Cases reported "Tooth Loss"

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11/29. dental implants in a young patient with Papillon-Lefevre syndrome: a case report.

    A case is reported of dental implant placement in a 13-year-old patient diagnosed with Papillon-Lefevre syndrome. Two titanium dental implants were placed in the mandible for an implant-retained denture after the patient complained of having an unstable prosthesis. Follow-up radiographs showed successful osseointegration and preservation of alveolar bone 1 year after implant placement and the continual wearing of a functional dental prosthesis.
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12/29. A combination of orthodontic, periodontal, and prosthodontic treatment in a case of advanced malocclusion.

    Some of the most difficult problems to resolve in daily clinical practice are those where there is interaction of various pathogenic factors, with consequent complication of the therapeutic solutions. Combined treatments based on sound diagnosis of the case and appropriate decision making to organize the therapeutic procedures in sequence are the best way of dealing with such situations. This article describes the case of a woman who was pregnant at the beginning of the treatment and had active periodontitis and angle Class II molar malocclusion because of loss of maxillary and mandibular teeth. She had had maxillofacial surgery years before with average results, had lost teeth because of caries, and was seeking a solution to her problems that would be both esthetically pleasing and functional. A system that combined odontologic decision making with phased periodontal, orthodontic, and prosthodontic treatment was adopted, leading to a stable, esthetic, and functional solution that fulfilled the patient's requirements.
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ranking = 0.035267070723554
keywords = caries
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13/29. Removable prostheses for preschool children: report of two cases.

    Dental prostheses are frequently used to avoid psychologic, speech, or swallowing problems in preschool children with considerable tooth loss. Two cases of preschool children are presented, involving multiple loss of primary teeth. The purpose of this study was to promote the correct development of the maxilla and mandible by using removable dental prostheses and to guide the eruption of the permanent molars. Removable acrylic prostheses were provided for two children, with a special metallic s-shaped handle (ansa), which guided the eruption of the first permanent molars. These prostheses were modified as the children grew. By replacing missing teeth, several oral functions were re-established, development of the maxilla and mandible was promoted, and each child could develop socially from a psychologic point of view. The use of removable dental prostheses in preschool-aged children presenting with considerable tooth loss can be a viable and successful treatment option.
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keywords = dental
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14/29. Oligodontia. Surgical treatment and implant rehabilitation. A case report.

    Oligodontia is the partial loss of deciduous and permanent teeth and is rather commonly associated with a wide range of malformations in many syndromes. The treatment plan for these patients is based on a multidisciplinary approach involving maxillo-facial surgery and several branches of dentistry. The case of a young man who was diagnosed with oligodontia at the age of 11 is reported. The patient was treated with Le Fort 1 maxillary osteotomy, sagittal palatal osteotomy, mandibular widening by autogenous bone grafting, endosseus titanium implant placement and dental rehabilitation by fixed bridges.
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keywords = dental
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15/29. Utilization of third molars in the orthodontic treatment of skeletal class III subjects with severe lateral deviation: case report.

    AIM: This clinical report discusses the importance and use of third molars in the adult patient by presenting a case in which their use during orthodontic treatment allowed occlusal improvement. SUBJECT AND TREATMENT PLAN: The patient was a Japanese adolescent boy who had a skeletal Class III malocclusion with severe lateral deviation of the mandible, significant loss of posterior occlusal vertical dimension, due to premature loss of the maxillary and mandibular left first molars, and furthermore, both first molars had advanced carious lesions that had resulted in reduced crown heights and bilateral chewing surfaces. The mandible had shifted to the left, with a bilateral chewing pattern and a lack of posterior vertical alveolar height, which in turn had produced an abnormal occlusal plane and curve of Spee. The maxillary arch was expanded, the maxilla was moved downward and forward, and the mandible was moved slightly backward and rotated open to increase posterior vertical alveolar and crown height. The reconstruction of a functional occlusal plane was achieved by uprighting the posterior teeth to correct asymmetric posterior vertical alveolar and crown height, using a full multibracket system incorporating four third molars and closing the space from the missing first molars and extraction of the questionable first molars. RESULTS: A normal overbite and overjet and adequate posterior support and anterior guidance were established, achieving a better intercuspation of the posterior teeth. A favorable perioral environment was created, with widened tongue space to produce an adequate airway. A well-balanced lip profile and almost symmetric face were achieved using the four wisdom teeth without extraction of the four premolars. Subsequent mandibular growth, with development of posterior vertical alveolar height and temporomandibular joint adaptation, has resulted in an almost symmetric posterior vertical height and joint structure between right and left sides. These factors have contributed to the occlusal stability maintained for more than 5 years. CONCLUSION: In the growing patient, with missing and/or early advanced caries of the first molars, it may be more beneficial to plan occlusal improvement through extraction of the questionable first molar rather than premolar extraction. This method of treatment can equalize posterior vertical dimension and does not restrict tongue space. In addition, this treatment method addresses the clinician's concern about postorthopedic relapse due to tongue habits and eruption of the third molars.
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ranking = 0.035267070723554
keywords = caries
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16/29. Periodontal status in two siblings with severe congenital neutropenia: diagnosis and mutational analysis of the cases.

