Cases reported "Trisomy"

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1/2411. Partial trisomy 9q--chromosomal syndrome.

    The clinical features consisting mainly of enophthalmos, beaked nose, narrow palpebral fissures, receding chin, long fingers and toes, typical for chromsomal syndrome or partial trisomy 9q, were confirmed in a new case. ( info)

2/2411. Partial trisomy 20p derived from a t(18;20) translocation.

    Two sibs show a strikingly concordant syndrome of congenital anomalies and G-banding reveals that each has partial trisomy 20p resulting from a t(18;20) translocation. They resemble other cases of partial trisomy 20p in some respects but also differ in some ways. Their normal sib, mother, and half-aunt are balanced heterozygotes for the t(18;20) translocation. The segregation of the balanced translocation in this family is associated with an extremely poor reproductive record. The segregation pattern closely parallels that of a t(13;20) translocation in a family described by Carrel et al. (1971) and Francke (1972). The similarity of segregation patterns is predictable on the basis of probable pachytene configurations, but the dissimilarity of phenotypes between families is not readily explained. ( info)

3/2411. Possible intrachromosomal duplication in a case of trisomy 9p.

    A 5-year-old boy with multiple minor anomalies and mental retardation was found to have chromosomal condition of 46,XY,inv dup(9p) (pter leads to p13::p21 leads to p24::p13 leads to qter). The clinical features of the propositus fit well with those of trisomy 9p which have been established to be a clinical entity. ( info)

4/2411. trisomy 4p due to a paternal t(4p-;16p ) translocation.

    A patient is described carrying a duplication 4p12 leads to pter due to a paternal translocation: 46,XY,t(4;16) (p12;p13). Involvement of chromosome No. 16 and the heterogeneity of the clinical picture in cases with dup (4p) are discussed. ( info)

5/2411. trisomy 9 associated with an enlarged 9qh segment in a liveborn.

    This report describes the third case of a complete trisomy 9 in a liveborn infant. A tentative explanation for the origin of a "very large" h-segment which was not present in either parent of the proposita is put forward. ( info)

6/2411. trisomy 6 associated with aplastic anemia.

    A clone with 47 chromosomes was observed in the bone marrow of a patient with aplastic anemia and found to be trisomic for chromosome 6. The abnormal clone was not observed in the peripheral blood. ( info)

7/2411. trisomy 9 in a patient with secondary acute myelogenous leukemia detected by fluorescent in situ hybridization.

    Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) is a molecular cytogenetic technique that is playing an increasingly important role for augmenting the findings of conventional cytogenetics. Here we present the case history of a patient with the clinical diagnosis of secondary acute myelogenous leukemia whose bone marrow cells were found to be hyperdiploid with an extra C group chromosome in a less than optimal preparation. By using FISH the extra chromosome was unequivocally determined to be a chromosome 9. The detection of trisomy 9 in this patient underscores the utility of FISH as an adjunct to GTG banding in the routine diagnosis and management of leukemic patients. ( info)

8/2411. Partial monosomy and partial trisomy 18 in two offspring of carrier of pericentric inversion of chromosome 18.

    A pericentric inversion of chromosome 18 is described in the mother of a patient with clinical diagnosis of 18q--syndrome. The propositus' chromosome complement includes the recombinant 18 with deficiency of the distal one-third of the long arm and duplication of the terminal segment of the short arm. The propositus' sister carrier the recombinant 18 with a duplication of the distal one-third of the long arm and a deficiency of the terminal segment of the short arm. The relative length of the inverted segment represents about 60% of the total chromosome 18 length. The probability of recombinant formation following the occurrence of a chiasma within the inverted segment is predicted to be high. ( info)

9/2411. De novo mosaic add(3) characterized to be trisomy 14q31-qter using spectral karyotyping and subtelomeric probes.

    We describe a 19-year-old patient with a de novo mosaic add(3) chromosome (extra material of unknown origin on the 3q). The use of spectral karyotyping and fluorescence in situ hybridization using subtelomeric probes permitted the full characterization of the cytogenetic abnormality. The additional material on 3q was found to originate from 14q31-qter. This is one of the few reported cases with trisomy 14q31-qter and is the first mosaic case. ( info)

10/2411. Recurrent short rib-polydactyly syndrome with unusual associations.

    short rib-polydactyly syndrome (SRPS) is manifested by short-limb dwarfism, short ribs with thoracic hypoplasia, and polydactyly. This inheritable syndrome has distinct imaging findings on prenatal sonography, and ancillary findings on both pre- and postnatal assessments may enable individual cases to be classified into 1 of 4 subtypes. In this report, we present a recurrent case of SRPS that was associated with a cystic hygroma and choroid plexus cysts. Although cystic hygromas are not uncommonly seen in skeletal dysplasias, the presence of concomitant cystic hygroma and choroid plexus cysts suggests a chromosomal abnormality such as trisomy 18. ( info)
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