Cases reported "Trismus"

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1/14. tongue piercing. The new "rusty nail"?

    BACKGROUND: Cephalic tetanus is a rare form of the tetanus caused primarily by wounds or other infectious processes involving the head and neck. This condition frequently progresses to the generalized form of tetanus with the attendant risks and complications. methods: A case report of a young female who developed an unusual form of tetanus after a tongue piercing is presented here. We discuss this disorder as it applies to the contemporary caregiver with a focus on its presentation and recognition. RESULTS: A delay in diagnosis of 13 days from presentation occurred. The patient had a slow, uneventful but incomplete recovery course. She never developed significant airway compromise, nor did she demonstrate any evidence of hemodynamic instability but continued to have right facial weakness up to 6 months after discharge. CONCLUSIONS: A few factors were identified that contributed to the significant delay in diagnosis. The unusual nature of the disease and a lowered index of suspicion on the part of the initial caregivers were probably the major causes. Fortunately, no major adverse sequelae resulted from the delay. However, if this case heralds the onset of a rise in the incidence of tetanus, early recognition and diagnosis would seem essential to avoid much of the morbidity and mortality associated with the disease.
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keywords = neck
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2/14. Oral complications of cancer treatment.

    This report describes the oral complications that may occur in patients who have undergone radiotherapy of the head and neck for the treatment of cancer. It highlights modalities available for reducing and managing these treatment-related consequences. It also discusses the difficulties encountered by the dental health professional providing care for these patients.
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keywords = neck
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3/14. myositis ossificans traumatica of the temporal muscle: a case report.

    myositis ossificans traumatica (MOT) is a pathological condition characterized by extraskeletal formation of bony tissue, induced by violent or repeated trauma. Reports of this pathology occurring in the region of the head and neck are rare, and even more so in the muscles of mastication. We present the case of patient with MOT of the temporal muscle, the etiology of which seems to be related to traumatic manipulations during dental treatment. A review of the literature is presented and the surgical approach, which resolved this case is discussed.
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keywords = neck
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4/14. Severe trismus secondary to periosteal osteogenesis after fibula free flap maxillary reconstruction.

    BACKGROUND: fibula free tissue transfer is routinely used for reconstruction of bony defects in the head and neck. During flap preparation, well-vascularized periosteum is left adjacent to the proximal vascular pedicle. It is known that periosteum can have significant osteogenic potential in the proper settings. Complications related to periosteal osteogenesis of a fibula free flap pedicle have not been previously reported. CASE history: A 12-year-old girl with a history of squamous cell carcinoma of the maxilla underwent delayed fibula free flap reconstruction of a maxillary defect. The patient had severe trismus develop postoperatively and was found to have osteogenesis along the vascular pedicle. This bone formed a solid bridge from the maxilla to the mandible. Two resections were required, which included excision of the vascular pedicle, to eliminate further osteogenesis and resolve the patient's trismus. CONCLUSIONS: The potential for periosteal osteogenesis does exist with fibula free tissue transfer and can have significant consequences. Potential promoters of osteogenesis should be identified and if possible altered in certain clinical scenarios to prevent complications from new bone growth.
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keywords = neck
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5/14. Modified use of a dynamic bite opener--treatment and prevention of trismus in a child with head and neck cancer: a case report.

    trismus may be a complication arising during or after treatment of patients with head and neck cancer. Treatment of trismus is difficult, making prevention very important. To prevent and treat trismus in a patient with a nasopharyngeal tumor, the Contract-Relax-Antagonist-Contract (CRAC) technique was applied, with the aid of a custom-made dynamic bite opener (DBO). The CRAC technique in combination with the DBO, as a therapy/prevention program for trismus, is not referred to in the literature. The combination of CRAC and DBO appeared to be a gentle and effective method well tolerated by the patient.
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ranking = 5
keywords = neck
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6/14. Needle-wire localization of an infratemporal fossa foreign body using computed tomography.

    We report a case involving the localization and surgical removal of a traumatically introduced foreign body deep within the infratemporal fossa. Needle-hookwire placement with computed tomographic guidance allowed the precise localization and marking of the foreign body. Surgical removal under local anesthesia and without extensive exploration was, therefore, possible. The details of the localization and marking techniques are described. Needle-hookwire localization under computed tomographic guidance should be considered for deeply located foreign bodies in the head and neck area.
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keywords = neck
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7/14. An unusual complication of mandibular distraction.

    BACKGROUND: The authors present an unusual complication of mandibular distraction in a child with the curious condition of multiple pterygium syndrome is presented. CASE REPORT: The patient was a Caucasian male with severe pterygia in his neck. As a result of his limited mouth opening and restricted upper airway leading to obstruction, he underwent lengthening of his mandible by distraction, which significantly improved his breathing. During his follow-up, it was observed that an unusually elongated permanent molar was present in an abnormal position. CONCLUSION: This case highlights the need to carefully plan the sites for osteotomy and the potential for damage to the developing permanent dentition in young children.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neck
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8/14. Malignant paraganglioma. Report of a case and review of the Japanese literature.

    An unusual case of malignant paraganglioma that manifested itself as pain in the temporomandibular joint and trismus and later manifested itself as a rapidly growing neck mass is described. Computed tomography revealed a huge mass with upward and downward extension in the infratemporal fossa. radiotherapy was completely ineffective. At autopsy, a malignant paraganglioma with multiple metastases was found, but the site of origin could not be determined because of the size and extent. One hundred and ninety-one cases of paraganglioma of the head and neck published in the Japanese literature were analyzed with regard to their site, clinical, radiographic and microscopic features as well as treatment and results.
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keywords = neck
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9/14. Multifocal idiopathic fibrosis presenting as facial pain and trismus.

    An unusual case of idiopathic sclerosing fibrosis is described in which there was involvement of the face, neck, mediastinum and lungs with sparing of the thyroid and retroperitoneal tissues. In contrast to previous cases, facial pain and limitation of jaw movements were the presenting complaints and major causes of disability. prednisolone treatment failed to arrest the disease.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neck
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10/14. Facial trismus and myofascial pain associated with infections and malignant disease. Report of five cases.

    Five cases of facial pain and limited jaw opening, which include two infections, two primary carcinomas, and one metastatic carcinoma, each imitating TMJ dysfunction, are presented. These cases emphasize the importance of (1) a thorough working knowledge of the differential diagnosis of facial pain and limited jaw opening; (2) a complete evaluation, including a review of an adequate medical history as well as a full head and neck examination; and (3) the ability to make use of diagnostic radiographs, including computerized tomography.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neck
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