Cases reported "Treponemal Infections"

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1/6. Bilateral treponema periostitis.

    Symmetrical exuberant periostitis is a rare disease caused by variety of infectious and non-infectious causes. Treponematosis is one of the rare causes of this condition. We report a patient who presented with left arm swelling, secondary to onion peel periostitis of the humerus, which was caused by treponema species. ( info)

2/6. Treponemal infection coexisting with systemic lupus erythematosus.

    A patient with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)/erosive arthritis overlap is described who was also shown to have late latent treponemal infection. The possibility of serological reactivation is discussed. Since antiphospholipid antibodies are the basis of the reagin tests for syphilis as well as being present in patients with SLE, difficulties with diagnosis may ensue. ( info)

3/6. Resolution of furcation bone loss after non-surgical root canal treatment: application of a peptidase-detection kit for treatment of type I endoperiodontal lesion.

    Here, we report the management of a type I endoperiodontal lesion with furcation bone loss. A 59-year-old female attended our hospital with the chief complaint of mobility of tooth 46 and recurrent gingival swelling around the tooth. She previously received dental treatment from two dentists, but her condition did not improve. The tooth manifested the symptoms of typical periodontitis, such as gingival swelling, tooth mobility, pus discharge from the periodontal pocket and furcation bone loss. The tooth had no caries and the pulp reacted to an electric pulp test. Careful examination of the gingiva revealed traces of dental fistula. X-ray examination via a gutta percha inserted into the fistula revealed that furcation bone loss was associated with the periapical lesion. We diagnosed a type I endoperiodontal lesion, and applied Periocheck, a detection kit for peptidase-producing bacteria, to check for decreases in bacteria in the furcation and root canals. Soon after non-surgical root canal treatment, the condition of tooth 46 improved without periodontal treatment. After confirming a negative score with Periocheck, the root canal was filled. After 3 months, the furcation bone loss was on the way to recovery. These results indicate that proper diagnosis and confirmation of a decrease in root canal bacteria are important for treating endoperiodontal lesions. ( info)

4/6. Human treponematosis and tuberculosis: evidence from the New World.

    The purpose of this study has been first, to critically review the evidence for the presence of human treponematosis and tuberculosis in the skeletal remains of prehistoric natives in the New World, and second, to report on nine new cases dated to before contact and suggesting the presence of these two disease conditions. A review of the medical history and findings by human paleopathologists leaves little doubt that both diseases originated in the Old World. The findings of this study lend further support to the fact that, although rare, human treponematosis and tuberculosis were indeed endemic in the pre-Columbia New World before contact. There is no evidence that these two diseases could have arisen independently and de novo, especially during the relatively short time since man's arrival in the New World. Where a disease has been endemic for quite some time as appears to be the case with human treponematosis and tuberculosis, milder forms of the disease and improved host response could have developed in which only the most severe cases would be observable. This explains the rarity of skeletal lesions suggestive of these two human disease conditions in prehistoric human populations. ( info)

5/6. Burned-out endemic syphilis (Bejel): facial deformities and defects in saudi arabia.

    Endemic syphilis (bejel) is an endemic, contagious, non-sexually transmitted treponematosis of primitive communities which, if not treated, can cause deformities and defects of the face in its late stage. Several burned-out cases from saudi arabia are shown, and the techniques of plastic surgical repair are presented by word and illustrations. We describe in detail a total rhinoplasty (with panfacial reconstruction) in which a scalping flap was used as outer cover and superimposed on a classical island forehead flap based on a subcutaneous pedicle containing both frontal vessels for inner lining. ( info)

6/6. Bejel in Malatya, turkey.

    Bejel is a form of endemic syphilis which is transmitted by non-venereal route. According to our knowledge, no cases of bejel have been reported from turkey for more than 30 years. In this report, three children and their father who suffer from bejel are presented. The history, physical findings, laboratory investigations, treatment and results of the cases are reviewed, and the related literature is discussed. ( info)

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