Cases reported "Translocation, Genetic"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/315. Translocation of chromosomes 11 and 22 in choroidal metastatic Ewing sarcoma detected by fluorescent in situ hybridization.

    PURPOSE: To describe a patient with metastasis of Ewing sarcoma to the choroid and the molecular genetics of the tumor. methods: A 26-year-old woman with metastatic Ewing sarcoma developed large choroidal masses in the left eye and died 2 months later. autopsy of the eyes was performed. Dual-color fluorescent in situ hybridization was used to detect genetic alteration in the ocular tumor with EWS and FLI-1 probes. RESULTS: Histopathology confirmed choroidal metastatic Ewing sarcoma. Molecular analysis showed chromosomal translocation t(11;22)(q24;q12) or EWS/FLI-1 rearrangement in the malignant cells of the eye. CONCLUSIONS: Ewing sarcoma can rarely metastasize to the uvea. Molecular detection of the t(11;22)(q24;q12) translocation in Ewing sarcoma is valuable in the differential diagnosis of small round cell tumors.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = sarcoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/315. diagnosis of disseminated alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma using cytogenetics: case report.

    The clinical, histologic and cytogenetic features of a patient with the alveolar subtype of rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) were investigated. The patient presented with a widely disseminated tumour including bone marrow involvement, and was a diagnostic dilemma. The presence of translocation (2;13)(q37;q14), which is strongly associated with alveolar RMS helped make the diagnosis. A review of other published cases confirms the strong association of (2;13) with alveolar RMS. The importance of considering RMS as a differential diagnosis in patients presenting with disseminated tumour as the only finding is stressed. This case also shows how cytogenetic investigation of similar patients may provide a diagnosis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.55555555555556
keywords = sarcoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/315. Translocation (11;22)(q24;q12) in a small cell tumor of the thigh in a 2-year-old boy: immunohistology, cytogenetics, molecular genetics, and review of the literature.

    A case of a 2-year-old boy with a palpable mass in the left thigh is presented. Incisional biopsy was performed and subsequent histopathological examination revealed an infiltrative tumor composed of relatively large cells. The tumor cells were immunoreactive for vimentin and keratin, but not for desmin or smooth muscle actin. cytogenetic analysis showed a 46,XY,t(11;22)(q24;q12) karyotype. The translocation (11;22)(q24;q12) is said to be characteristic for the family of Ewing's sarcoma and related tumors. As a result of the t(11;22)(q24;q12) the EWS gene on chromosome 22q12 joins the 3' part of FLI-1 gene on chromosome 11q24, which encodes a member of the ets family of transcriptional regulators. Using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) a corresponding EWS-FLI-1 fusion product was detected. Additional immunohistological staining for p30/p32MIC2, which is suggestive, but not specific for Ewing's sarcoma, appeared to be weakly positive. In the current case a diagnosis of Ewing's sarcoma was considered unlikely, because of the location of the tumor and the immunohistological profile. Nevertheless it was decided to treat the patient according to a Ewing's sarcoma protocol based on the genotype of the tumor. The findings were compared with other extraosseous pediatric small cell tumors showing the t(11;22)(q24;q12) described in the literature.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.44444444444444
keywords = sarcoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/315. dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans harboring t(9;22)(q32;q12.2).

    More than 20 cases of dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) exhibiting chromosomal abnormalities have been reported. Approximately three fourths of these tumors have harbored supernumerary ring chromosomes, which have been suggested to be specific for this tumor. However, a small number of DFSPs with translocations such as t(2;17), t(X;7), and t(17;22) have recently been reported. We report a DFSP arising in a 23-year-old woman which unexpectedly exhibited the balanced translocation, t(9;22)(q32;q12.2) as the only anomaly with G-band technique. Dual-color fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) confirmed these cytogenetic findings. Similar to that previously reported for DFSPs with translocations, the present tumor also lacked ring chromosomes.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.55555555555556
keywords = sarcoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/315. Detection of a variant SYT-SSX1 fusion in a case of predominantly epithelioid synovial sarcoma.

    BACKGROUND: The translocation t(X;18)(p11.2;q11.2) characterizes synovial sarcoma, fusing the SYT gene at 18q11.2 to either SSX1 or SSX2 at Xp11.2. The usual chimeric product fuses SYT codon 379 to SSX1 or SSX2 codon 111. To date only three variant fusions have been identified. A predominantly epithelioid synovial sarcoma that expressed a novel variant of the SYT-SSX1 fusion is described. methods AND RESULTS: The current case was tested for the SYT-SSX fusion by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by sequencing of the PCR product. Analysis revealed a 673 bp SYT-SSX1 chimeric product characterized by a novel junction of SYT codon 379 to SSX1 codon 83 with a 6 bp insertion at the fusion junction. CONCLUSION: As the number of reported variations of the SYT-SSX chimeric fusion increases in synovial sarcoma, the mechanics of the translocation machinery and the functional significance of these chimeric fusions will be better understood.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.77777777777778
keywords = sarcoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/315. A rare chimeric TLS/FUS-CHOP transcript in a patient with multiple liposarcomas: a case report.

