Cases reported "Urination Disorders"

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1/252. An urodynamic study of emepronium bromide in bladder dysfunction.

    The effect of emepronium bromide in 13 patients, most of whom had uninhibited bladders, has been studied urodynamically. Under the influence of this drug, the detrusor pressure and the urinary flow was reduced, and abdominal straining during during micturition was commonly recorded. The bladder capacity increased considerably, but all subjects developed residual urine. The effect of emepronium bromide on the bladder capacity seemed to last for a longer period than the effect on the detrusor pressure.
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ranking = 1
keywords = urinary
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2/252. A sensitive bladder: an atypical presentation of cancer in a U.S. Army pilot.

    Bladder cancer is the most common cancer in the urinary tract, the vast majority (90%) of which are transitional cell carcinomas. A papilloma (grade I) lesion offers an excellent prognosis after excision, though recurrence is possible. The classic sign of bladder cancer is gross, painless hematuria. We report a case of transitional cell papillary carcinoma in an aircrew member with atypical presentation: irritative voiding symptoms without hematuria. With a careful history and physical, and aggressive clinical suspicion, an early diagnosis was made offering an excellent prognosis. The patient, an Army helicopter pilot, returned to flight status with a waiver.
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keywords = urinary
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3/252. Acute retention of urine due to prolapsed ectopic ureterocele in an adult male.

    A case is presented of prolapsed ectopic ureterocele which produced severe urinary retention in a 31-year-old male patient. The usefulness of lumbar transcutaneous puncture is emphasized in a case associated with a non-functioning upper pole of a duplex kidney.
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ranking = 184.5449404498
keywords = urinary retention, retention, urinary
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4/252. Neurogenic bladder dysfunction due to Behcet's disease.

    BACKGROUND: Behcet's disease is a chronic multisystem condition of unknown origin. Genitourinary tract involvement with genital apthous ulcers, epididymitis, urethritis and recurrent cystitis is encountered commonly. Neurogenic bladder dysfunction due to neural involvement of the syndrome, has been reported extremely rarely. methods: A case of neurogenic bladder dysfunction due to Behcet's disease is presented. The patient was 17-year-old young male with a long history of the disease and neurological affection, but with neglected lower urinary tract symptoms and urinary incontinence. The patient was diagnosed urodynamically to have hyperreflexic detrusor. RESULTS/DISCUSSION: After failure of medical treatment (oxybutynin chloride) the patient submitted to augmentation clam-type sigmoidocystoplasty. Four years postoperatively, the patient is dry, on clean intermittent self catheterization twice daily and he is practically asymptomatic from lower urinary tract symptoms.
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ranking = 4
keywords = urinary
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5/252. Outflow uropathy: occupational disorder?

    This paper alerts physicians, health care workers, and employers to a probable connection between voluntary, infrequent voiding and urinary dysfunction. The dysfunction includes abnormal uroflow patterns, increased urethral resistance, abnormal post-void residuals, chronic trigonitis, and urethrovesical inflammatory polyps. A review of intermittent uroflow and obstructive uroflow patterns reveals that all females in this study worked long hours without voiding.
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ranking = 1
keywords = urinary
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6/252. Neurocutaneous vascular hamartomas mimicking Cobb syndrome. Case report.

    The authors report the rare case of a patient with neurocutaneous vascular hamartomas mimicking Cobb syndrome. An 8-year-old boy was admitted to the authors' hospital with progressive urinary disturbance and upper back pain. Multiple skin nevi had been noted at the child's birth. Radiological examination revealed multiple cavernous angiomas in the spinal cord in the same metamere in which the skin nevi had been observed and also in the left cerebral hemisphere. His symptoms gradually improved without surgical intervention. Four years later he was readmitted because of a cerebral hemorrhage involving the left cerebral peduncle. Nonsurgical treatment was chosen because his symptoms promptly improved. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first case of multiple cavernous angiomas in the brain and spinal cord associated with skin nevi. The authors discuss this clinical entity and the significance of the disease.
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ranking = 1
keywords = urinary
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7/252. ataxia caused by mutations in the alpha-tocopherol transfer protein gene.

    A 48 year old woman with ataxia with vitamin e deficiency is described. Gene analysis identified two point mutations in exon 1 of the alpha-tocopherol transfer protein (alpha-TTP) gene, one missense mutation and an upstream initiation codon mutation in the 5'-untranslated region (Kozak sequence). The latter mutation is the first one identified in the translation regulatory region. This mutation decreased the level of alpha-TTP protein expression. The clinical features included uncommon urinary disturbance and deafness and relatively rare retinitis pigmentosa. Supplementary therapy increased her serum vitamin E concentration to the normal range with mild improvement of the deep senses.
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keywords = urinary
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8/252. Neuropathic pain syndrome as an occult manifestation of injury of the spinal cord after surgical repair of aortic coarctation.

    Injury to the spinal cord injury with paraplegia, is a rare complication of surgical repair of aortic coarctation recognized immediately post-operatively. We present the case of a 41-year-old male undergoing surgery for restenosis at the site of a repair. Intra-operatively, he suffered inadvertent injury to an intercostal arterial branch during isolation of the aorta below the graft. Over the following months, he developed unusual symptoms involving the legs and genitourinary tract which, only after extensive investigations, were attributed to ischemic damage to the spinal cord related to the surgery. We suspect that similar syndromes reflecting injury to the spinal cord injury may be unrecognized following surgical repair of coarctation.
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ranking = 1
keywords = urinary
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9/252. Tumoral cystitis in children.

    Three children aged 3-11 years had ultrasonography of the urinary tract for the investigation of dysuria and haematuria. A bladder mass was seen in these 3 children. One child had computed tomography scan, cystoscopy and bladder biopsy because rhabdomyosarcoma was considered. The biopsy revealed an inflammatory process. The urine culture of the other 2 children revealed E. coli. On ultrasonography, the inflammatory mass may appear homogeneously hypoechoic or may contain moderate level echoes. The mucosal surface of the mass may be smooth or lobulated. It is important to consider an infective cause for a bladder mass in children because computed tomography, cystoscopy and biopsy may be avoided.
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ranking = 1
keywords = urinary
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10/252. Feasibility and acute toxicities of radioimmunoguided prostate brachytherapy.

    PURPOSE: We present a technique that fuses pelvic CT scans and ProstaScint images to localize areas of disease within the prostate gland to customize prostate implants. Additionally, the acute toxicity results from the first 43 patients treated with this technique are reviewed. methods AND MATERIALS: Between 2/97 and 8/98, 43 patients with clinical stage II prostate adenocarcinoma received ultrasound-guided transperineal implantation of I-125 or Pd-103 seeds. The median patient age was 70 years (range 49-79). Prior to treatment, the median Gleason score and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) were 6 (range 3-8) and 7.5 (range 1.8-16.6 ng/mL), respectively. The median follow-up was 10 months (range 2.9-20.4 months). RESULTS: The median PSA value at 10 months is 0.7 ng/mL. Significant acute complications within the first month following implantation included 13 Grade I urinary symptoms, 24 Grade II urinary symptoms, 6 Grade III symptoms, and no Grade IV complications. Beyond 4 months, complications included 12 Grade I urinary symptoms, 17 Grade II urinary symptoms, 1 Grade III, and 1 Grade IV complications. CONCLUSIONS: The image fusion of the pelvic CT scan and ProstaScint scans helped identify regions within the prostate at high risk of local failure, which were targeted with additional seeds during implantation.
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ranking = 4
keywords = urinary
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