Cases reported "Tooth Demineralization"

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1/6. submandibular gland aplasia and progressive dental caries: a case report.

    When severe caries occurs in mandibular permanent incisor teeth, the clinician should consider the possibility of associated submandibular gland aplasia or salivary hypofunction. early diagnosis of submandibular gland disease is essential, as operative problems involving restoration of mandibular incisor teeth are considerable. Furthermore, progressive severe dental caries can present a dilemma for the clinician in affected individuals, despite intensive preventive and restorative therapy. A case report describing severe progressive dental caries and enamel demineralization of the permanent mandibular incisor teeth in a young girl is presented. Further investigation revealed absence of functional bilateral submandibular salivary glands contributing to the rapid breakdown of the teeth despite intensive preventive measures.
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ranking = 1
keywords = dental caries, caries, dental
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2/6. Novel dental anomalies associated with congenital contractural arachnodactyly: a case report.

    Congenital contractural arachnodactyly (CCA) is an inherited disorder of connective tissue similar to Marfan's syndrome. The craniofacial and oral features of a young girl with CCA are described. The patient has the typical features of CCA as well as some additional dental anomalies which have not previously been reported with this syndrome. These include banded pitted enamel hypoplasia and hypomineralization, long, spindly tapered roots, and pulp canal obliteration with multiple pulp stones. dentists must be aware of the clinical features of a patient's syndrome to determine whether there are implications for dental treatment such as a need for antibiotic prophylaxis. It is important to exclude Marfan's syndrome as a differential diagnosis for CCA because the former has more associated complications and a less favorable prognosis.
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ranking = 0.023730936008017
keywords = dental
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3/6. Mandibular incisal edge demineralization and caries associated with Twin Block appliance design.

    Demineralization and caries are well documented and unwanted complications of orthodontic therapy. These are most commonly reported in relation to fixed appliance therapy. Five cases are presented of patients undergoing Twin Block appliance therapy with the appliances incorporating lower labial segment capping, illustrating a pattern of demineralization and caries of the incisal tips of the mandibular labial segment, influenced by the incisal capping and the frequent intake of carbonated soft drinks.
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ranking = 0.41895708441091
keywords = caries
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4/6. lasers in dentistry.

    Since the development of the ruby laser by Maiman in 1960, there has been great interest among dental practitioners, scientists, and patients to use this tool to make dental treatment more pleasant. Oral soft tissue uses are becoming more common in dental offices. The possible multiple uses of lasers in dentistry, beyond soft tissue surgery and dental composite curing, unfortunately, have not yet been realized clinically. These include replacement of the dental drill with a laser, laser dental decay prevention, and laser decay detection. The essential question is whether a laser can provide equal or improved treatment over conventional care. Safe use of lasers also must be the underlying goal of proposed or future laser therapy. With the availability and future development of different laser wavelengths and methods of pulsing, much interest is developing in this growing field. This article reviews the role of lasers in dentistry since the early 1960s, summarizes some research reports from the last few years, and proposes what the authors feel the future may hold for lasers in dentistry.
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ranking = 6.5237351510738
keywords = dental decay, decay, dental
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5/6. acro-osteolysis (Hajdu-Cheney) syndrome: report of a case with abnormal tooth structure.

    The acro-osteolysis (Hajdu-Cheney) syndrome is a rare disorder of bone metabolism characterized by progressive dissolution of a number of bones. Although previous reports have detailed several dental abnormalities associated with this syndrome, this is the first report describing structural changes in the dentin and cementum of teeth.
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ranking = 0.0039551560013361
keywords = dental
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6/6. enamel microabrasion: observations after 10 years.

    enamel microabrasion has become accepted as a conservative, nonrestorative method of improving the appearance of teeth with superficial dysmineralization and decalcification defects. This article reviews the technique of enamel microabrasion using a commercially available compound of hydrochloric acid and fine-grit silicon carbide particles in a water-soluble paste. It also describes a method of combining enamel microabrasion with carbamide peroxide home bleaching. Finally, it presents the cases of representative patients who underwent enamel microabrasion (alone or in combination with dental bleaching).
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ranking = 0.0039551560013361
keywords = dental
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