    Myxoid liposarcomas harbor a unique and specific t(12;16)(q13,p11) chromosomal translocation. The breakpoint has recently been identified, and involvement of the TLS/FUS gene on chromosome 16 and the CHOP gene on chromosome 12 was demonstrated. We report a case of a 45-year-old woman who developed multiple malignant lipomatous tumors of unknown origin and myxoid/round cell histology at different locations. To examine the diagnostic potential of this translocation and to develop a hypothesis on the origin of the tumors, we used cytogenetic and molecular cytogenetic methods (reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, RT-PCR). We identified a chimeric rna transcript in the second recurrence in the thigh/groin, as well as in another tumor in the mediastinum, which has an additional sequence of 33 bp, known as fusion transcript type III. cytogenetic analysis of another tumor in retroperitoneal space revealed a rare type of unbalanced translocation der(16)t(12;16). We hypothesize that these tumors are metastases rather than multicentric tumors. The detection of the chimeric message in the present case is not only useful for differential diagnosis, but also for analyzing the origin of multiple neoplasms.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.55555555555556
keywords = sarcoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/315. A new human synovial sarcoma cell line, HS-SY-3, with a truncated form of hybrid SYT/SSX1 gene.

    Recent cytogenetical and molecular studies have indicated that synovial sarcoma harbors a t(X;18)(p11.2;q11.2) translocation, resulting in the formation of a hybrid SYT/SSX (SSX1 or SSX2) gene. We newly established a human cell line, HS-SY-3, from a synovial sarcoma. HS-SY-3 cells were shown to harbor the pathognomonic t(X;18)(p11.2;q11.2) translocation by chromosome analysis but not to exhibit the classical hybrid SYT/SSX transcripts induced by this translocation, using RT-PCR. To determine the reason for this discrepancy, we analyzed cDNA from HS-SY-3 cells, as well as the original sarcoma tissue by the rapid amplification of cDNA 3' end assay, and found that the chimaeric cDNA was 240 bp shorter than the previously established SYT/SSX1 cDNA due to truncation of the 3' side of SSX1. The HS-SY-3 cells should be useful for future functional studies of the SYT/SSX chimeric gene.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.77777777777778
keywords = sarcoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/315. Translocation (15;17)(q22;q21) as a secondary chromosomal abnormality in a case of acute monoblastic leukemia with tetrasomy 8.

    We describe a case of acute monoblastic leukemia (AML M5a), originally presenting as granulocytic sarcoma of the testis, showing unusual cytogenetic abnormalities. tetrasomy 8 (primary) and t(15;17)(q22;q21) (secondary) were detected in bone marrow cells 6 months post-diagnosis, both by routine karyotype analysis and by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies on metaphases and interphase nuclei. Retrospectively, the same abnormalities were identified in the primary testicular lesion using interphase FISH. However, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) did not reveal the presence of a classic PML/RAR alpha fusion transcript. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case to be reported in the literature of AML showing tetrasomy 8 in combination with secondary t(15;17).
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.11111111111111
keywords = sarcoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/315. Primary pericardial synovial sarcoma with detection of the chimeric transcript SYT-SSX.

    We report a case of a 19-year-old woman with a primary pericardial synovial sarcoma that extended from the right ventricular free wall to the posterior aspect of the left anterior thoracic wall. Synovial sarcoma was diagnosed by the detection of the chimeric transcript SYT-SSX using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). This transcript is generated by reciprocal translocation between chromosomes X and 18, and is specific to synovial sarcoma that usually occurs in the extremities of young adults. When pathological and immunohistochemical diagnosis of synovial sarcoma is difficult, the molecular biological technique using RT-PCR becomes a powerful method of confirmation of this neoplasm.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.88888888888889
keywords = sarcoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/315. Clinical aspects of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma with translocation t(1;13)(p36;q14) and hypotetraploidy.

    Although most cases of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) are characterized by the chromosomal translocation t(2;13)(q35;q14), several cases have been reported with a variant t(1;13)(p36;q14). We present the clinical, morphological and cytogenetic features of an alveolar RMS in a 4-year-old boy. Chromosomal analysis revealed a hypertriploid to hypotetraploid karyotype with a t(1;13)(p36;q14) in all tumor cells. It appears that alveolar RMS with t(1;13) occurs in younger children and displays a higher incidence to upper and lower extremity than tumors with t(2;13).
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.55555555555556
keywords = sarcoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Translocation, Genetic'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.