Cases reported "Tooth Avulsion"

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11/96. Decoronation of an ankylosed tooth for preservation of alveolar bone prior to implant placement.

    A 12-year-old patient sustained avulsions of both permanent maxillary central incisors. Subsequently, both teeth developed replacement resorption. The left incisor was extracted alio loco. The right incisor was treated by decoronation (removal of crown and pulp, but preservation of the root substance). Comparison of both sites demonstrated complete preservation of the height and width of the alveolar bone at the decoronation site, whereas the tooth extraction site showed considerable bone loss. In addition, some vertical bone apposition was found on top of the decoronated root. Decoronation is a simple and safe surgical procedure for preservation of alveolar bone prior to implant placement. It must be considered as a treatment option for teeth affected by replacement resorption if tooth transplantation is not feasible.
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12/96. Conservative management of an intruded immature maxillary permanent central incisor with healing complication of pulp bone.

    Traumatic intrusion injury of permanent teeth is serious with multiple complications possible associated with the pulp, periodontal ligament, alveolar bone and Hertwig's epithelial root sheath. The optimal treatment for the management of an intrusion injury has not yet been determined. A case is presented involving the conservative management of an immature maxillary permanent central incisor intrusively luxated by allowing for re-eruption and orthodontic extrusion two weeks later. After a follow-up period of ten months, the intruded tooth continued to show a mobility of grade one, without metallic percussion tone or infra-occlusion, which confirmed periodontal ligament healing. Although the intruded tooth failed to respond to dry ice testing, no other signs of pulp necrosis were evident and the colour of the intruded tooth was within normal limits throughout the follow-up period. However, complications of healing of Hertwig's epithelial root sheath occurred, causing in-growth of bone and periodontal ligament into the root canal.
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13/96. Extraction as a treatment alternative follows repeated trauma in a severely handicapped patient.

    Handicapped patients with protruding maxillary incisors are prone to repeated dental trauma. A 13-year-old girl with cerebral palsy, severe mental retardation and seizure disorder was referred to our department for restoring the traumatized anterior teeth. Despite drug combination, the frequency of seizure attack was around 10 times a month. The oral examination showed multiple caries, gingival hyperplasia, class II malocclusion with 14 mm overjet and deep overbite. During the first 3 years of a 7-year follow-up period, six episodes of anterior tooth trauma due to seizure attack occurred. The trauma-related treatment performed included endodontic therapy, multiple composite restorations, apical repositional flap, and finally extraction of all four upper incisors with fabrication of a semi-fixed band-retained denture. The denture restored normal overbite and overjet with improved esthetics. For 4 years following the fabrication of denture, no trauma occurred to the anterior teeth in later seizure attacks. Considering inadequate control of seizure disorder, little ability of the patient to receive comprehensive orthodontic treatment, poor prognosis of restorations, and possible future injuries, the removal of non-functional, nonesthetic, trauma-susceptible incisor teeth can be justified as an alternative to tooth preservation.
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14/96. Auto-alloplastic transplantation of a primary canine after traumatic loss of a permanent central incisor.

    This report describes the transplantation of a primary canine after traumatic loss of a central incisor in an 8-year-old boy. The 7-month follow-up revealed normal periodontal healing with absence of infection, ankylosis or progressive resorption. The patient was then lost for control. After 16 months another trauma in the same patient resulted in an avulsion of the transplant. However, the alveolar bone was maintained in vertical and sagittal dimensions. Another primary canine was transplanted and followed for further 11 months. Again normal periodontal healing could be observed. The transplantation of a primary canine is seen as a promising method to replace a lost permanent tooth and maintain the surrounding tissues in very young patients.
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15/96. Laser Doppler flowmetry for monitoring traumatized teeth.

    Laser Doppler Flowmetry (LDF) has been shown to be valuable in monitoring revascularization of immature incisors following severe dental trauma. Several investigators have demonstrated the ability of LDF to record blood flow signals from vital tooth pulps. In this case report, LDF was used for a 7-year-old child patient following a severe luxation of tooth #9. During follow-up examinations the traumatized tooth was unresponsive to traditional vitality testing during the first 6 months; however, LDF indicated that revascularization had occurred much sooner. Until recently, CO2 ice has been the most effective method for sensitivity testing in trauma cases such as presented here. In this case, LDF gave us the assurance that we could defer invasive care during a critical time period when root canal therapy might have been initiated for this child patient.
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16/96. Different treatment outcomes of two intruded permanent incisors--a case report.

    Intrusive luxation involves the displacement of the tooth apically into the alveolar socket. This type of injury represents a very complex wound, involving disruption of the marginal gingival seal, alveolar bone, periodontal ligament fibers, cementum and the neuro-vascular supply to the pulp, which results in severely compromised healing and possible complications. The case presented is a report of a 60-year-old lady who fell and intruded her two maxillary central incisors. The healing outcomes of the two central incisors were markedly different from each other even though they sustained similar injuries.
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17/96. Combined apexification and orthodontic intrusion of a traumatically extruded immature permanent incisor.

    A patient with a traumatic extrusion of the maxillary right central incisor was referred to the Pedodontic Clinic of Gazi University faculty of dentistry after 15 days. Orthodontic repositioning of the tooth was planned in 6 months. At the beginning of orthodontic therapy it was observed that the tooth was necrotic and needed an apexification procedure. The apexification procedure and orthodontic intrusion were successfully performed at the same time. In addition, a "walking bleach" was performed after the orthodontic and endodontic procedures were completed. At the 3-year recall, the tooth appeared normal in all respects.
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18/96. replantation of an avulsed incisor after prolonged dry storage: a case report.

    Management of tooth avulsion in the permanent dentition often presents a challenge. Definitive treatment planning and consultation with specialists is seldom possible at the time of emergency treatment. replantation of the avulsed tooth can restore esthetic appearance and occlusal function shortly after the injury. This article describes the management of a child with an avulsed maxillary permanent incisor that had been air-dried for about 18 hours. The replanted incisor retained its esthetic appearance and functionality 2 years after replantation, yet the long-term prognosis is not good because of progressive replacement root resorption.
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19/96. Early treatment of an intruded primary tooth: a case report.

    The report is about a case of total intrusion of a deciduous central incisor involving a male patient of 14 months of age. Repositioning of the intruded tooth was performed 20 minutes after the trauma, followed by placement with sutures. Clinical and radiographic monitoring performed after 1, 2, 4, 9, and 13 months showed normal characteristics. We emphasize the development of preventive programs promoting parental awareness of the importance of looking for prompt care, resulting in a better prognosis.
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20/96. Lingual displacement of an entire lower third molar. Report of a case with suggestions for prevention and management.

    Perfect knowledge of regional anatomy is the main factor in the prevention of tooth displacement during lower third molar extraction. Some technical expedients should be used to avoid the occurrence of this accident and to manage it if it anyway happens. The patient was seen just 2 days after his left lower third molar was lingually displaced during surgical extraction. Two mucoperiosteal flaps were made under general anaesthesia, one on each side of the mandible, to obtain good exposure of the previous bone access and to retrieve the tooth. No further complications occurred. Lower third molar extraction becomes complicated if tooth displacement happens. Predisposing factors of this accident are analyzed and the rules to minimize the risk of its occurrence and to simplify the retrieval of the displaced tooth are discussed.
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