Cases reported "Urticaria"

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1/4. Chronic urticaria and helicobacter pylori.

    BACKGROUND: Although the clinical manifestations of chronic urticaria (CU) are similar in most patients, a variety of factors should be taken into consideration. In general, the cause of CU cannot be determined in most patients, and it is considered idiopathic. In the past several years, relationships between some patients with CU and hepatitis c or autoimmune thyroid diseases have been established. Similarly, other factors may also be considered as possible causes to explain certain patients with CU. Previously, some patients with CU have had their disease attributed to helicobacter pylori (HP), but the relationship was only clinical. OBJECTIVE: None of the patients previously described included an immunological study. Thus, we studied a patient with CU, who showed marked clinical improvement after eradication of HP, to demonstrate an IgE relationship with this skin disease. methods: First, blood analytical parameters, roentgenograms, fecal examination for parasites, and skin tests were performed to try to establish an etiology. In addition, endoscopy with gastric biopsy confirmed HP colonization, and eradication treatment was prescribed. To investigate an immunological relationship, other tests performed included the following: HP-specific IgG, histamine release induced by HP, HP-specific IgE, and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis with immunoblotting. RESULTS: The blood analytical parameters, roentgenograms, fecal examination for parasites, and skin tests were all negative. In contrast, the tests for HP-specific IgG, histamine release induced by HP, and HP-specific IgE were all positive. In addition, the sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis with immunoblotting showed specific IgE binding to an extract of HP. CONCLUSIONS: Our results may indicate an immunological IgE relationship between HP colonization and CU in this particular patient.
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ranking = 1
keywords = skin disease
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2/4. helicobacter pylori immunoproteomes in case reports of rosacea and chronic urticaria.

    rosacea and chronic urticaria are two common skin disorders existing in idiopathic forms. A role of helicobacter pylori bacterium infection in the aetiopathogenesis of rosacea or chronic urticaria has been suggested although still controversial. The aim of the present study was to establish a relationship between H. pylori infection and rosacea chronic urticaria by means of an immunoproteomic investigation. We analyzed immunoglobulin a (IgA)-, IgG-, and IgE-mediated immune-responses against H. pylori antigens and we identified some bacterial immunoresponsive proteins. A general IgA- and IgE-mediated immune response against antioxidative bacterial proteins was observed. A correlation between the bacterial occurrence and skin diseases pathogenesis is discussed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = skin disease
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3/4. Eosinophilic cellulitis associated with urticaria. A report of two cases.

    Two patients with the clinical and histopathologic findings of eosinophilic cellulitis are presented. In one patient there was a definite relationship between upper respiratory tract infection and flare-ups of eosinophilic cellulitis. This patient's condition was superimposed on a long history of chronic urticaria. In the other patient a relationship to recurrent sinusitis was possible but not definite. There were no other contributory underlying skin diseases in either patient. Eosinophilic cellulitis is not likely a disease entity as such but, instead, represents a severe urticarial hypersensitivity reaction to various stimuli. collagen alteration by eosinophil granules results in flame figure formation and a granulomatous response, which may explain the prolonged persistence of the lesions.
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ranking = 1
keywords = skin disease
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4/4. Psychosomatic aspects of skin diseases from the standpoint of immunology.

    The psychosomatic aspects of skin disease were studied both clinically and experimentally, from the standpoint of immunology. We found that emotional stress has a great influence on the immune system, as was manifested in skin disease. Skin test in allergic patients significantly improved with autogenic training and relaxation. For clarification of the effects of autogenic training and relaxation, various parameters were simultaneously assessed during the treatment. The serum levels of histamine and dopamine-beta-hydroxylase fluctuated, as determined by the microvibration test. The levels of IgE and findings on the PK test varied only slightly. Before the onset of urticaria, there were changes in the life-style and considerable stress in daily life as well as exposure to an allergen. Using mice subjected to stress, the functions of T cells and macrophages were evaluated. Stress appeared to have a definite influence on the functions of these cells, as related to the important role of the immune system and skin. Thus, the role of stress in clinical disease must always be given consideration.
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ranking = 6
keywords = skin disease
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