Cases reported "Tracheomalacia"

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1/3. Acute abdomen in infants of adolescent mothers: diagnostic challenges.

    Caring for children of adolescent parents presents unique challenges. Because adolescent parents may lack parenting skills and knowledge of medical terminology, symptoms of life-threatening illnesses may be misinterpreted. We present two cases of unexpected acute abdomen in young infants with adolescent mothers. The first case involves midgut volvulus, which was discovered during a routine newborn visit. The second case, involving pyloric stenosis, presented a clinical management challenge when the adolescent mother refused diagnostic studies.
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ranking = 1
keywords = stenosis
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2/3. Intrathoracic gastric volvulus mimicking pyloric stenosis.

    A 5-week-old-infant presented to hospital following the acute onset of non-bilious vomiting with clinical and acid-base features suggestive of pyloric stenosis. A chest radiograph obtained because of intercurrent infection unexpectedly revealed a left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia. A barium meal demonstrated the presence of an intrathoracic gastric volvulus, requiring urgent surgical management. We discuss the presentation and management of this rare surgical cause of non-bilious vomiting in infancy.
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ranking = 5
keywords = stenosis
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3/3. hematocolpos associated with a remote history of chronic vaginitis and a diagnostic vaginal biopsy: a case report.

    Bacterial vaginitis is commonly seen in the pediatric population. Severe or recurrent cases may be associated with ulcerative lesions. We report a case of vaginal biopsies of ulcerative lesions in a 9-year-old which led to severe vaginal adhesions, stenosis, and hematocolpos. A vaginoscopy and resection from below were not successful and an exploratory laparotomy with uterine perforation and sounding into the upper vagina were required to reopen the lower vaginal canal. We recommend the limited use of vaginal biopsies in the face of a typical vaginitis presentation, and aggressive treatment to promote mucosa healing when biopsies are required.
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ranking = 1
keywords = stenosis
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