Cases reported "Tuberculosis, Laryngeal"

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1/6. Laryngeal tuberculosis in renal transplant recipients.

    BACKGROUND: tuberculosis is the most common non-pyogenic infection encountered among renal transplant recipients in india. Although the lung is the most common site of involvement, a number of extrapulmonary organs can be involved. There is often a delay in diagnosis and institution of effective chemotherapy when there is an unusual site of involvement. methods AND RESULTS: We report two renal transplant recipients with laryngeal tuberculosis who presented with prolonged hoarseness of voice and painful dysphagia. Acid-fast bacilli were demonstrated on laryngeal biopsy and smear. fever and pulmonary involvement were seen in only one patient. This is the first report of laryngeal tuberculosis in renal transplant recipients. CONCLUSIONS: Laryngeal tuberculosis should be suspected in renal transplant recipients who develop hoarseness of voice and odynophagia. Demonstration of acid-fast bacilli on biopsy or smear obtained by direct laryngoscopy helps in determining the diagnosis.
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2/6. actinomycosis of the vocal cord: a case report.

    A 30-year-old Chinese lady was admitted for hoarseness of voice of one month's duration. Clinical examination revealed a granuloma of the left vocal cord while chest X-ray showed an opacity in the lower lobe of the right lung. The provisional clinical diagnosis was tuberculous laryngitis. A biopsy of the vocal cord lesion revealed inflamed tissue with actinomycotic colonies. Cultures and sputum smears did not reveal any tuberculous bacilli. The patient responded to a 6-week course of intravenous C-penicillin, regaining her voice on day 5 of commencement of antibiotics. A subsequent CT scan of the neck and thorax revealed multiple non-cavitating nodular lesions in both lung fields, felt to be indicative of resolving actinomycosis. She was discharged well after completion of treatment. It was felt that this is a case of primary actinomycosis of the vocal cord with probably secondary pulmonary actinomycosis.
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3/6. Pseudo tumoral laryngeal tuberculosis.

    An 11-year-old female child presented with high grade intermittent fever and cough for a duration of 6-7 months and hoarseness of voice for 6 months. Skiagram of the chest showed evidence of miliary mottling. Direct laryngoscopic examination revealed inflammatory swelling over left vocal cord. The biopsy of the swelling showed chronic granulomatous lesion. Patient improved remarkably with anti-tubercular therapy.
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4/6. A young man with hoarseness of voice.

    A 45 year-old driver presented with a two months history of hoarseness, fever, productive cough, anorexia and weight loss. He chewed tobacco. He was previously seen and treated without benefit by a family Physician and two ear, nose and throat consultants. Crackles were heard in the left scapular region. An X-Ray of the chest showed a right apical cavity, perihilar infiltrates and blunting of left costophrenic angle. His sputum smear showed acid fast bacilli. A high index of suspicion for tuberculosis is recommended while dealing with such cases. Complete recovery of patient's voice with anti-tubercular therapy confirmed it was a case of laryngeal tuberculosis.
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5/6. Effects of laryngeal tuberculosis on vocal fold functions: case report.

    Laryngeal tuberculosis is the most common granulomatous disease of the larynx. In this study, the videostroboscopic findings and vocal assessments of a 28-year-old female with laryngeal and pulmonary tuberculosis were evaluated. Although it can be treated successfully, tuberculosis of the larynx may cause irreversible changes in voice quality which is very important for vocal professionals.
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6/6. Laryngeal tuberculosis: an unsuspected danger.

    It is always important to treat conditions which may be cancerous with respect and, where there is suspicion, to take biopsies for histological examination. A hoarse voice may, in addition, be a sign of tuberculosis of the larynx, and the clinical appearance can be similar to a carcinoma. Preoperative chest x-ray (not always performed) and an awareness by the histologist of such a possibility are important now that this condition is increasing in frequency in parallel with conditions where immunological status is compromised.
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