Cases reported "Urinary Fistula"

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11/17. Tubular colonic duplication--review of 1876-1981 literature.

    Four cases of tubular colonic duplication are reported and 53 more are reviewed from 1876-1981 literature. Eighty percent of these patients had other anomalies, most notably genital and bladder duplications. Females outnumbered the males 37 to 20. Fifty per cent of patients of either sex had some form of fistulous communication. In no one was the anomaly incompatible with life. Based on the anatomy of distal ends of duplicated colon, the patients are divided in five groups, for each of which the incidence and nature of concomitant anomalies are tabulated. Because of their anatomic complexity, most patients with colonic duplication require clinical evaluation by multiple subspecialists. We have also suggested the sequence and extent to which they should be evaluated by radiologists.
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12/17. Urethro-cavernous fistula from blunt penile trauma.

    An unusual case of traumatic urethro-cavernous fistula from the fall of a heavy object upon the flaccid penis is described. In the absence of clinical evidence of urinary extravasation, prompt performance of corpus cavernosography helped detect the existence of such a fistulous communication. Institution of prompt suprapubic urinary diversion avoided occurrence of undesirable sequelae to intracorporeal urinary leak and ensured uncomplicated spontaneous closure of the fistula.
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13/17. "H-type" urethrorectal communication and complete urethral stenosis with unilateral renal agenesis.

    Congenital "H-type" urethrorectal communication with complete urethral stenosis is extremely rare in the pediatric population. The evaluation and surgical treatment of a "H-type" urethrorectal communication with complete urethral stenosis presenting in a 4-month-old infant is described. Additionally, he had a left renal agenesis and anal stenosis.
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14/17. "H-type" urethroanal fistula.

    Stephens and Smith have recently described a urethroanal connection through which urine was passed preferentially into the otherwise normal rectum at the pectinate line. Other authors have reported similar deformities. The term "congenital 'H-type' anourethral fistula" was proposed for this rare anomaly by deVries and Friedland in 1974. In this communication, we describe two examples of the "H-type" urethroanal fistula (Fig. 1). Each patient also had tracheoesophageal fistula. One patient (R.P.), now 11 yr of age, has had successful correction of the anomaly. The other patient (T.McC.), a small premature baby whose uroanal deformity was investigated radiographically, died of sepsis and uremia. The anatomical relationships in this baby were investigated histologically in the autopsy specimen by means of serial sections. From this study, it has been possible to determine the sphincteric anatomy and to suggest a possible pathoembryology of the defect.
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15/17. Persistent urogenital sinus: prenatal diagnosis and pregnancy complications.

    prenatal diagnosis of fetal hydrocolpos caused by persistent urogenital sinus is described. The urethrovaginal communication allowed urine to empty from the bladder into the vagina, which subsequently dilated, causing bilateral hydronephrosis, distention of the fetal abdomen, decreased urinary output, oligohydramnios, and abdominal dystocia at delivery.
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16/17. Congenital Y-type urethro-perineal fistula.

    A case of congenital fistula between the prostatic urethra and the perineal skin in a ten-months-old male child is reported. The fistula was lined by squamous epithelium. The precise embryological origin of this fistulous communication remains controversial. We believe that this anomaly is distinct from the congenital H-type urethro-anorectal fistula.
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17/17. hematuria and death secondary to aortoureteric fistula.

    Ureteroarterial fistulae are extremely rare after previous vascular surgery. Eight cases have been described in the English literature. This is the first example of a vascular communication between the aorta and the ureter. All previous cases were ureteroiliac fistulae. Known hydronephrosis in the presence of prior vascular grafting and heavy hematuria should alert the clinician to the possibility of a ureteroarterial fistula.
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