Cases reported "Urinary Bladder Diseases"

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1/6. Endoscopic management of prolapsing intravesical ureterocele in an adult female--a case report.

    The authors present a case of intravesical ureterocele in a female which prolapsed out of the external urethral meatus causing urinary obstruction, and was managed by reduction into the bladder followed by endoincision.
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ranking = 1
keywords = ureterocele
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2/6. Bladder outlet obstruction after operation for ureterocele.

    Two patients with ureterocele-induced bladder outlet obstruction are presented. In each instance, a broad-based diverticulum had developed in the floor of the bladder as a result of the muscular defect created by a simple ureterocele in one patient and an ectopic ureterocele in the other. This bladder diverticulum produced secondary obstruction of the bladder outlet during the act of voiding. urinary diversion in one patient had been carried out because of bladder outlet obstruction and was being seriously considered in the other patient because of upper tract deterioration. After the correct diagnosis was established, reconstruction of the muscular defect eliminated the obstruction and reestablished satisfactory bladder function. urinary diversion was thus prevented in one patient and undiversion accomplished in another, when the true obstructing nature of the bladder diverticulum was established and correct therapy instituted.
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ranking = 1.4
keywords = ureterocele
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3/6. Megacystis microcolon intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome with bilateral duplicated systems.

    A 29-year-old multigravida woman presented for her second prenatal ultrasound evaluation at 30 weeks of gestation. The study showed a female fetus, bilateral duplicated systems with severe hydronephrosis in the upper pole moieties and a massively distended bladder. Initial interpretation suggested ectopic/obstructing bilateral ureteroceles. To evaluate these findings further, a prenatal magnetic resonance imaging scan was obtained, documenting the absence of ureteroceles. The presumptive diagnosis of megacystis microcolon intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome was made. After birth, contrast enema confirmed the presence of microcolon. This appears to be the first reported case of megacystis microcolon intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome with bilateral duplex systems evaluated with prenatal magnetic resonance imaging.
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ranking = 0.4
keywords = ureterocele
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4/6. Inverted Y duplication of the ureter in association with ureterocele and bladder diverticulum.

    We report a case of inverted Y duplication of the ureter in association with an obstructing ectopic ureterocele and paraureteral diverticulum. Preoperative radiological studies demonstrated the ureterocele and diverticulum but they failed to show the duplex distal ureter. The duplicated section of ureter was excised and a Cohen reimplantation was performed. The presence of a large ureterocele obstructing the bladder neck, a diverticulum, failure of reflux into the ectopic segment and poor function of the affected kidney all contributed to the difficulties in establishing a preoperative diagnosis.
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ranking = 1.4
keywords = ureterocele
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5/6. Ectopic ureter and ureterocele: their varied sonographic manifestations.

    The sonographic examinations of four patients with simple ectopic ureters and 11 with ectopic ureteroceles were reviewed to determine distinguishing characteristics. Ectopic ureters, in cases of extreme dilatation and tortuosity, sometimes mimic multiseptated, cystic abdominal masses. However, the proximal portions of some severely dilated ureters are surprisingly small. Ectopic ureters sometimes indent the lower vesical wall, simulating a ureterocele. Ectopic ureteroceles are dynamic structures, changing in shape and size according to intravesical pressure. The lower pole of a duplex kidney may be difficult to detect because of displacement by the dilated upper renal pelvis and ureter. The renal parenchyma associated with an ectopic ureter may be equally difficult or impossible to find because of diminutive dysplasia or, less commonly, acquired atrophy. Dysplasia is characterized sonographically by highly echogenic parenchyma, lack of corticomedullary differentiation, and occasionally massive enlargement by cysts. Ectopic ureters and ureteroceles can be identified by fetal sonography.
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ranking = 1.6
keywords = ureterocele
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6/6. prolapse of ectopic ureterocele and bladder trigone.

    The first documented case of prolapse of an ectopic ureterocele and bladder trigone is presented. The differential diagnosis and therapy are discussed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = ureterocele
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