Cases reported "Tracheal Neoplasms"

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1/94. The present status of bronchoscopic Nd:YAG laser.

    In japan, the first bronchoscopic Nd:YAG laser applied clinically was performed in our institute 10 years ago, and based on this decade of experience, the indications, effectiveness, and limitations were studied. Between 1980 and 1989, a total of 202 cases were treated by Nd:YAG laser in our institute. Among them, 94 (46.5%) cases were primary lung cancers, 10 (5.0%) cases were primary tracheal malignancies, 56 (27.7%) cases were metastatic tracheal tumors, 6 (3.0%) cases were benign tracheal tumors, and 36 (17.8%) cases were nontumorous tracheal lesions. The indications for Nd:YAG laser therapy were defined as emergency widening of airway, curative treatment, reduction of tumor size, nontumorous benign lesions, and hemostasis. The desired therapeutic effects were obtained in 55/58 (94.8%) for emergency airway widening, 22/27 (81.5%) for curative treatment, 69/88 (78.4%) for reduction of tumor size, and 48/68 (70.6%) for nontumorous benign lesions. While performing Nd:YAG laser treatment, some limitations, such as poor residual pulmonary function, tumor size, tumor depth, cartilage structure, granulation, and stricture length, were encountered. Since bronchoscopic Nd:YAG laser treatment has become a well-established therapeutic modality for tracheobroncheal lesions, areas to be addressed in the future are the training of bronchoscopic laser therapists and research on the extension of applications. To increase the range of clinical applications, it is hoped that makers of laser systems will provide tunable wavelength machines at reduced cost.
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ranking = 1
keywords = cancer
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2/94. life-threatening tracheal metastasis complicating ovarian cancer--a case report.

    BACKGROUND: Tracheal metastasis is a rare manifestation of recurrent ovarian cancer. CASE: We describe tracheal metastasis causing increasing respiratory distress in a patient with progressive stage IIIc undifferentiated serous-papillary cancer involving the peritoneum and pleura and the retroperitoneal, diaphragmatic, parahilar, mediastinal, pretracheal, paratracheal, and supraclavicular lymph nodes. The situation necessitated rapid endoscopic laser ablation. CONCLUSION: Malignant tracheal obstruction should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with advanced ovarian cancer and respiratory distress.
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ranking = 7
keywords = cancer
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3/94. Tall cell variant of papillary carcinoma arising from ectopic thyroid tissue in the trachea.

    Ectopic thyroid tissue within the submucosa of the trachea is a rare cause of upper airway obstruction. Primary neoplasms arising from such thyroid nests are rare. This report describes a case of tall cell variant of papillary carcinoma arising from ectopic thyroid tissue in the trachea.
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ranking = 10.372400898214
keywords = neoplasm
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4/94. Tracheal neurilemmoma mimicking bronchial asthma--a dilemma of difficult diagnosis: case report.

    Tracheal tumors are often overlooked as a cause of pulmonary symptoms until they reach an advanced state. They are often presented with a prolonged cough and shortness of breath. Most tracheal tumors in adults are cancerous (80% to 90%). Benign tracheal tumors are rare in adult patients. A case history is presented of a 19-year-old patient with a rare tracheal neurilemmoma. He was treated as having bronchial asthma initially, but his signs and symptoms did not improve with traditional therapy. The possibility of the presence of an upper airway obstruction was not raised until the typical "inspiratory tubular sound" was heard. Flow-volume loop testing, bronchoscopy, and three-dimensional computed tomography (3-D CT) confirmed the diagnosis of upper airway obstruction caused by a tracheal tumor. Therefore, surgical intervention rather than bronchoscopic removal was performed without difficulty. The patient was leading a stable life 8 months after a surgical resection. The presence of an upper airway obstruction can be proven by flow-volume loop testing and 3-D CT. Further pathologic confirmation can be accomplished by bronchoscopy. High suspicion of an upper airway obstruction such as a tracheal lesion should be raised when bronchial asthma patients fail to respond to conventional treatment.
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ranking = 1
keywords = cancer
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5/94. Successful primary radiation therapy of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lung.

