Cases reported "Urticaria"

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1/3. tobacco allergy: demonstration of cross-reactivity with other members of solanaceae family and mugwort pollen.

    BACKGROUND: tobacco is a plant belonging to the solanaceae family. This plant is usually used as a contact insecticide for several infestations in some areas, such as the Canary islands. Allergy induced by inhalation of this plant is unusual. Identification of the potential allergen in growing areas is essential. OBJECTIVE: We report a patient with occupational sensitivity to an aqueous solution of cut tobacco whose clinical manifestations were rhinoconjunctivitis and urticaria. Past medical history was significant for seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis to mugwort pollen and oral allergy syndrome with avocado. methods: Green tobacco and cured tobacco leaf extracts were prepared, skin prick tests were performed with green tobacco, cured tobacco leaf extracts, and certain aeroallergens. Conjunctival challenge test was carried out with green tobacco and cured tobacco leaf extract. serum-specific IgE against tobacco leaf was performed by commercial CAP. CAP inhibition experiments were carried out with tobacco and artemisia vulgaris. RESULTS: skin prick tests and conjunctival challenge tests with green tobacco and cured tobacco leaf extracts were positive, as well as serum-specific IgE by CAP, indicating an IgE-mediated sensitization. CAP inhibition experiments were carried out and it was found that tobacco, mugwort pollen, and tomato extracts inhibited the binding of the patient's serum to solid-phase tobacco leaf. No inhibition was observed when alternaria, D. pteronyssinus, and potato were used as control inhibitors. Inhibition of immunoCAP to mugwort was obtained with mugwort and tobacco extracts and no cross-reactivity to D. pteronyssinus was shown. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that tobacco can induce IgE-mediated reactions that are mediated by the existence of common antigenic epitopes between tobacco and mugwort pollen. This allergy can be a hazard of employment in the agricultural areas.
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ranking = 1
keywords = tobacco
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2/3. Sustained dapsone-induced remission of hypocomplementemic urticarial vasculitis--a case report.

    Hypocomplementemic urticarial vasculitis (HUV) is often misdiagnosed. The response to drug therapy may be unsatisfactory, and immunosuppressive therapy may be associated with significant side effects. A 35-year-old patient whose condition was resistant to cyclophosphamide, corticosteroids, pentoxyphylline, cyproheptadine, sulindac, and colchicine was maintained in remission with dapsone, which may be the drug of choice for HUV. emphysema has been reported to complicate HUV, but this is the first account of vasculitis-related emphysema with no confounding history of tobacco smoke exposure. The relationship of proteolytic injury to the pulmonary and other manifestations is considered, as is the possible role for dapsone in reducing it.
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ranking = 0.0625
keywords = tobacco
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3/3. Urticarial reaction following the inhalation of nicotine in tobacco smoke.

    We report a patient with recurrent generalized itching and urticaria due to inhalation of nicotine in tobacco smoke. A skin prick test with nicotine base (1:10 w/v) was negative but an intradermal test with nicotine base (1:100 w/v) was strongly positive. intradermal tests with nicotine base (1:100 w/v) performed on 10 healthy controls were negative. A provocation test with a nicotine patch showed the same symptoms and signs including generalized itching, weals and flares, and mild dyspnoea, which occurred when he was exposed to tobacco smoke. nicotine in tobacco smoke can act as an inhalant allergen and induce urticaria in hypersensitive persons.
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ranking = 0.4375
keywords = tobacco
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