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1/35. Neurogenic bladder dysfunction due to Behcet's disease.

    BACKGROUND: Behcet's disease is a chronic multisystem condition of unknown origin. Genitourinary tract involvement with genital apthous ulcers, epididymitis, urethritis and recurrent cystitis is encountered commonly. Neurogenic bladder dysfunction due to neural involvement of the syndrome, has been reported extremely rarely. methods: A case of neurogenic bladder dysfunction due to Behcet's disease is presented. The patient was 17-year-old young male with a long history of the disease and neurological affection, but with neglected lower urinary tract symptoms and urinary incontinence. The patient was diagnosed urodynamically to have hyperreflexic detrusor. RESULTS/DISCUSSION: After failure of medical treatment (oxybutynin chloride) the patient submitted to augmentation clam-type sigmoidocystoplasty. Four years postoperatively, the patient is dry, on clean intermittent self catheterization twice daily and he is practically asymptomatic from lower urinary tract symptoms.
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2/35. Laparoscopic bladder auto-augmentation in an incomplete traumatic spinal cord injury.

    OBJECTIVES: To assess the urodynamic and clinical outcome of a laparoscopic auto-augmentated bladder. methods: Laparoscopic bladder autoaugmentation in a 27-year-old woman with an incomplete spinal cord injury at T12 level with urge incontinence caused by a hyperreflexic bladder. RESULTS: Six months later the patient voids by Valsalva's manoeuvre every 3 h and remains dry day and night. The radio-urodynamic study, performed 2 months later, revealed an intact bladder with a diverticulum of anterior wall and a capacity of 510 ml with filling rate of 100 ml/min without evidence of leakage of infusion water. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic retropubic auto-augmentation allows a brief hospital stay and minor postoperative discomfort. Moreover the laparoscopic approach should not complicate or preclude subsequent enterocystoplasty if necessary.
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keywords = operative
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3/35. Spontaneous rupture of bladder diverticulum after postoperative radiotherapy for carcinoma of the uterine cervix: a case report.

    We present a case of spontaneous rupture of bladder diverticulum three years after postoperative whole pelvic irradiation (50.4 Gy) for carcinoma of the uterine cervix. The patient had suffered from a neurogenic bladder after hysterectomy, but excretory urography revealed no abnormalities. Bladder diverticulum was found two years later. Spontaneous rupture of the urinary bladder is one of the late complications associated with radiotherapy, although it is very rare. Postoperative neurogenic bladder may also be associated with rupture. We should be aware of this rare complication in patients who receive pelvic irradiation.
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ranking = 6
keywords = operative
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4/35. kidney transplantation unraveling wolfram syndrome: a case report.

    BACKGROUND: In wolfram syndrome insulin-dependent diabetes is associated with a multisystem neurodegenerative disorder. There are no prior reports of kidney transplantation in patients with wolfram syndrome. methods: kidney transplantation was undertaken in a child with dysplastic kidneys, sensorineural hearing impairment and bilateral optic atrophy-a combination of features insufficient to define wolfram syndrome. RESULTS: After the procedure diabetes mellitus, diabetes insipidus and urinary bladder dysfunction emerged, thereby revealing wolfram syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: We discuss the etiology of our patient's postoperative events, and conclude that kidney transplantation may expose dormant manifestations-or aggravate existing manifestations-of wolfram syndrome.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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5/35. Laparoscopic ileovesicostomy.

    PURPOSE: We present our initial experience with laparoscopic ileovesicostomy for managing neurogenic bladder. MATERIALS AND methods: A 5 port transperitoneal approach was used for laparoscopic ileovesicostomy. After bladder preparation a 17 cm. ileal segment was harvested and used as the urinary conduit. Ileovesical anastomosis was formed using intracorporeal suturing and knot tying techniques. RESULTS: operative time was 4 hours. blood loss was less than 100 ml. Physical activity and oral intake resumed on postoperative day 1 and the patient was discharged home on postoperative day 3. The postoperative narcotic requirement was 4 mg. morphine sulfate equivalent. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic ileovesicostomy in this initial experience was associated with acceptable operative time and minimal postoperative morbidity. It may serve as an excellent minimally invasive alternative to conventional open ileovesicostomy.
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ranking = 7
keywords = operative
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6/35. Experience with non-sterile intermittent self-catheterization.

