Cases reported "Ulcer"

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1/71. Invasive ductal carcinoma of the male breast expanding from pacemaker pocket decubitus.

    After twenty-five years of therapy with different unifocal pacemaking systems, an 84-year old male patient developed a nonseptic pacemaker decubitus. A rare incidental finding of invasive ductal carcinoma of the right mammary gland was surgically treated by a generous excision of the tumor and by consecutive modified radical mastectomy. According to published literature, the association of invasive ductal carcinoma arising from a pacemaker pocket decubitus and followed by curative treatment has not been previously reported. We do conclude that pacemaker generators in close relationship to the mammary gland should be considered with suspicion.
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2/71. Heterotopic gastric mucosa in the upper esophagus ("inlet patch"): a rare cause of esophageal perforation.

    We report the case of a 21-yr-old woman who presented with a perforation of an upper esophageal ulcer on a patch of gastric-type mucosa. Despite surgical closure of the perforation and reinforcement with a pleuro-muscular flap the patient developed an esophageal leakage and died in the postoperative period. Heterotopic gastric mucosa in the upper esophagus is usually an asymptomatic abnormality, discovered incidentally during endoscopic studies carried out for some other reason; however, complications secondary to the inlet patch acid secreting capacity can arise, and this has to be kept in mind to elude life-threatening conditions.
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3/71. Complete dentures and the associated soft tissues.

    Some of the conditions of the soft tissues related to complete dentures encountered during a period of 25 years at a university clinic were presented and discussed from the standpoint of the clinical prosthodontist. During this time, over 1,000 denture patients were treated each year. For some conditions, a method of management was offered with treatment by sound prosthodontic principles rather than unneccessary medication. That denture fabrication involves much more than mere mechanical procedures is an understatement. Complete dentures are foreign objects in the oral cavity that are accepted and tolerated by the tissue to a degree that is surprising. As prosthodontists, we can gain satisfaction from the realization that the incidence of oral cancer due to dentures is less than extremely low. At the same time, we must be ever mindful of the statement by Sheppard and associates. "Complete dentures are not the innocuous devices we often think they are." Every dentist must remember that one of his greatest missions is to serve as a detection agency for cancer. The information discussed indicates (1) the need for careful examination of the mouth, (2) the value of a rest period of 8 hours every day for the supporting tissues, and (3) the importance of regular recall visits for denture patients. Robinson stated that while the dental laboratory technician can be trained to aid the dentist in the fabrication of prosthetic devices, his lack of knowledge of reactions and diseases of the oral tissues limits him to an auxiliary role. Complete prosthodontics is a highly specialized health service that greatly affects the health, welfare, and well-being of the patient. It can be rendered only by the true professional who is educated in the biomedical sciences.
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4/71. Ileocecal ulcer with a cecocecal fistula in Behcet's disease.

    We describe a case of Behcet's disease (BD) which showed the ileocecal ulcer and cecocecal fistula. This 38-year-old man had appendectomy six years ago because of colicky pain in the right lower abdomen (RLA). There are some reports on fistula formation in BD. In those, some are related to surgery and others are not. BD with cecocecal fistula, possibly associated with a past operation, has not been reported in the literature.
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ranking = 561.74197653252
keywords = fistula
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5/71. Esophageal carcinoma in a patient with bleeding esophageal varices.

    More than 20 cases of esophageal carcinoma have been reported to develop after endoscopic injection sclerotherapy (EIS), and this technique is implicated in the pathogenesis of esophageal cancer. We report a case of esophageal carcinoma presenting as a superficial ulcer in a patient with esophageal varices with no prior EIS. Whether the development of esophageal carcinoma in patients with previous EIS is coincidental or consequential is controversial. Such carcinoma might have already existed before EIS in some reported cases. A causal relationship between EIS and esophageal carcinoma cannot be established without further clarification by a well-designed study.
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6/71. Esophagobronchial fistula combined with a peptic esophageal stenosis.

    Peptic strictures are a rare complication of severe gastroesophageal reflux disease. An esophagobronchial fistula as a complication of a severe long-term reflux esophagitis with peptic stenosis is here described for the first time: A 43-year-old mentally disabled patient suffered from recurrent bronchopneumonia. endoscopy revealed an esophagobronchial fistula originating in a peptic stricture. Under short-term fasting, intravenous feeding and application of a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) closure of this fistula was achieved within 4 days. Subsequently, dilatation was carried out. The case demonstrates that pulmonary complications in patients with peptic esophageal strictures may not only be due to aspiration of refluxate but--rarely--also to fistulae between the esophagus and the bronchial tree.
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ranking = 641.99083032288
keywords = fistula
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7/71. Surgical treatment of the radiation injured bowel.

    Over the last 10 years, 9 patients treated by surgical procedure for radiation injuries of the bowel were studied with the following conclusions: The damage to the small intestine caused by external irradiation leads to adhesion of the bowel, perforation and postoperative anastomotic dehiscence if the irradiated bowel is used in the anastomosis. Surgical treatment for the small intestine is resection of the damaged loop. In order to determine the extent of the resection it is important that during the operation fibrosis and obstruction of vessels in the submucosa and subserosa is examined by biopsy. On the other hand, rectal ulcer and/or rectovaginal fistula is chiefly caused by intracavitary application plus external irradiation. For these lesion Hartmann operation or colostomy is performed, and the postoperative course is uneventful.
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ranking = 80.24885379036
keywords = fistula
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8/71. Penetrating ulceration of the infrarenal aorta: case reports of an embolic and an asymptomatic lesion.

    Penetrating aortic ulceration is uncommon in the infrarenal aorta. We describe a patient with a penetrating infrarenal aortic ulcer manifesting as blue toe syndrome, and a second patient with a similar lesion identified as an incidental finding. These two patients were treated for penetrating infrarenal aortic ulceration within the past 9 months at two university-affiliated hospitals, a regional veterans Administration Medical Center, and a County Medical Center. Both lesions demonstrated aneurysm changes with varying degrees of mural thrombus. The lesion filled with fresh thrombus proved labile, with embolization manifesting as blue toe syndrome. We support the aggressive treatment of aneurysmal penetrating aortic ulcer with aortic graft replacement to eliminate the potential for distal embolization and to obviate the risk of rupture and death.
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9/71. Nearly fatal complications of cervical lymphadenitis following BCG immunotherapy for superficial bladder cancer.

    This report describes the case of a 68-year-old man with bilateral cervical lymphadenitis and chorioretinitis due to bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG), originating from BCG immunotherapy for treatment of superficial bladder cancer 2 years ago. During antimycobacterial therapy a fistula between the right-sided lymph node and an aneurysm of the carotid artery developed. This led to life-threatening spontaneous bleeding which required vascular graft surgery. Like other known systemic side effects, cervical lymphadenitis may also occur following intravesical BCG immunotherapy, and life-threatening complications cannot be excluded despite adequate medical treatment.
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ranking = 80.24885379036
keywords = fistula
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10/71. Nasal mucosal headache presenting as orofacial pain: a review of the literature and a case report.

    Headaches are a significant component of many facial pain syndromes. These facial pain/headache syndromes often have various etiologies, including neurologic, vascular, musculoskeletal, or combinations of vascular/musculoskeletal origins. Referred rhinologic headache, however, can be overlooked as a cause of facial pain in the dental literature. We report a case of nasal mucosal headache that presented as facial pain and include a review of the literature.
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