Cases reported "Tuberculosis, Miliary"

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1/241. A case of cryptic miliary tuberculosis mimicking cholecystitis with sepsis.

    Miliary tuberculosis is a rare form of tuberculosis in industrialized countries. We report on a 69-year-old woman presenting a sepsis syndrome caused by cryptic miliary tuberculosis clinically mimicking a case of cholecystitis with sepsis. The patient died of a multi-organ failure on day 6 of her hospital stay.
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keywords = tuberculosis
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2/241. Pulmonary miliary tuberculosis with multiple intracerebral tuberculous granulomas--report of two cases.

    Although intracerebral tuberculomas are common in countries where tuberculosis is still endemic, miliary tuberculosis with involvement of the central nervous system is exceptionally rare. We report two cases of pulmonary miliary tuberculosis with multiple intracerebral tuberculomas.
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keywords = tuberculosis
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3/241. Fulminant lethal tuberculous pneumonia (sepsis tuberculosis gravissima) with ARDS in a non-immunocompromised western European middle-aged man.

    We report the case of a 42 years old, non-immunocompromised native Austrian living in Vienna. He presented at home with severe dyspnea and had to be intubated immediately. Shortly after hospital admission, he developed severe adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and septic shock with massive, bilobar patchy to confluent infiltrations and a need for norepinephrine. A CT-scan revealed severe loss of functional lung tissue with areas of consolidation and multiple communicating cystic spaces. air leaking into the mediastinum through fistulas produced pneumomediastinum, pneumoperitoneum, and a massive soft tissue emphysema. Bronchoalveolar lavage performed within the first 24 hours of admission revealed of acid-fast bacilli. Even though appropriate tuberculostatic medication was started immediately, the patient succumbed the next day to ARDS due to massive tuberculous pneumonia and miliary disease (sepsis tuberculosis gravissima).
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ranking = 0.71428571428571
keywords = tuberculosis
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4/241. Disseminated tuberculosis with gradual evolution and unusual localization.

    We present a case of disseminated tuberculosis (pulmonary, skeletal and lymph nodes) accompanied by subcutaneous abscesses and with unusual localization, osteolytic lesions of the skull caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis var. hominis. Although the patient was immunocompetent, the disease had a gradual and unexpected progression. In the malign forms of tuberculosis, treatment must be extended for a year or more.
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keywords = tuberculosis
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5/241. multiple organ failure and septic shock in disseminated tuberculosis.

    The diagnosis of disseminated tuberculosis should be entertained in all patients with unexplained fever associated with hepatomegaly and/or splenomegaly with or without anomalies in liver function tests and haemogram. It should be considered as a possible cause of septic shock especially in patients with typical risk factors such as advanced age, diabetes, alcoholism or immunosuppression. Prompt therapy could be life saving in an otherwise potentially fatal condition. It is therefore appropriate to initiate anti-tuberculosis treatment as soon as such a diagnosis is suspected and not await final confirmation.
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ranking = 0.85714285714286
keywords = tuberculosis
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6/241. Intramedullary tuberculoma of the spinal cord. Case report and review of the literature.

    Intramedullary spinal tuberculosis infection remains an extremely rare disease entity. In the most recent reviews only 148 cases have been reported in the world literature, although numerous recent reports from developing countries and on human immunodeficiency virus (hiv)-positive patients have increased this number. The authors present an unusual case of intramedullary tuberculoma in an hiv-negative patient from the southern united states who demonstrated no other signs or symptoms of tuberculosis infection. The authors believe that this is the first case of its kind to be presented in recent literature. The presentation of miliary disease via an isolated intramedullary spinal mass in a patient with no evident risk factors for tuberculosis infection emphasizes the importance of including tuberculosis in the differential diagnosis of spinal cord masses.
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ranking = 0.57143073448244
keywords = tuberculosis, spinal
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7/241. Miliary tuberculosis presenting with rigors and developing unusual cutaneous manifestations.

    We report a case of miliary tuberculosis presenting with high fevers and rigors. While undergoing evaluation, the patient developed a diffuse, erythematous, maculopapular eruption coalescing to form erythematous plaques involving the abdomen, trunk, and proximal extremities. Biopsies of the lesions were smear- and culture-negative for mycobacterium tuberculosis. Rigors are an unusual presenting symptom of miliary tuberculosis and have only been reported three times in the (post-antibiotic era) literature. chills have been reported to occur 28% of the time. This symptom can be confusing to the practitioner, leading to delay in diagnosis. The skin lesions were most consistent with a lichenoid tuberculid eruption. The patient had a negative purified protein derivative and non-reactive anergy panel, and the lesions involved only the cutis and healed without scarring. The patient had a dramatic response to antituberculous therapy, with resolution of the fever within 2 days and resolution of the rash within 2 weeks.
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keywords = tuberculosis
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8/241. Leukaemoid reaction and disseminated tuberculosis. A case report.

    Four cases of leukaemoid reactions to tuberculosis, notwithstanding the presence of Auer's rods in the myeloblasts, have previously been reported. A fifth case of disseminated tuberculosis in which Auer's rods were similarly observed, is described. However, we believe that this association does not mean that Auer's rods occur as part of a leukaemoid response, but rather that it indicates the simultaneous presence of acute leukaemia and tuberculosis.
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keywords = tuberculosis
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9/241. Unusual cutaneous manifestations of miliary tuberculosis.

    Cutaneous manifestations of miliary tuberculosis are extremely rare. We describe a 62-year-old woman with leukopenia who developed infiltrated dermal-hypodermal and ulcerative cutaneous lesions during the course of miliary tuberculosis. Miliary tuberculosis was diagnosed when mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli were isolated by cultures of the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and blood and when acid-fast bacilli were detected on histopathologic examination of hepatic, pulmonary, and cutaneous biopsy specimens. With the increasing incidence of immunocompromised patients, unusual presentations of tuberculosis may be observed more often. Acute miliary tuberculosis of the skin is an exceptional manifestation that is due to acute hematogenous dissemination of M. tuberculosis to the skin. We describe a patient who had unusual cutaneous manifestations of miliary tuberculosis.
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ranking = 1.7142857142857
keywords = tuberculosis
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10/241. Tuberculous subcutaneous abscesses developing during miliary tuberculosis therapy.

    Although rare, paradoxical subcutaneous abscesses may develop during appropriate treatment of miliary tuberculosis. While the pathogenesis of this phenomenon is not clear, some theories have been postulated. A case of a 37-y-old woman diagnosed as having miliary tuberculosis who developed subcutaneous abscesses within the 5 months of antituberculous treatment is described and all 6 similar cases published in English from 1954 to 1999 are discussed.
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ranking = 0.85714285714286
keywords = tuberculosis
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