Cases reported "Tuberculosis, Meningeal"

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1/1. Tuberculous meningitis with initial manifestation of isolated oculomotor nerve palsy.

    Tuberculous meningitis (TB meningitis) is a subacute meningitis known for its various form of initial manifestations, which often make early diagnosis difficult. The present case report demonstrates a patient with TB meningitis, who had initial manifestation of isolated right oculomotor nerve palsy. High vigilance is needed in diagnosing TB meningitis. A 75 year-old female was hospitalized due to acute onset of right side ptosis. Thorough neurological examination at admission revealed isolated right oculomotor nerve palsy. brain magnetic resonance imaging and cerebral angiography showed no specific finding. Lumbar puncture was performed two days later due to low grade fever. cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) study and the polymerase chain reaction on CSF confirmed the diagnosis of TB meningitis. Because TB meningitis is a chronic disease, cranial nerve palsies are common manifestations. This report suggests that TB meningitis should be a disease of differential diagnosis for isolated oculomotor nerve palsy.
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