Cases reported "Tonsillar Neoplasms"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/55. The blastic variant of mantle cell lymphoma arising in Waldeyer's tonsillar ring.

    We present three cases of blastic mantle cell lymphoma with an unusual initial manifestation in Waldeyer's ring with methods for differentiating it from other blastic neoplasms of the head and neck. All cases presented with a feeling of fullness in the area of the mass. Morphologically, the tumours were blastic with a high mitotic rate (three to nine per high power field). All were B-cell phenotype with coexpression of CD43. In all cases cyclin d1 and bcl-2 were positive and CD23 negative. Blastic mantle cell lymphoma occurring in Waldeyer's tonsillar ring may be mistaken for other high grade haematopoietic neoplasms. immunohistochemistry and awareness of this type of lymphoma are helpful in differentiating it from other neoplasms.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/55. Gastric adenocarcinoma with tonsil and submaxillary gland metastases: case report.

    Local invasion, hematogenous and lymphatic metastases are the major modes of spreading gastric cancer. The most common sites of metastases in patients with gastric cancer are liver, peritoneum, omentum, lungs and mesentery. Of the two pathological types of gastric cancer, intestinal-type gastric cancer showed preferential metastasis to the liver, whereas the diffuse-type showed a preference for peritoneal involvement and lymph node metastasis. However, metastases of gastric cancer to the head and neck regions are not common. The hematogenous route appears to account for a great majority of metastases to the head and neck regions. Malignant neoplasm metastases to major salivary glands or tonsils are not common. Several patients with cancers from the infraclavicular area have been reported with parotid gland or tonsil metastases. However, metastasis of gastric adenocarcinoma to the tonsils or submandibular glands is rare. We present a patient with recurrent gastric adenocarcinoma with both tonsil and submandibular gland metastases which is even rarer.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 325.81325388985
keywords = cancer, neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/55. Late onset of tonsillar metastasis from breast cancer.

    A 71-year-old woman non-smoker referred for repeated haemoptysis showed a tumoral lesion of the left tonsil. Pathological analysis of the biopsy showed characteristics compatible with a breast carcinoma metastasis, in which oestrogen and progesterone receptors were present. The patient had undergone mastectomy and had received adjuvant radiotherapy 24 years previously for a breast cancer with no complaints or signs of recurrence since. Investigations showed disseminated bone metastases but no other soft-tissue deposits. Anti-oestrogen therapy was applied. Only seven similar cases of tonsillar metastasis from breast cancer have been reported.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 325.47992055652
keywords = cancer
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/55. Bilateral synchronous tonsillar carcinoma.

    Synchronous cancers occur in four per cent of patients with head and neck malignancies but no bilateral synchronous tonsillar carcinomas have been described in the English literature. We describe the first such case and discuss the prognostic aspect of this carcinoma. In the presence of contralateral neck nodes in patients with head and neck malignancies, a careful search should be made for a second head and neck primary.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 54.246653426086
keywords = cancer
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/55. Transmucosal fine-needle aspiration diagnosis of intraoral and intrapharyngeal lesions.

    OBJECTIVES: The effectiveness of fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) for the diagnosis of neck, thyroid, and salivary gland masses is well documented. Very few reports explore the potential of an intraoral FNAB approach for the diagnosis of submucosal lesions. We describe our technique and present case examples of pertinent differential diagnostic entities. We recommend an expanded role for FNAB of the oral cavity and oropharynx. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. methods: A uniform technique was employed for transmucosal FNAB of 76 patients with intraoral masses. In applicable cases, cytology results were compared with traditional biopsy methods and permanent histopathologic specimens for accuracy. RESULTS: Our experience demonstrates the high sensitivity (93%) and specificity (86%) of intraoral FNAB when compared with biopsy by conventional means. FNAB provides distinct advantages for the cytologic diagnosis of submucosal lesions, which may be difficult to reach and adequately sample through conventional biopsy. FNAB of the tonsil and tonsillar fossa provides a safe and effective means of diagnosing both lymphoma and squamous cell cancer. Transmucosal FNAB via the mouth led to rapid diagnosis of a number of benign and malignant lesions. Applying this uniform FNAB technique, we had no significant complications. CONCLUSION: We recommend transmucosal FNAB as an effective means for highly accurate diagnosis of submucosal lesions of the oral cavity and oropharynx. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Traditional biopsy techniques in the oral cavity may require anesthesia and may have diagnostic difficulties, particularly for submucosal lesions. Transmucosal FNAB overcomes these shortcomings by providing a minimally invasive means to rapid diagnosis of intraoral lesions.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 54.246653426086
keywords = cancer
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/55. Acute leukemia following prolonged cytotoxic agent therapy.

