Cases reported "Tooth Fractures"

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11/131. Multiple fractures of primary molars caused by injuries to the chin: report of two cases.

    Two cases of multiple fractures of the primary molars caused by injuries to the chin are presented. Clinical and radiographic examinations revealed a vertical fracture line in the maxillary and mandibular primary molars. pulpotomy or pulpectomy treatment was performed on the affected teeth, which were then restored with preformed stainless steel crowns.
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ranking = 1
keywords = pulp
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12/131. tongue piercing and associated oral and dental complications.

    The insertion of metal objects into intraoral and perioral sites is growing in popularity. However, there are numerous oral and dental complications associated with tongue piercing. Fifteen patients with tongue piercings (pierced in the body of the tongue, anterior to the lingual frenum) attending the dental office of the authors, with and without complaints, were clinically and radiographically examined. The most common dental problem registered was chipping of teeth. Furthermore, two cracked teeth and four teeth with cusp fractures were also seen. One case of selective dental abrasion was registered. Trauma to the lingual anterior gingiva was the most common gingival problem. A salivary flow stimulating effect was only reported by 2 of the 15 individuals. None of the patients complained of interference with speech, mastication and swallowing. One case of galvanic currents produced by the appliance was registered. On the basis of the registered data, we concluded that patients need to be better informed of the potential complications associated with tongue and oral piercings, and that the dental profession can serve this role.
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ranking = 1.1193956286372
keywords = dental
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13/131. Bone-like tissue growth in the root canal of immature permanent teeth after traumatic injuries.

    Following a severe traumatic incident to permanent immature teeth, the growth of calcified tissue in the pulp space may occasionally occur. This calcified tissue may be diffuse or in intimate contact with the dentine. It has been suggested that a wide open apex, severe damage to the root sheath, and the absence of infection are only some of the predisposing factors leading to this metaplasia of pulp tissue into bone-like tissue. Five cases are described.
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ranking = 2
keywords = pulp
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14/131. Direct pulp capping with a dentin adhesive resin system in children's permanent teeth after traumatic injuries: case reports.

    Traumatic injuries in the permanent teeth of children and adolescents are one of the most frequent causes of dental treatment. The article presents the use of an enamel and dentin adhesive resin system, Syntac, and resin composite materials, Tetric and Variolink, as materials of choice for direct pulp capping after traumatic pulpal exposure (Ellis Class III). Exposed pulp in 10 patients was covered with Syntac and then Tetric and Variolink after etching of dental tissues with phosphoric acid. The follow-up period was from 12 to 48 months. In 1 patient, the treatment was a failure. In the remaining 9 patients, no signs or symptoms of pulpal inflammation or necrosis were observed during the clinical examination.
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ranking = 8.2499288083718
keywords = pulp, dental, exposure
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15/131. Cutaneous sinus tract from remaining tooth fragment of edentulous maxilla.

    Cutaneous sinus tract of dental origin usually arises from chronic dental infections. These tracts usually appear as suppurative lesions of the chin or neck. Because many patients with this lesion do not have any complaints of oral symptoms, these lesions are often diagnosed incorrectly and overlooked, and are also treated ineffectively. A case of an unusual presentation of a chronic suppurative granuloma on nasolabial fold, which originated from the remaining tooth fragment of edentulous maxilla, is reported. Treatment with removal of the tooth fragment as well as the sinus tract resulted in complete healing of the lesion. This report emphasizes the importance of awareness of the possible dental origin of facial sinuses, despite their unusual location.
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ranking = 0.3731318762124
keywords = dental
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16/131. Treatment of middle-apical level root fracture in necrotic teeth.

    The purpose of this paper is to present two case reports of dental trauma with middle-apical level root fractures and pulp necrosis. The treatment consisted of programmed applications of calcium hydroxide until a calcified barrier was formed at the fracture level. The technique presented here proved efficient in treating horizontal fractures at the middle and apical thirds of the root.
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ranking = 1.1243772920708
keywords = pulp, dental
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17/131. Investigations on a cell culture medium for storage and transportation of avulsed teeth.