    Although a patient subjected to intermittent self-catheterization must carry a catheter and catheterize himself under a non-sterile technique at regular intervals this method is considered the best one available for patients who lead an active social life. When family cooperation is available intermittent catheterization is a cleaner procedure, causes less complications and is easier to manage for a patient confined to bed than the indwelling catheter, cystostomy or other urinary diversion procedures. The technique is also useful for patients with spinal cord injuries, promoting the early return of bladder activity and a life free of the catheter. It is an ideal method for children with meningomyelocele, after the upper tract has been maintained carefully by an indwelling catheter or cystostomy until the child is able to catheterize himself. In these cases a small capacity bladder may be enlarged using the colon and urinary incontinence may be corrected by other operative procedures. We have treated 26 patients with this technique, including 1 with a 17-year followup. The upper urinary tract has not deteriorated in any case and the urine has remained sterile in 39 per cent of the cases.
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keywords = operative
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7/35. Urologic complications following abdominoperineal resection.

    In a retrospective study we analyzed the high incidence of 75 urological complications after abdominoperineal resection in 52 patients. A prospective study was done also to anticipate as well as to minimize or eliminate these highly significant complications. Direct injury leading to obstruction and fistula formation was avoided. Obstructive uropathy in 10 of 25 male patients was found as a direct result of preoperative evaluation. Same day prostatectomies in 5 patients made no appreciable difference in the urological management, complication rate or end results. Neurogenic bladder dysfunction of various degrees was found in 50 per cent of all patients but represented a long-term problem in only 10 per cent.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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8/35. Bladder rehabilitation with dorsal rhizotomy and ventral neuroprosthesis.

    Two patients with severe neuropathic bladders were successfully treated with selective dorsal rhizotomy in conjunction with a ventral root neuroprosthesis. Both patients achieved stabilization of their renal function, continence, resolution of vesicoureteral reflux, and relief from indwelling urethral catheters. This alternative form of management avoids the complications of other operative approaches.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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9/35. Neurogenic bladder in an infant due to spinal arachnoid cyst.

    The urinary bladder of patients with occult spinal defects may become dysfunctional, exposing the renal parenchyma to irreversible damage. However, during infancy clinical signs are often misdiagnosed. The treatment should be aimed at protecting kidneys from severe bladder dysfunction. We report a case of a female infant with an arachnoid cyst diagnosed at the age of 6 months, who suffered from intractable, repeated febrile urinary tract infections (UTI) for the previous 3 months. The images obtained by ultrasonography and voiding cystoureterography techniques were typical of a neurogenic bladder. The spinal cord was examined by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which revealed an arachnoid cyst that was surgically treated when the child was 8 months old. The postoperative results were excellent: spinal cord MRI was normal after 1 year, and the child experienced only one UTI episode in the next 2 years. Such an etiology of neurogenic bladder has never been reported in a 6-month-old child.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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10/35. Initial experience with successful totally robotic laparoscopic cystoprostatectomy and ileal conduit construction in tetraplegic patients: report of two cases.

    PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of totally robotic laparoscopic cystoprostatectomy for neurogenic bladder, with intracorporeal ileal-conduit urinary diversion in tetraplegic patients with severe neurogenic bladder complications. patients AND methods: Two men, 41 and 38 years old, with complete post-traumatic C7-C8 quadriplegia and poor lower urinary-tract condition underwent totally transperitoneally performed cystoprostatectomy and ileal-conduit urinary diversion with robotic assistance (Da Vinci). RESULTS: The procedures were completed without open conversion. The total surgical time was 9.25 and 6.75 hours, respectively. There were no intraoperative complications. In the postoperative period, both patients had mild complications (pulmonary and urinary infections) that were treated successfully medically. The postoperative hospital stay was 13 days in both cases. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate the safety and feasibility of robot-assisted laparoscopic cystoprostatectomy with ileal-conduit urinary diversion in two tetraplegic patients.
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ranking = 3
keywords = operative
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