    Adenoid cystic carcinoma is a distinctive malignant neoplasm generally arising from minor salivary glands, that arises infrequently as a primary tumor in the lung. Surgery has been considered the primary treatment, with radiotherapy generally utilized as adjuvant or palliative treatment. We report a patient in whom primary radiotherapy was sucessfully applied to treat adenoid cystic carcinoma involving the distal trachea, carina, and both main stem bronchi. A total dose of 66 Gy was delivered in 2-Gy fractions over a 7-week period. Clinically and histologically complete remission was achieved without evidence of disease during a 27-month follow up.
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ranking = 10.372400898214
keywords = neoplasm
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6/94. Adenoid cystic carcinoma of trachea.

    Adenoid cystic carcinoma of trachea is a rare but distinct salivary gland-type malignant neoplasm. This paper described such a case in a young female in whom the mass that progressed to cause almost complete obstruction before it was diagnosed.
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ranking = 10.372400898214
keywords = neoplasm
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7/94. Granular-cell tumor of trachea masquerading as Hurthle-cell neoplasm on fine-needle aspirate: a case report.

    We report on a case of extraluminal tracheal granular-cell tumor which was interpreted as a Hurthle-cell neoplasm of the thyroid on fine-needle aspirate. review of the literature reveals only one other such case. The patient was a 35-yr-old female who presented with an enlarged thyroid. Aspiration cytology revealed a syncytium of cells with abundant granular cytoplasm interpreted as a thyroid follicular neoplasm with Hurthle-cell change. However, histology of the resection specimen with immunohistochemistry confirmed it as a granular-cell tumor. The cytologic differential diagnosis of neoplasms with oncocytoid cytoplasm in and around the thyroid should include granular-cell tumor of the trachea.
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ranking = 72.6068062875
keywords = neoplasm
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8/94. Tracheal lipoma: a rare intrathoracic neoplasm.

    Primary tracheal lipomas are extremely rare neoplasms. The typical patient is a middle-aged man with complaints of cough and shortness of breath. Often, the diagnosis is delayed, and patients are treated for asthma or bronchitis. The diagnosis of a tracheal lipoma is best approached by computed tomography (CT) and bronchofibroscopy. Tracheobronchial lipomas may be successfully excised endoscopically or by laser therapy. Open surgical resection is required when the lipoma extends extraluminally.
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ranking = 51.862004491072
keywords = neoplasm
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9/94. A case of thyroid cancer involving the trachea: treatment by partial tracheal resection and repair with a latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flap.

    A 65 year-old man had undergone left thyroidectomy for thyroid cancer. The cancer had directly invaded the cervical esophagus and trachea and the patient was referred to our hospital for radical resection and reconstruction. Cervical computed tomography showed a mass at the left-posterior wall of the trachea. Cervical esophagectomy, resection of the left half of the trachea (6 x 3 cm) including seven rings and cervical lymph node dissection were performed. The tracheal defect was covered by a latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flap. The patient did not lose vocal function and remains alive and well 3 years after surgery without any evidence of recurrence. Latissimus dorsi muscle flap coverage of tracheal defects seems to be a useful technique in the combined resection of the trachea.
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ranking = 6
keywords = cancer
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10/94. Endoluminal laser application under percutaneous cardiopulmonary support in severe tracheal stenosis.

    Laser ablation under bronchoscopic guidance was conducted on 2 patients with severe tracheal stenosis. Case 1 was a 57-year-old man admitted to our emergency unit because asphyxia. bronchoscopy showed the lumen occluded at the bifurcation by tracheal cancer. Case 2 was a 62-year-old woman who underwent tracheostomy elsewhere for respiratory failure caused by a brain contusion and was treated for 3 months. After transfer to our emergency unit, bronchoscopy showed severe tracheal stenosis. Tracheoplasty conducted under bronchoscopy used a noncontact Nd:YAG laser at an output of 10-40 W and irradiation time of 1 second per shot. Total irradiation energy was 1700-1900 J. Percutaneous cardiopulmonary support was used during the laser procedure due to asphyxia. All procedures were completed satisfactorily and clinical symptoms improved dramatically in both cases. Laser tracheoplasty under bronchoscopic guidance treated severe stenosis safely and completely. Percutaneous cardiopulmonary support was very useful in preventing severe respiratory failure or asphyxia during this procedure.
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ranking = 1
keywords = cancer
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