    Non-physiologic storage of avulsed teeth leads to a high incidence of root resorption, resulting in poor prognosis. This study investigated the suitability of specially composed cell culture media for storage of extracted teeth for up to 48 hours. Autoradiographic investigations revealed that the proliferative activity of periodontal ligament (PDL) cells of teeth stored in cell culture medium for up to 48 hours increased with storage time. Studies on proliferation of PDL cells after storage of teeth in different media for up to 24 hours demonstrated that the proliferative activity is dependent on the composition of the medium. Immunohistochemical investigations with markers for cell proliferation revealed that pulp cells of extracted immature teeth show numerous proliferations after storage for up to 24 hours in a special cell culture medium but few proliferations after storage in Hanks Balanced Salt Solution (HBSS). The investigations indicate that a special cell culture medium can preserve cell viability of PDL cells adhering to extracted teeth for at least 48 hours. The in vitro results are confirmed by a case presented: After storage of two upper central incisors for 36 hours in the cell culture medium the teeth could be successfully reimplanted after extraoral insertion of titanium posts into the root canal (auto-alloplastic reimplantation). Clinical and radiological follow-up examinations for 12 months revealed normal periodontal healing.
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ranking = 1
keywords = pulp
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18/131. tongue piercing: a restorative perspective.

    The implication of a traumatic injury to a permanent molar tooth as a complication by tongue piercing with ornamental jewelry is reported. An appropriate restorative management of the fractured tooth is described. The dentist's role in prevention and treatment of unfavorable complications is outlined. The rationales for selection of specific treatment modalities, in view of the degree of damage to hard dental tissues, are discussed. The range of hard tissue injuries resulting from tongue jewelry varies from a simple crack propagating into the enamel to a fractured tooth. A variety of factors must be considered before employing the available restorative methods.
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ranking = 0.1243772920708
keywords = dental
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19/131. Extraction as a treatment alternative follows repeated trauma in a severely handicapped patient.

    Handicapped patients with protruding maxillary incisors are prone to repeated dental trauma. A 13-year-old girl with cerebral palsy, severe mental retardation and seizure disorder was referred to our department for restoring the traumatized anterior teeth. Despite drug combination, the frequency of seizure attack was around 10 times a month. The oral examination showed multiple caries, gingival hyperplasia, class II malocclusion with 14 mm overjet and deep overbite. During the first 3 years of a 7-year follow-up period, six episodes of anterior tooth trauma due to seizure attack occurred. The trauma-related treatment performed included endodontic therapy, multiple composite restorations, apical repositional flap, and finally extraction of all four upper incisors with fabrication of a semi-fixed band-retained denture. The denture restored normal overbite and overjet with improved esthetics. For 4 years following the fabrication of denture, no trauma occurred to the anterior teeth in later seizure attacks. Considering inadequate control of seizure disorder, little ability of the patient to receive comprehensive orthodontic treatment, poor prognosis of restorations, and possible future injuries, the removal of non-functional, nonesthetic, trauma-susceptible incisor teeth can be justified as an alternative to tooth preservation.
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ranking = 0.1243772920708
keywords = dental
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20/131. Revascularization of an immature permanent tooth with apical periodontitis and sinus tract.

    A necrotic immature mandibular second premolar with periapical involvement in a 13-year-old patient was treated. Instead of the standard root canal treatment protocol and apexification, antimicrobial agents were used in the canal, after which the canal was left empty. Radiographic examination showed the start of apical closure 5 months after the completion of the antimicrobial protocol. Thickening of the canal wall and complete apical closure was confirmed 30 months after the treatment, indicating the revascularization potential of a young permanent tooth pulp into a bacteria-free root canal space.
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ranking = 1
keywords = pulp
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