Cases reported "Tooth Diseases"

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1/51. High-altitude illness induced by tooth root infection.

    High-altitude illness may occur after recent pulmonary infection, but high-altitude illness after root canal therapy has not been described previously. A 44-year-old man is presented who skied to a 3333 m high peak in the Eastern Alps one day after he had undergone root canal therapy because of a tooth root infection. After 4 hours above 3000 m severe symptoms of high-altitude illness, including pulmonary oedema, developed. His condition improved after immediate descent. The next day he presented with local and general signs of infection which were successfully treated with gingival incisions and antibiotics. In conclusion, acute tooth root infection and root canal therapy may induce high-altitude illness at an altitude just above 3000 m.
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ranking = 1
keywords = tooth
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2/51. Treatment of an "ankylosed" upper central incisor in the mixed dentition.

    A ten-year-old boy presented with an unerupted upper right central incisor (UR1). An OPG radiograph showed a supernumerary tooth lying over its crown, preventing its eruption. Standard orthodontic treatment involving removal of the supernumerary tooth, attaching a gold chain to the UR1 and treatment with fixed orthodontic appliances failed to bring the tooth down, until it was found that tough fibrous gingival tissue entwined in the gold chain had "ankylosed" the tooth. Once this tissue had been removed and the wound packed open, the tooth was brought down successfully into occlusion.
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ranking = 27.276300193973
keywords = eruption, tooth
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3/51. dyskeratosis congenita: report of a case.

    dyskeratosis congenita is a rare multisystem condition involving mainly the ectoderm. It is characterized by a triad of reticular skin pigmentation, nail dystrophy and leukoplakia of mucous membranes. Oral and dental abnormalities may also be present. Complications are a predisposition to malignancy and bone marrow involvement with pancytopenia. The case of a 14-year-old girl is described who presented with several of the characteristic systemic features of this condition, together with the following oral features: hypodontia, diminutive maxillary lateral incisors, delayed dental eruption, crowding in the maxillary premolar region, short roots, poor oral hygiene, gingival inflammation and bleeding, alveolar bone loss, caries and a smooth atrophic tongue with leukoplakia. Although this condition is rare, dental surgeons should be aware of the dental abnormalities that exist and the risk of malignant transformation within the areas of leukoplakia.
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ranking = 26.44296686064
keywords = eruption
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4/51. Two cases of totally submerging buried primary molars: characterization of clinical behavior and discussion of cause.

    Submerging buried tooth is a rare condition whose clinical characteristics are unclear. Two cases are reported of submerging buried maxillary second deciduous molar. A review of the literature in Japanese and English provides the clinical condition of the lesion and allows for discussion of its causes.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = tooth
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5/51. Delayed tooth eruption associated with an ameloblastic fibro-odontoma.

    Delayed eruption of a single primary tooth is an uncommon event. Excluding a previous traumatic insult, the presence of a pericoronal odontogenic cyst or neoplasm is the primary cause for this abnormality. This case report describes the clinical and radiographic features of an ameloblastic fibro-odontoma in a young child, who presented with delayed eruption of the primary mandibular canine and prominent buccal expansion. A differential diagnosis for mixed, radiolucent and radiopaque lesions of the jaws will be discussed.
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ranking = 10609.292099488
keywords = tooth eruption, eruption, tooth
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6/51. Decoronation of an ankylosed tooth for preservation of alveolar bone prior to implant placement.

    A 12-year-old patient sustained avulsions of both permanent maxillary central incisors. Subsequently, both teeth developed replacement resorption. The left incisor was extracted alio loco. The right incisor was treated by decoronation (removal of crown and pulp, but preservation of the root substance). Comparison of both sites demonstrated complete preservation of the height and width of the alveolar bone at the decoronation site, whereas the tooth extraction site showed considerable bone loss. In addition, some vertical bone apposition was found on top of the decoronated root. Decoronation is a simple and safe surgical procedure for preservation of alveolar bone prior to implant placement. It must be considered as a treatment option for teeth affected by replacement resorption if tooth transplantation is not feasible.
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keywords = tooth
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7/51. Oral findings in Carpenter syndrome.

    Acrocephalopolysyndactyly Type II (Carpenter Syndrome) is determined by autosomal recessive inheritance. Only some 40 cases have been described. Variable clinical signs have been described including prolonged retention of primary teeth and hypodontia. This paper describes the oral and dental findings in a family containing two affected brothers. The family pedigree is informative, as the mother has had children by three partners. The two affected individuals are full brothers. The first affected brother has delayed dental development, severe hypodontia and small tooth crown size. Mesio-distal and bucco-lingual dimensions were measured on the study models and compared with population data. The younger brother also has delayed dental development but only mild hypodontia. Their half sister has severe hypodontia but no signs of Carpenter Syndrome. This family study demonstrates two affected individuals with typical clinical features and a pedigree compatible with autosomal recessive inheritance. Small tooth crown size has been shown by standardized measurement and evidence advanced that hypodontia is not part of the syndrome but a coincidental finding which segregates independently. We have also shown that the marked delay in emergence of teeth is associated more with problems of tooth eruption, possibly related to the bony abnormalities, than to a generalized delay in dental development.
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ranking = 2639.3932081083
keywords = tooth eruption, eruption, tooth
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8/51. Craniofacial and dental manifestations of proteus syndrome: a case report.

    The proteus syndrome is a rare congenital hamartomatous condition that is characterized by a wide range of malformations, sometimes involving the face. Common manifestations include partial gigantism, congenital lipomas, and plantar hyperplasia. In this report we describe the craniofacial clinicopathological development in a girl with proteus syndrome from age 6 to 20 years. The patient had pronounced hemifacial hypertrophy, exostoses in the left parietal region, and enlargement of the inferior alveolar nerve and mandibular canal in the affected region. The dental development of the affected left mandible and maxilla was characterized by extremely premature development and eruption of the primary and permanent teeth and by pronounced idiopathic root resorptions. The multidisciplinary management of the patient and the treatment outcome is reported. A review of the Proteus patients in the literature who exhibited manifestation in the craniofacial region is presented.
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ranking = 26.44296686064
keywords = eruption
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9/51. Submerged permanent teeth: literature review and case report.

    Submerged permanent teeth pose a diagnostic as well as a treatment planning dilemma. Teeth with delayed eruption, arrested eruption, and paradoxical movement all can appear to be submerged teeth. While orthodontics may seem like the simplest solution, it often has the most frustrating results. A multidisciplinary approach often is required, utilizing surgical, orthodontic, and prosthetic components.
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ranking = 52.88593372128
keywords = eruption
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10/51. An interdisciplinary approach for improved esthetic results in the anterior maxilla.

    This clinical report describes an interdisciplinary (orthodontic, periodontic, and prosthodontic) approach for the coordinated treatment of a patient diagnosed with peg-shaped maxillary lateral incisors, diastemata, short clinical crowns, excessive gingival display, and orthodontic malocclusion. The patient's specific esthetic expectations for the anterior maxilla were successfully met through phased treatment, including orthodontic tooth movement, provisional restorations, periodontal surgery for lengthening of the clinical crown, porcelain laminate veneers, and direct composite restorations. Such coordinated interdisciplinary evaluation and treatment are necessary for improved esthetic results in maxillary anterior areas esthetically compromised in several aspects.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = tooth
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