.

    Heterotopic salivary tissue is a rare lesion, although most authors agree that anomalous embryologic development of salivary tissue is the main cause. One case of cervical tumor by ectopic salivary gland is reported, and existent literature is reviewed. A 26-year-old woman was operated on for a cystic tumor in the midline of the neck diagnosed as thyroglossal cyst in the hyoid region. After Sistrunk operation, the recurrence was immediate. A second operation was performed, and a solid tumor located between muscles of the tongue was resected. A long tract opening in recurrent cervical cystic tumor was also removed. No recurrence was evident at 1 year after surgery. Pathological examination of the excised mass revealed an ectopic salivary gland with serous and mucinous acini located between muscles of the tongue. This is a rare case report of a cervical fistula by ectopic salivary gland surrounded by muscles of the tongue draining into a cystic tumor in the hyoid midline lesion. recurrence of thyroglossal cyst after a correct surgical resection must be suspected as an ectopic salivary tissue. Also when a cystic neck tumor is present, an ectopic salivary gland must be suspected.
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ranking = 2.9574876586703
keywords = gland
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10/49. A multifocal neurinoma of the hypoglossal nerve with motor paralysis confirmed by electromyography.

    A rare case of neurinoma in a 72 year-old Japanese woman derived from the hypoglossal nerve is reported. The tumour was composed of three interconnected nodules occurring simultaneously in the left submandibular and sublingual regions. The lesion, which presented as a neck mass, caused a slight left-sided hemiparesis of the tongue with tongue deviation to the affected side not noticed by the patient. An electromyographic (EMG) study revealed decreased muscle activity on the left side of the tongue muscle, indicating dysfunction of the hypoglossal nerve. EMG was useful for diagnosis.
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keywords = submandibular
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