Cases reported "Urinary Incontinence"

Filter by keywords:

Retrieving documents. Please wait...

1/462. An urodynamic study of emepronium bromide in bladder dysfunction.

    The effect of emepronium bromide in 13 patients, most of whom had uninhibited bladders, has been studied urodynamically. Under the influence of this drug, the detrusor pressure and the urinary flow was reduced, and abdominal straining during during micturition was commonly recorded. The bladder capacity increased considerably, but all subjects developed residual urine. The effect of emepronium bromide on the bladder capacity seemed to last for a longer period than the effect on the detrusor pressure. ( info)

2/462. Neurological complications in insufficiency fractures of the sacrum. Three case-reports.

    Three cases of nerve root compromise in elderly women with insufficiency fractures of the sacrum are reported. Neurological compromise is generally felt to be exceedingly rare in this setting. A review of 493 cases of sacral insufficiency fractures reported in the literature suggested an incidence of about 2%. The true incidence is probably higher since many case-reports provided only scant information on symptoms; furthermore, sphincter dysfunction and lower limb paresthesia were the most common symptoms and can readily be overlooked or misinterpreted in elderly patients with multiple health problems. The neurological manifestations were delayed in some cases. A full recovery was the rule. The characteristics of the sacral fracture were not consistently related with the risk of neurological compromise. In most cases there was no displacement and in many the foramina were not involved. The pathophysiology of the neurological manifestations remains unclear. We suggest that patients with sacral insufficiency fractures should be carefully monitored for neurological manifestations. ( info)

3/462. A unique cause of unconscious urinary incontinence.

    The authors present a case of a healthy 55-year-old woman with a 1-year history of vaginal malodor and perineal dampness. A pyridium (phenazopyridine) pad test revealed a well-defined stain area no greater than 3 cm. Cystoscopic examination revealed multiple multilobulated polypoid neoplasms, which we feel probably represent pedunculated hemangiomas. Removal of the neoplasms cured the dampness, malodor and recurrent vaginal infections. We submit this case as a unique cause of extraurethral incontinence. ( info)

4/462. Metastatic breast cancer diagnosed during a work-up for urinary incontinence: a case report.

    breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among women in the USA and the second leading cause of cancer deaths in women. breast cancer metastases to the bladder are unusual but have been reported occasionally in the literature. The majority of the reports describe bladder metastases presenting with symptomatology or occurring in the context of disseminated disease. We present the case of an 87-year-old woman with a history of breast cancer and negative routine work-up for metastatic disease. She was referred to the urogynecology division in our institution because of complaints of urinary incontinence and urinary urgency. A urethrocystoscopy revealed suspicious bladder mucosal lesions that were biopsied. The pathology findings, when compared to the original cancer specimens, were consistent with metastatic disease. This case suggests that in patients with a history of breast cancer, even subtle urinary symptoms should be thoroughly evaluated. ( info)

5/462. L4-5 disk lesion resulting in back pain with bowel, bladder and sexual dysfunction without paraparesis.

    This is a case report of a patient with bowel, bladder and sexual dysfunction associated with low back pain. This patient had an essentially normal neurological examination. There was radiological evidence of a disk lesion, and urodynamic findings consistent with lower motor neuron bladder dysfunction. His symptoms are attributed to a L4-5 disk herniation resulting in a partial cauda equina syndrome. The relevant anatomy is reviewed, and the differential diagnosis is discussed. ( info)

6/462. cauda equina syndrome after spinal anaesthesia with hyperbaric 5% lignocaine: a review of six cases of cauda equina syndrome reported to the Swedish Pharmaceutical insurance 1993-1997.

    Six cases of cauda equina syndrome with varying severity were reported to the Swedish Pharmaceutical insurance during the period 1993-1997. All were associated with spinal anaesthesia using hyperbaric 5% lignocaine. Five cases had single-shot spinal anaesthesia and one had a repeat spinal anaesthetic due to inadequate block. The dose of hyperbaric 5% lignocaine administered ranged from 60 to 120 mg. Three of the cases were most likely caused by direct neurotoxicity of hyperbaric 5% lignocaine. In the other 3 cases, direct neurotoxicity was also probable, but unfortunately radiological investigations were not done to definitely exclude a compressive aetiology. All cases sustained permanent neurological deficits. We recommend that hyperbaric lignocaine should be administered in concentrations not greater than 2% and at a total dose preferably not exceeding 60 mg. ( info)

7/462. Idiopathic spinal cord herniation: case report and review of the literature.

    OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Idiopathic spinal cord herniation (ISCH) is a rare condition, reported in only 25 patients thus far, in which the thoracic cord is prolapsed through an anterior dural defect. It typically presents in middle age as either brown-sequard syndrome or spastic paraparesis. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 55-year-old woman initially presented at the age of 41 years with brown-sequard syndrome at the T8 disc space level on the left side. Investigations, including primitive magnetic resonance imaging, were deemed negative at that time. After a stepwise deterioration over 14 years, she presented again with spastic paraparesis and double incontinence, in addition to her previous spinothalamic dysfunction. magnetic resonance imaging at this stage suggested either ISCH or a dorsal arachnoid cyst. INTERVENTION: Through a T7-T8 laminectomy, a left-of-midline ISCH was identified and easily reduced by gentle cord traction. No dorsal arachnoid cyst was identified. The anterior dural defect was repaired with a XenoDerm patch (LifeCell Corp., Woodlands, TX). After surgery, there was improved motor and sphincter function. However, there was continued sensory disturbance. CONCLUSION: ISCH is rare cause of thoracic cord dysfunction. Despite prolonged diagnostic delay, significant clinical improvement may be obtained with ISCH reduction and anterior dural repair. ( info)

8/462. Psychosocial side effects of sildenafil therapy for erectile dysfunction.

    Sildenafil is an effective agent to restore erectile capacity in the medically ill. Two cases are presented in couples whose marital situation worsened after the husband refused to take sildenafil for erectile failure following radical prostatectomy. Treating organically based sexual dysfunctions with medication still requires understanding of the dysfunctions in a broader psychosocial context. ( info)

9/462. Successfully managing incontinence-related irritant dermatitis across the lifespan.

    The management of irritant dermatitis caused by incontinence is not always an easy patient care problem to solve. A brief review of the literature demonstrated that irritant dermatitis from body fluids is either not an issue in the healthcare arena or that only a few individuals have recognized it as a healthcare concern. Many products are used to treat this type of dermatitis, yet this can be a very challenging problem for the clinician and painful problem for the patient. It is imperative for healthcare providers to be aware of the effects of stool and urine on the skin, how products interact with body waste, and how to manage this problem properly. ( info)

10/462. An unexpected complicationof the remote-controlled intraurethral valve pump for urinary incontinence.

    We report an unexpected complication of the remote-controlled intraurethral valve pump in a patient with neurogenic bladder. A meningomyelocele patient with an atonic bladder received an intraurethral valve pump. Acute urinary retention was caused by a mucus clot obstructing the pump. Prior to extended clinical use, the remote-controlled intraurethral valve pump should be evaluated in prospective multicenter studies. ( info)
| Next ->

Leave a message about 'Urinary Incontinence'

We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.