Cases reported "Tongue Diseases"

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1/333. Familial cerebellar hypoplasia and pancytopenia without chromosomal breakages.

    Two siblings manifested a neuro-haematologic syndrome characterised by low birth weight, failure to thrive, chronic persistent tongue ulceration, severe truncal ataxia and pancytopenia without either telangiectasia or chromosomal instability. One sibling died from sepsis and the cerebellum demonstrated reduced cellularity of the molecular and granular layers with relative preservation of purkinje cells and minimal gliosis. A surviving sibling has shown haematologic progression to a myelodysplastic disorder. There was no evidence of any chromosomal instability following exposure of fibroblasts and lymphocytes to irradiation. monosomy-7 was not present in the surviving sibling. We suspect that these two patients represent another example of the rare Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson syndrome and we are currently engaged in very close monitoring of the surviving sibling for evidence of any karyotypic abnormality.
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2/333. Glial choristoma of the tongue: a case report and review of the literature.

    Heterotopic brain tissue is an extremely rare developmental malformation. It is considered to be one of the very rare choristomatous lesions involving the oral cavity. We present a case of glial choristoma located on the dorsal surface of the tongue, midline area, in an 8-month-old African-American female baby. The clinical, histologic, and immunohistochemical features are presented. In addition, a review of previously reported cases and their probable embryogenesis are analyzed.
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3/333. Coexisting congenital sublingual dermoid and bronchogenic cyst.

    A congenital dermoid together with a bronchogenic cyst at the base of the tongue is extremely rare. We describe a 5-year-old boy who presented with an enlarged anterior segment of mandible, slight swelling of the left submandibular region, and a large swelling of the floor of the mouth that was displacing the tongue posteriorly. Both cysts were successfully excised and the boy made an uncomplicated recovery. Occlusion and mastication returned to normal and his speech improved remarkably.
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4/333. Symmetric lipomatosis of the tongue: report of a case and review of the literature.

    lipomatosis of the tongue is an extremely rare condition. To date, only 5 cases have been reported in the literature. An additional example, confirmed by biopsy, is presented. This appears to represent only the second instance of a nonoriental person who has been described with this condition.
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5/333. lingual thyroid gland: clinical evaluation and comprehensive management.

    Although lingual thyroid gland is the most common benign mass found at the junction of the anterior two-thirds and the posterior one-third of the tongue, it is still a rare clinical entity. This developmental anomaly is the result of an arrested descent of the gland anlage early in the course of embryogenesis. patients may have symptoms of dysphagia due to obstruction or even hemorrhage. These symptoms can occur at any time from infancy through adulthood. The clinical findings, laboratory tests, and radiographic imaging studies employed in confirming the diagnosis and in planning appropriate treatment have been evaluated. The primary therapeutic goal is to restore thyroid function. We describe a case of lingual thyroid gland and summarize the current management principles for this condition.
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6/333. Evaluation and management of benign, non-congenital tongue masses in children.

    Lingual tumors are rare, primarily benign, lesions in the pediatric population. Congenital lesions, such as hemangiomas, lymphatic malformations, dermoids, hamartomas and thyroglossal ducts cysts, are seen more commonly. Primary, non-congenital lingual neoplasms are less common in children. We present three patients with benign lingual neoplasms. Evaluation, management, pathology and follow-up are discussed.
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7/333. Transposition of the lingual thyroid: A new alternative technique.

    BACKGROUND: In symptomatic lingual thyroid, surgical transposition of the gland with its vascular supply intact seems to have superior results to those obtained by surgical ablation and autotransplantation. However, the procedure should be simple, reproducible, reliable, and cause less morbidity as well as providing simple access to and evaluation of the gland postoperatively. methods: We present the case of a 33-year-old female with lingual thyroid who was treated by transposing the whole gland to the lateral pharyngeal wall through a lateral pharyngotomy incision. The transposed lingual thyroid was nourished by a random tongue muscle pedicle flap. RESULT: At the 5-month postoperative stage, iodine scanning reviewed the radioactivity uptake of the transposed gland. Even though the patient was not on postoperative thyroid hormone supplement, her thyroid function gradually returned to normal after initially showing hypothyroid postoperatively. CONCLUSION: This new technique for transposition of lingual thyroid is simple and reliable and should be considered as an alternative method in the management of symptomatic patients.
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8/333. Giant juvenile xanthogranuloma of the tongue.

    Juvenile xanthogranulomas (JXGs) are rare, benign, fibrohistiocytic lesions. They usually appear as one or more cutaneous papules on the head, neck, or trunk in infants. Twelve cases of oral JXGs have been reported, four of which involved the tongue. We present a 6-year-old girl with a large tongue mass diagnosed as JXG after an excisional biopsy. Histological and immunohistochemical staining results are presented. This is the first reported case of a giant oral JXG. A review of the literature on these unusual lesions is presented, along with discussion of their differential diagnosis and key aspects of the patient's evaluation, management, and pathological diagnosis.
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9/333. Heterotopic oral gastrointestinal cyst: report of 2 cases and review of the literature.

    Oral heterotopic gastrointestinal cyst is a rare entity occurring in infants and children and showing a predilection for males. The cyst usually appears as an asymptomatic swelling in the floor of the mouth. Difficulty in feeding, swallowing, respiration, and speech have been reported in approximately 30% of those affected. The tongue-in particular, its anterior aspectis involved in up to 60% of reported cases. The clinical, radiographic, and histopathologic features of cases of heterotopic gastrointestinal cyst involving the anterior tongue in a 2-year-old girl and the anterior floor of the mouth in a 2-month-old boy are presented, and theories of pathogenesis are discussed.
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10/333. Leiomyomatous hamartoma of the anterior tongue: report of a case and review of the literature.

    A case of leiomyomatous hamartoma located on the anterior third of the tongue in an otherwise healthy 6-year-old boy is reported. The lesion had been present since birth as an asymptomatic, pedunculated tubular tumour. The lesion was surgically excised and histopathological examination disclosed a non-neoplastic mass composed of irregularly arranged bundles of smooth muscle embedded in a fibrovascular stroma. No recurrence was observed after 1 year of follow-up.
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