Cases reported "Urinary Retention"

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1/261. Case report: acute urinary retention secondary to Isaacs' syndrome.

    We report an unusual case of acute urinary retention secondary to Isaacs' syndrome due to external urethral sphincter spasm. The patient was able to resume spontaneous voiding after the treatment of the underlying disease. At 6-month follow-up, there were no voiding complaints. ( info)

2/261. Unilateral iliac vein occlusion, caused by bladder enlargement, simulating deep venous thrombosis.

    A variety of conditions cause unilateral leg swelling and thus mimic deep venous thrombosis (DVT). A heretofore-underappreciated condition that may lead to unilateral iliac vein compression, simulating DVT, is massive enlargement of the bladder caused by urinary retention. A case that demonstrates this condition is described. Although this disorder has been reported only three times before, its occurrence should be recognized by clinicians in light of the overall aging of our society. In addition, this case highlights the need for careful and thorough evaluation of patients who have unilateral lower-extremity edema. ( info)

3/261. Congenital bladder diverticula in children.

    BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The authors report their experience with the management of congenital bladder diverticula in children. methods: The authors reviewed the histories of six boys (mean age, 4.4 years) in whom congenital bladder diverticula was treated from 1980 to 1996. Diverticula were unilateral in four patients and bilateral in two patients. All patients presented recurrent urinary tract infection, and two boys had several episodes of urinary retention. Secondary kidney damage was present in two patients with ureteral obstruction and one with vesicoureteral reflux. Surgical treatment was undertaken in all patients. RESULTS: After surgical treatment, none of the patients has had recurrence of the diverticula, and all remain asymptomatic. CONCLUSIONS: Congenital bladder diverticula have a wide clinical spectrum and could lead to severe kidney damage. urinary tract infection and urinary retention are the most frequent presentation forms. Surgical treatment should be indicated in all symptomatic cases according to each anatomic and functional situation. ( info)

4/261. An unusual case of urinary retention due to imperforate hymen.

    A 15 year old girl presented to the accident and emergency (A&E) department with a 24 hour history of lower abdominal pain, and was found to have acute urinary retention. She was discovered to have an imperforate hymen with associated haematocolpos and haematometrium. This is rare and is hence a very unusual presentation to the A&E department. patients presenting with retention of urine should be carefully assessed for the cause. ( info)

5/261. Acute renal failure due to obstruction in burkitt lymphoma.

    Acute renal failure in burkitt lymphoma is commonly the result of tumor lysis syndrome. We present a 15-year-old boy who developed hypertension, seizures, and acute renal failure due to extrinsic compression of the bladder and ureters by a large retrovesical burkitt lymphoma. The causes of acute renal failure in burkitt lymphoma and the incidence of acute urinary obstruction in this disease are reviewed. ( info)

6/261. An unexpected complicationof the remote-controlled intraurethral valve pump for urinary incontinence.

    We report an unexpected complication of the remote-controlled intraurethral valve pump in a patient with neurogenic bladder. A meningomyelocele patient with an atonic bladder received an intraurethral valve pump. Acute urinary retention was caused by a mucus clot obstructing the pump. Prior to extended clinical use, the remote-controlled intraurethral valve pump should be evaluated in prospective multicenter studies. ( info)

7/261. Autonomic failure and proximal skeletal myopathy in a patient with primary Sjogren syndrome.

    Autonomic failure and proximal skeletal myopathy are rare features of the Sjogren syndrome (SS). We describe a 51-year-old woman with primary SS who had development of esophageal dysmotility, urinary retention, severe orthostatism, and skeletal myopathy during a 3-month period after the diagnosis of SS. Her symptoms and signs responded well to corticosteroid therapy. Although dysfunction of the peripheral nervous system has a prevalence rate of 20% in patients with SS, most commonly the nerve dysfunction is a sensory deficit, and autonomic neuropathy is less frequent. Autonomic neuropathy due to SS may be underreported. The cause of our patient's myopathy remains undetermined. We speculate that the myopathy was due to either a form of polymyositis or an immune-mediated neuropathy with muscle involvement. ( info)

8/261. Intramedullary spinal teratoma presenting with urinary retention: case report and review of the literature.

    OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Intramedullary tumors affect a small but significant segment of patients with spinal cord tumors. Intramedullary teratomas are rare entities that are usually located in the sacrococcygeal region. Although some reports claim that diagnostic studies can exactly predict the nature of intramedullary tumors, this case report demonstrates the lack of preoperative diagnostic specificity. Therefore, the aim of surgery should be radical extirpation whenever possible. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A case report of a thoracolumbar intramedullary teratoma is presented. This young male patient displayed urinary retention and motor deficits. Computed tomographic and magnetic resonance imaging examination revealed an intramedullary tumor; however, the exact nature of the tumor could not be determined preoperatively. The literature concerning these tumors is extensively reviewed. INTERVENTION: During surgery, a multicystic tumor was found at the base of the filum terminale, which was resected as far as possible. CONCLUSION: It is concluded that surgery should be the first choice for treatment. More aggressive teratomas are found in intramedullary locations, especially in children, emphasizing the importance of radical tumor resection. The use of adjuvant chemo- or radiotherapy should be explicitly substantiated for the nonbenign teratoma group. ( info)

9/261. prostate brachytherapy in patients with prior evidence of prostatitis.

    PURPOSE: To refute a misconception that a prior history of prostatitis is a contraindication to prostate brachytherapy. methods AND MATERIALS: Five patients with clinical or pathologic evidence of prior prostatitis were treated with transperineal brachytherapy. Four of the patients received a single i.v. dose of ciprofloxacin (500 mg) intraoperatively. Postimplant antibiotics were not given. The pretreatment biopsy slides were reviewed. RESULTS: Two of the five patients developed postimplant urinary retention requiring short-term catheterization, and both resolved spontaneously. One patient developed what appeared to be an exacerbation of his chronic prostatitis. CONCLUSION: We continue to recommend prostate brachytherapy for the treatment of clinically organ-confined cancer, with no concern about prior clinical or pathologic evidence of prostatitis. ( info)

10/261. Interstitial deletion of 14q, 46, XY, del (14) (q24.3q32.1) associated with status nonepileptic myoclonia and delayed myelination.

    A Japanese boy with interstitial deletion of the long arm of chromosome 14, including band 14q31, is described. The characteristic dysmorphic facial features, such as dolichocephaly, bushy eyebrows, horizontal narrow palpebral fissures, long philtrum, etc, and mental and motor developmental delay were observed. Other characteristic clinical manifestations were anuresis and status nonepileptic myoclonia The finding of delayed myelination of the cerebral white matter was observed on magnetic resonance examination, suggesting that an unknown factor related to myelination in the central nervous system might be localized in band 14q31. ( info)
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