    1. Nine patients in whom acute non-lymphoblastic leukemia (ANLL) developed following prolonged alkylating agent therapy are described. Five of the patients received no radiotherapy. The conditions treated were: Hodgkin's disease (four patients), primary amyloidosis, primary macroglobulinemia, malignant lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and carcinoma of the tonsil. 2. Prior to the advent of chemotherapy, this complication was not observed in large series of patients with lymphoproliferative disorders and multiple myeloma. However, the medical literature now contains at least 125 other detailed reports of ANLL developing after prolonged cytotoxic agent therapy. 3. multiple myeloma and Hodgkin's disease, both of which commonly have good responses to chemotherapy, predominate as the underlying diseases. However, 35% of the case reports involve patients with other illnesses, including 12 patients who did not have neoplasms. 4. More than half of the patients developing ANLL have received chemotherapy alone without radiotherapy. 5. At least half of the patients developing ANLL experienced long periods of significant cytopenia during therapy, often with documentation of bone marrow dysplasia. 6. The wide variety of drugs associated with this complication suggests that any cytotoxic agent may be leukemogenic. However, alkylating agents overwhelmingly predominate as the class of compounds which are most often associated with terminal ANLL. 7. The vast majority of patients reported in the literature with ANLL complicating underlying malignancies have received cytotoxic drugs for prolonged periods (median 3 1/2 years) and leukemia developed most commonly 3 to 5 years after the diagnosis of the underlying disease. Most of these patients benefited from therapy and survived longer (median 5 years) than historical control of untreated patients. 8. The leukemogenic potential in man of prolonged cytotoxic agents therapy, especially with alkylating agents, seems to be well established. This evidence admonishes against the prolonged use of these drugs in non-fatal disorders. 9. More accurate assessment of risk: benefit ratios awaits the results of prospective controlled studies. The results of these studies could also lead to significant modifications in recommendations for long-term maintenance therapy with cytotoxic agents.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/55. Waldeyer's ring lymphoma presenting as massive oropharyngeal hemorrhage.

    A case report of a patient presenting with massive oropharyngeal hemorrhage originating from lymphoma of the tonsil and it's management is discussed. Locally advanced or recurrent squamous cell carcinoma may manifest with massive oropharyngeal hemorrhage, however, it is unusual for Waldeyer's ring lymphoma to present in this fashion. Management of oropharyngeal malignancies presenting in this manner includes airway control, control of hemorrhage, and biopsy of the tumor. hemorrhage control is provided by surgical exploration or intraarterial embolization. Extranodal lymphoma of the head and neck is not uncommon and is thoroughly discussed in the medical literature. hemorrhage into the upper aerodigestive tract is occasionally observed in the patient with head and neck cancer. It usually occurs, however, in patients with squamous cell carcinoma that have been previously treated or in patients with locally advanced cancers. A comprehensive review of the literature has revealed no other reports of head and neck lymphoma presenting with massive oropharyngeal hemorrhage.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 108.49330685217
keywords = cancer
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/55. Early thyrotoxic thyroiditis after radiotherapy for tonsillar carcinoma.

    thyroiditis with hyperthyroidism is a recognized early complication of intrathyroidal irridiation by orally ingested radiolabeled iodine I 131, but has seldom been described following external delivery of radiotherapy to the thyroid bed. We treated a man who was initially seen with a clinical picture suggestive of hyperthyroidism after receiving a course of radiotherapy for tonsillar carcinoma. Laboratory studies and thyroidal radioiodine uptake confirmed the diagnosis of thyrotoxic thyroiditis, having onset within 2 weeks of completion of the course of radiotherapy. The literature concerning thyroiditis and thyroid function following external beam radiotherapy is reviewed. Because several of the clinical features of thyrotoxic thyroiditis may resemble those resulting from the cancer under treatment or complications of its therapy, we recommend evaluation of thyroid function at the conclusion of the course of radiotherapy and 2 weeks thereafter to exclude this self-limited and treatable cause of weight loss.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 54.246653426086
keywords = cancer
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/55. Oncologic rationale for bilateral tonsillectomy in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma of unknown primary source.

    OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate an oncologic basis for the recommendation to perform bilateral tonsillectomy as a routine measure in the search for a primary mucosal lesion in patients presenting with cervical nodal metastasis of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). STUDY DESIGN: A case series of individuals selected from a 3-year period is reported. SETTING: Academic medical center. RESULTS: Each individual presented with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma in a cervical lymph node from an unknown primary source. In each case, the primary source was identified in a tonsillectomy specimen, either located contralateral to the node, or in both tonsils. CONCLUSIONS: The rate of contralateral spread of metastatic cancer from occult tonsil lesions appears to approach 10%. For this reason, bilateral tonsillectomy is recommended as a routine step in the search for the occult primary in patients presenting with cervical metastasis of SCC and palatine tonsils intact.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 54.246653426086
keywords = cancer
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/55. Lymphangiectatic fibrolipomatous polyp of the palatine tonsil.

    A rare benign polypoid tumor of the right palatine tonsil is described in a 23 year old male. It contained dilated lymphatic channels surrounded by fibrous tissue and foci of mature fat. The features of this lesion add support to the hypothesis that benign tumors of tonsil may be hamartomas of tonsil rather than true neoplasms. The differential diagnosis of polypoid lesions of the tonsil is discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = neoplasm
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Tonsillar Neoplasms'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.