    BACKGROUND: Severe congenital neutropenia (SCN), also known as Kostmann syndrome, was originally reported as an autosomal recessive disease of neutrophil production. The disease is characterized by a maturation arrest of neutrophil precursors at the promyelocytic stage of differentiation and by extremely low levels of mature neutrophils in peripheral blood. methods: A 6-year-old male presented with a complaint of gingival swelling and bleeding, and swelling at the left side of his face. Upon clinical examination, severe inflammation of all gingival tissues was apparent, and a periapical abscess with mobility was noted on the left mandibular second molar. Medical and dental histories revealed numerous recurrent bacterial infections associated with oral and non-oral tissues. His medical history with recurrent infections led us to evaluate his 3-year-old sister to determine the status of her oral health. inflammation of her oral tissues and recurrent bacterial infections were apparent. Their consanguineous parents were in good health. To assist in identifying possible systemic diseases underlying the inflammatory situation in the siblings, consultations were requested from the Pediatric hematology Department at Selcuk University and Pediatric Oncology Department at Gulhane Military Medical Academy. RESULTS: Based on absolute neutrophil count (< or =200/mm(3)) and bone marrow aspiration findings consistent with early maturation arrest in myelopoiesis, the cases were diagnosed as SCN. No chromosomal abnormality was detected upon cytogenetic examination. Sequencing analysis also revealed no mutation in the neutrophil elastase or growth factor independent-1 (GFI-1) genes in these patients. Severe periodontal disease, attachment loss, and mobility for over 50% of the deciduous teeth were noted. Within 6 months, the male sibling lost all of his deciduous teeth due to periapical and periodontal infections. His sister presented with tooth mobility for all mandibular incisors. Monthly visits, including scaling, polishing, and 0.2% chlorhexidine digluconate irrigation were performed to support their oral hygiene and to avoid recurrent oral infections. We have been able to stabilize these patients' periodontal conditions during a 2-year follow-up period. CONCLUSION: This case report emphasizes the role of periodontists and pediatric dentists in the diagnosis of diseases linked with neutrophil and other systemic disorders and highlights the need to optimize the health of oral tissues with regular appointments.
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ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = dental
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17/29. An interdisciplinary approach for improved functional and esthetic results in a periodontally compromised adult patient.

    In contemporary dental care, an increasing number of adult patients are seeking orthodontic treatment. In such adult patients, a combined orthodontic and other specialized therapy often offers the best option for achieving a predictable outcome to solve complex clinical problems. This case report demonstrates a combined therapy with orthodontic, periodontic, and implant-prosthodontic treatments in a 56-year six-month-old female patient with mild diastemata in the maxillary anterior region and a missing left maxillary second premolar caused by a periodontal disease with medium bone loss. The patient had improved her oral hygiene condition through periodontal treatment before orthodontic treatment. The patient was orthodontically treated with a maxillary lingual arch and a maxillary edgewise orthodontic appliance. Active orthodontic treatment was completed in 18 months, and an implant-supported prosthesis was placed with a single crown in the region of the left maxillary second premolar. The treatment outcomes, including the periodontal condition and the dental implant treatment, were stable at two years after the active orthodontic treatment. We demonstrate that combined orthodontic-periodontic-implant-prosthodontic treatment can achieve an improved masticatory function, esthetics, occlusion, and periodontal condition.
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keywords = dental
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18/29. Cri du Chat syndrome: a case report.

    Cri du Chat syndrome occurs as a result of a partial deletion in the short arm of chromosome 5. Among the consequent abnormalities are low birth weight, a striking catlike cry in infancy, mental retardation, epicanthal folds, hypertelorism and dental malocclusions. This paper presents a case report on the dental treatment of a 23-year-old patient who received multidisciplinary treatment, including special education and precocious stimulation for carriers of this syndrome.
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keywords = dental
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19/29. Posttraumatic dental implant placement in a patient with maple syrup urine disease.

    maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an inborn error of metabolism resulting from a defect in the oxidation of the branched-chain amino acids leucine, isoleucine, and valine. patients present in early infancy with brain edema; delay in diagnosis and treatment is common and associated with residual neurologic damage, which includes alternating muscular hypotonia and hypertonia, dystonia, and seizures. These signs can result in trauma, especially to the anterior maxilla, which is the most traumatized region. In patients with MSUD, a fixed prosthesis is recommended because a removable one can be dangerous because of the risk of aspiration. rehabilitation, using dental implants, is especially challenging in these patients because of the strong muscular forces of the tongue and lips. An implant-supported fixed prosthesis might provide an effective functional, esthetic, and predictable solution for patients with late-treated MSUD. The present report describes a 10-year follow-up of the successful, posttraumatic use of a dental implant to replace an anterior maxillary tooth in a patient with MSUD.
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20/29. hypophosphatasia in an adult: a case report.

    In this rare case of adult hypophosphatasia, no radiological abnormalities of the skeletal system could be detected even by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Severe dental caries was the sole clinical manifestation, indicating this case as an "odontohypophosphatasia". The levels of serum osteocalcin were low, which may be a useful biochemical marker to diagnose hypophosphatasia. Southern blot analyses of the genomic dna revealed no gross abnormalities. Thus, hypophosphatasia in this patient was presumed to be caused by point mutations or small deletions. In a review of previous reports, an increased incidence among women was found.
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ranking = 0.36860040405689
keywords = dental, caries
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