Cases reported "Urinary Bladder Neoplasms"

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1/61. neurofibromatosis 1 associated with embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the urinary bladder.

    A 10-month-old boy presented with a 6-week history of abdominal pain. The pain was due to a large, stage IV embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the urinary bladder. The rhabdomyosarcoma was found in association with neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) manifesting multiple cafe au lait spots and bowing of the right calf. The diagnosis of NF1 had not been made before presentation. This case report is intended to heighten the awareness of the manifestations of NF1 and the possibility of developing a nonneuroectodermal tumor as a concomitant of NF1, and to emphasize the importance of timely diagnosis and treatment of such an NF1-associated malignancy. Reports of the epidemiologic evidence for rhabdomyosarcoma in children with NF1 are reviewed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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2/61. rhabdomyosarcoma of the bladder in an adult.

    We report a case of rhabdomyosarcoma of the bladder in an adult. A 73-year-old male was referred to our hospital due to macrohematuria. ultrasonography, CT and MRI revealed a bladder tumor, and cystoscopic biopsy of the tumor pathologically revealed rhabdomyosarcoma. Total cystectomy with ileal conduit urinary diversion was performed. copyright copyright 1999 S. Karger AG, Basel
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ranking = 0.28571428571429
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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3/61. Tumoral cystitis in children.

    Three children aged 3-11 years had ultrasonography of the urinary tract for the investigation of dysuria and haematuria. A bladder mass was seen in these 3 children. One child had computed tomography scan, cystoscopy and bladder biopsy because rhabdomyosarcoma was considered. The biopsy revealed an inflammatory process. The urine culture of the other 2 children revealed E. coli. On ultrasonography, the inflammatory mass may appear homogeneously hypoechoic or may contain moderate level echoes. The mucosal surface of the mass may be smooth or lobulated. It is important to consider an infective cause for a bladder mass in children because computed tomography, cystoscopy and biopsy may be avoided.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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4/61. Colorectal adenocarcinoma as a second malignant neoplasm following rhabdomyosarcoma of the urinary bladder: a case report.

    Following improvements in therapy for childhood malignancies, the striking increase in survival rate over the past 30 years has led to the increase risk of developing second malignant neoplasms (SMNs). We report a case of colorectal carcinoma as a SMN, following treatment for rhabdomyosarcoma. The patient was diagnosed with rhabdomyosarcoma of the urinary bladder at his age of three years, and developed adenocarcinoma in the colon 13 years later. Histologic examination of the surgical specimen revealed adenocarcinoma involving the rectosigmoid area with radiation colitis in its background. The tumor cells showed strong immunoreactivity for p53 protein, suggesting the role of irradiation and p53 mutation in carcinogenesis. This case emphasizes the need for dose observation in survivors of early childhood malignancies treated with radiation and multiagent chemotherapy.
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ranking = 0.85714285714286
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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5/61. Sonographic detection of rhabdomyosarcoma of the urinary bladder.

    rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common malignant pelvic tumor in the young child, occurring typically in children aged 2-4 years. It arises from the prostate or the trigone of the bladder in boys, and from the vagina or uterus in girls. We report a case of bladder rhabdomyosarcoma and discuss the ultrasonographic images. The mass produced filling defect on the contrast cystogram and also was demonstrated with CT.
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ranking = 0.71428571428571
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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6/61. Two cases of metastases to the breast on MR mammography.

    We report appearance of two cases of metastases to the breast on MR mammography. Metastasis from cervical cancer displayed a hypointense tumor with a central area of high signal intensity on T2-weighted images and rapid annular enhancement with persistent central contrast enhancement. The metastases from rhabdomyosarcoma were characterized by multiple tumors with high signal intensity on T2-weighted images and fast annular contrast enhancement. We show unusual malignant breast lesions for possible identification in dynamic MR mammography.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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7/61. Rare pseudotumors of the urinary bladder in childhood.

    We report two cases of inflammatory pseudotumors of the urinary bladder, one case of a chronic granulomatous pseudotumor (CGT) and one case of a pseudosarcomatous myofibroblastic (fibromyxoid) tumor (PMT). Both tumors resembled malignancies such as rhabdomyosarcomas regarding clinical appearance and imaging findings and represent rare urinary bladder tumors. The imaging findings on unenhanced and contrast-enhanced MRI as well as histological specimen are presented. Final diagnosis was made following elective surgery. Differential diagnosis of urinary bladder tumors as well as the imaging findings of these clinically comparable cases are discussed. awareness of these benign lesions may prevent patients from inappropriate therapies such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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8/61. Pseudosarcomatous myofibroblastic tumor and myosarcoma of the urogenital tract.

    OBJECTIVE: Pseudosarcomatous myofibroblastic tumors (PMTs) of the urogenital tract are rare but distinctive lesions. Despite their benign behavior, they are frequently misinterpreted as leiomyosarcomas and rhabdomyosarcomas in preoperative biopsies and even in resected specimens because of their atypical spindle-cell features. Precise diagnosis of PMTs is important to avoid unnecessary radical therapy. We analyzed urogenital myoid tumors to clarify which of their characteristics are useful for the differential diagnosis. methods: We evaluated 7 urogenital myoid tumors consisting of 3 PMTs, 2 leiomyosarcomas, and 2 rhabdomyosarcomas. We studied the expression of various immunohistochemical muscle-cell markers including desmin, muscle-specific actin, alpha-smooth muscle actin, high-molecular-weight caldesmon, and myogenin. RESULTS: desmin, muscle-specific actin, and alpha-smooth muscle actin were noted variably in all tumor types, whereas high-molecular-weight caldesmon was expressed only in leiomyosarcomas, and myogenin was expressed only in rhabdomyosarcomas. CONCLUSION: High-molecular-weight caldesmon and myogenin are useful for differentiating urogenital PMTs from myosarcomas.
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ranking = 0.42857142857143
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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9/61. Transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder following exposure to cyclophosphamide in childhood.

    With the increasing survival of children with malignancies, the long-term effects of chemotherapies are now becoming important and one of these dreadful long-term complications is the development of a second malignancy. Described here is a case of transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder developing 8 years following exposure to cyclophosphamide for the treatment of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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10/61. Post-chemotherapy microscopic residual prostate rhabdomyosarcoma: long-term conservative follow-up.

    In spite of advances in the treatment of childhood bladder and prostate rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), the ability to detect minimal residual disease correlates imperfectly with the ultimate outcome. We report the long-term follow-up of a child with microscopic residual RMS after chemotherapy. The correct interpretation of the histologic findings spared the child unnecessary additional therapy and raises enigmatic questions about the biology of minimal residual disease.
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ranking = 0.71428571428571
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma
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