Cases reported "Tooth Attrition"

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1/12. Oral rehabilitation of a child with primary failure of tooth eruption.

    This article describes the prosthetic evaluation and treatment of a 10-year-old female patient with primary failure of tooth eruption. This case is unique in that the failure of eruption affected both the deciduous and permanent dentition in all quadrants, in the absence of any other systemic abnormalities. After diagnostic articulation and a thorough discussion of the treatment with the patient and her parents, complete maxillary and mandibular overdentures were fabricated. The process followed with this preadolescent patient to ensure maximum compliance, success, and encouragement toward a positive attitude in wearing complete dentures is reported.
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2/12. tooth wear and loss: symptomatological and rehabilitating treatments.

    The authors report a clinical case that presented tooth wear and absence, with painful muscular and articular symptomatology, and also alteration in deglutition, mastication and speech. The clinical procedures used were re-establishment of vertical dimension of occlusion, mandibular centric relations, and occlusal contacts through therapeutic removable partial dentures. The condyle position was analyzed in habitual occlusion and in occlusion with dentures, through transcranial radiographs of the temporomandibular joints. Oral rehabilitation was achieved with dental restoration and removable partial dentures.
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3/12. Dental erosion: diagnostic-based noninvasive treatment.

    Lesions that result from dental erosion can be difficult to recognize--particularly when abrasion and attrition are also present. Consequently, dental erosion is often misdiagnosed and mistreated by radical restorative modalities that compromise the vitality of the pulp. This article provides clinicians with knowledge concerning the diagnosis of the complex lesions of dental wear and demonstrates the conservative treatment of this condition. Two cases that exhibit marked tooth wear in anterior teeth and their subsequent restoration utilizing occlusal principles and composite resin are presented.
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4/12. Syndromes with salivary dysfunction predispose to tooth wear: case reports of congenital dysfunction of major salivary glands, Prader-Willi, congenital rubella, and Sjogren's syndromes.

    Four cases-of congenital dysfunction of the major salivary glands as well as of Prader-Willi, congenital rubella, and Sjogren's syndromes-were identified in a series of 500 patients referred for excessive tooth wear. Although there was evidence of consumption of highly acidic drinks, some occlusal parafunction, and unacceptable toothbrushing habits, salivary dysfunction was the salient factor predisposing a patient to tooth wear in these syndromal cases. The 500 subjects have been characterized either as having medical conditions and medications that predispose them to xerostomia or lifestyles in which workplace- and sports-related dehydration lead to reduced salivary flow. Normal salivation, by buffering capacity, clearance by swallowing, pellicle formation, and capacity for remineralization of demineralized enamel, protects the teeth from extrinsic and intrinsic acids that initiate dental erosion. Thus, the syndromes, unrelated in many respects, underline the importance of normal salivation in the protection of teeth against tooth wear by erosion, attrition, and abrasion.
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5/12. A question of space: options for the restorative management of worn teeth.

    The prevalence of tooth surface loss has increased in recent years. The essence of management is an effective preventive regime; however, in many instances restoration may also be necessary. A number of strategies is available for creating sufficient space to enable restoration and several techniques for restoration known. This article reviews the significance of the vertical dimension of occlusion and describes the restorative management of a patient affected by severe tooth wear.
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6/12. Restorative management of the worn dentition: 2. Localized anterior toothwear.

    This is the second paper in a four-part series detailing the relative merits of the treatment strategies, clinical techniques and dental materials for the restoration of health, function and aesthetics for the dentition. In this paper the management of wear in the anterior dentition is discussed, using three case studies as illustration.
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7/12. Restorative management of the worn dentition: 4. Generalized toothwear.

    This is the final paper of a four part series on the management of worn dentition. The factors affecting the selection of restorative techniques for generalized toothwear, such as pulpal vitality, jaw relationship and occlusal guidance are discussed. The practical steps of oral rehabilitation using fixed prostheses are illustrated with two clinical cases.
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8/12. The coexistence of temporomandibular disorders and styloid process fracture: a clinical report.

    This clinical report describes the diagnosis and treatment of a patient with both temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and styloid process fracture. The presence of tender muscles of mastication, facial pain, especially upon awakening, frequent grinding sounds, and tooth attrition indicated a diagnosis of TMD with bruxism as a possible etiological factor. However, the preliminary diagnosis of styloid process fracture based on the patient's sensation of a foreign body in the throat and some discomfort when turning the head was confirmed using radiography. The styloid process fracture was treated using conservative nonsurgical therapy, and an occlusal splint was used to treat the TMD. The patient's symptoms were significantly reduced at the 12-month follow-up visit.
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9/12. An unusual pattern of dental damage with salivary gland aplasia.

    BACKGROUND: Dental destruction can develop from numerous causes. Major salivary gland aplasia is an uncommon causative factor. The resulting xerostomia can lead to extensive dental demineralization. CASE DESCRIPTION: The author examined a 19-year-old man because of the patient's concern regarding decreased salivary volume and his dental condition. There was extensive loss of tooth structure and an astonishing pattern of dental destruction most notable on the palatal portions of the maxillary molars and premolars that is best described as "chipping." It was only after taking the patient's history, clinically examining the patient and conducting a radioisotope study that the author was able to make a confident diagnosis of the absence of four major salivary glands. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: dentists should be aware that salivary gland aplasia is an uncommon cause of dental deterioration. It may manifest itself not by extensive caries but by a dental chipping effect. Early recognition and a therapeutic strategy can prevent progressive dental damage.
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10/12. Modern restorative management of advanced tooth-surface loss.

    This article describes the restorative management of a case of advanced, localised tooth-surface loss using modern materials and techniques. Particular emphasis is placed on the conservation of tooth structure while providing restorations with optimum physical and aesthetic characteristics.
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