Cases reported "Tremor"

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1/7. Vocal tremor reduction with deep brain stimulation.

    We present a case illustration of the significant effect that deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the thalamus can have on vocal tremor. A 72-year-old female with a history of essential tremor was noted preoperatively to have a moderate vocal tremor (3 on a scale of 1-5). Following bilateral DBS of the thalamus, the vocal tremor rating improved to 1. Acoustic analysis demonstrated her vocal tremor to be affecting the amplitude of her voice at 5.58 Hz preoperatively, at 1. 93 Hz postoperatively with both leads on and at 1.54 Hz with only the left lead on. A videotaped endoscopic view of the patient's vocal cords (presented at the 1999 ASSFN meeting) clearly illustrated the dramatic changes apparent in the vocal tremor when the stimulators were turned on and off.
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ranking = 1
keywords = voice
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2/7. A Yorkshire family with adult-onset cranio-cervical primary torsion dystonia.

    Although a family history is described in approximately 20% of patients, large families with adult-onset craniocervical primary (idiopathic) torsion dystonia (PTD) are rare. We report a new British family with cranio-cervical dystonia. Seventeen members of the family were examined. Five cases were diagnosed as definite PTD and one as probable PTD. Mean age at onset was 29 years (range, 19-40 yrs). The phenotype was characterized by adult-onset cranio-cervical dystonia in all affected cases. A few cases had additional voice tremor and/or postural arm tremor. The GAG deletion in the DYT1 gene was excluded in the index case. Linkage analysis was performed between the disease and several marker loci spanning DYT6 and DYT7 regions, and haplotypes were reconstructed in all subjects. Although linkage analysis was not completely informative, reconstructed haplotypes excluded linkage between the disease and either DYT6 or DYT7. This report confirms that familial cranio-cervical dystonia is genetically heterogeneous, and further studies of other PTD families with similar clinical features are needed to identify other new genes.
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ranking = 1
keywords = voice
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3/7. The treatment of essential voice tremor with botulinum toxin A: a longitudinal case report.

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of bilateral botulinum toxin injection into the thyroarytenoid (TA) muscles of a patient with essential voice tremor. Acoustic and aerodynamic data were collected weekly over a 16-week period. Flexible nasolaryngoscopy was performed prior to injection and 2, 6, 10, and 16 weeks postinjection. Perceptual analyses of the acoustic and nasolaryngoscopic data were performed. A reduction in frequency tremor and, to a lesser extent, amplitude tremor was observed during the 1-10 week period. Estimated laryngeal resistance decreased after injection and was accompanied in perceptual measures by a reduction in vocal effort, laryngeal tremor, and supraglottic hyperfunction. Essential voice tremor can be successfully attenuated with bilateral percutaneous injection of botulinum toxin A into the vocalis muscle.
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ranking = 6
keywords = voice
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4/7. Vocal tremor reduction with deep brain stimulation: a preliminary report.

    Vocal tremor has been a challenging problem for patients and their physicians. In some cases, it has been possible to lesson the symptom's tremor through medications and/or voice therapy. However, in most cases no good treatment has been available. Chronic stimulation of the thalamus has been successful in controlling tremors of the upper limb and other portions of the body. Our preliminary experience suggests that it may also be helpful in controlling vocal tremor.
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ranking = 1
keywords = voice
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5/7. Orthostatic tremor associated with voice tremor.

    We report a 67-year-old female with orthostatic and voice tremor. Her orthostatic tremor mainly affected her lower extremities, alternating between antagonist muscle groups at a frequency of 4.4-4.8 Hz. The voice tremor ranged between 4.8 and 8.8 Hz. In this case, the frequency of voice tremor was same as that of orthostatic tremor, suggesting a common origin from a tremor-generating mechanism. These tremors were diagnosed as 'forme fruste' of the essential tremor, not the incipient stage of Parkinson's disease. Medications including clonazepam, perphenazine, Dopa and trihexyphenidyl hydrochloride had no effect on both the orthostatic and voice tremors, but propranolol was somewhat beneficial on voice tremor.
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ranking = 9
keywords = voice
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6/7. essential tremor variants: effect of treatment.

    essential tremor may not represent a single condition. Subclassifications include kinetic predominant tremor; combined resting-postural tremor; primary writing tremor; isolated voice, chin, or tongue tremor; and orthostatic truncal tremor. We report patients with these disorders. An association of these conditions with essential tremor is suggested by a high occurrence of a family history of essential tremor, frequent presence of a mild postural tremor, and tremor reduction with alcohol ingestion. Pharmacologic responsiveness is different for these disorders. propranolol and primidone often have beneficial effects but clonazepam was the only drug effective in some cases of kinetic predominant tremor and in orthostatic truncal tremor. Combined resting-postural tremor and voice tremor were often unresponsive to treatment.
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ranking = 2
keywords = voice
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7/7. A case of vocal cord nodules masking essential (voice) tremor.

    essential tremor is a progressive, potentially debilitating disorder that may be manifested in the voice only. In the case we report, the signs occurred concurrently with the voice characteristics of vocal cord nodules but were subtle. The mildness of the voice tremor precluded treatment at this time, although the results of medical management for the disorder have not been impressive. It is probable that some patients with severe essential (voice) tremor have undergone recurrent laryngeal nerve resection for the disorder.
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ranking = 8
keywords = voice
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