Cases reported "Uterine Diseases"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/18. diagnosis and management of post-cesarean ureterouterine fistulae.

    Urinary leakage following obstetric or gynecologic surgery is a dreaded complication, most often caused by a urogenital fistula. Of these, uretero-uterine fistulae are relatively rare and pose a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma. A 29-year-old woman presented with paradoxical incontinence of urine for 3 months. She had developed vaginal leakage of urine 2 weeks following an uneventful cesarean section. Conservative measures in the form of catheterization and bed rest did not relieve her symptoms. Subsequent examination and investigations revealed that she had a ureterouterine fistula. The case is discussed as well as the diagnostic modalities and treatment options.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = gynecologic
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/18. Lymphatic filariasis of the ovary and mesosalpinx.

    We report 2 cases of filariasis, one in the ovary and the other in the mesosalpinx. In the first case, the patient underwent panhystrectomy and in the second case, right ovarian cystectomy with right salpingectomy were performed under general anaesthesia. Histopathology showed adult filarial worms in the dilated lymphatics of the right ovary, in the first case and in the mesosalpinx, in the second case. Both patients presented with complaints related to gynecological problems and not filariasis. Reports of filariasis in the literature and possible treatments and prevention strategies are also discussed.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = gynecologic
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/18. Radical vaginal trachelectomy after supracervical hysterectomy.

    BACKGROUND: Radical vaginal trachelectomy (RVT) is an acceptable approach when applied toward a select group of patients with early stage cervical carcinoma. It is less invasive, can maintain fertility, and can be ideal in patients with significant comorbid factors compared to abdominal approaches. A small subset of patients with a previous supracervical hysterectomy can pose a surgical dilemma. CASE: An 81-year-old woman with a history of severe cardiac disease on routine gynecological examination was found to have adenocarcinoma in situ with a focus suspicious for invasion of the cervical stump diagnosed by cone biopsy. She previously had a supracervical hysterectomy for benign disease of the uterus. A RVT was performed as definitive treatment and the patient recovered without complications. CONCLUSION: In the rare case that presents with a history of supracervical hysterectomy, RVT with some technical modifications can still be considered as a therapeutic option for early stage cervical carcinoma.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = gynecologic
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/18. Genital tuberculosis in a menopausal woman. A case report.

    We have analysed the role played by genital tuberculosis (TBC) in italy today, and in particular in L'Aquila, in the light of a worrying recrudescence. We report the case of a 64-year-old patient, in menopause for the past 11 years or so, referred to the gynecology and obstetrics Clinic of the University of L'Aquila, with an anamnesis of menometrorrhagia since the age of 55. The patient was studied from a gynecological and internist profile including the following procedures: gynecological examination and pap-test, colposcopy, transvaginal scan, chest X-ray, abdominal and pelvic CAT, laboratory tests and Mantoux reaction. The uterus was found to be fibromatous during the gynecological examination and scan, whereas colposcopy revealed a small ectropion and the presence of very adherent yellowish mucus. The Mantoux test was positive. CAT showed cicatricial sequelae in the pulmonary parenchyma. It was decided to perform curettage, but this was prevented by the presence of pyometra. The patient was treated with specific chemotherapy and then underwent total laparohysterectomy with bilateral adnexectomy. The histological findings confirmed genital TBC. Genital TBC is now undergoing a worrying recrudescence. We need to have a full knowledge of the pathology, the diagnostic means with which to discover it and the correct therapeutic instruments to overcome it.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3
keywords = gynecologic
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/18. Hydatid cyst of the uterus.

    BACKGROUND: Hydatidosis is a common zoonosis that affects a large number of humans and animals, especially in poorly developed countries. The infesting parasite has four forms named echinococcus granulosis, E. multilocularis, E. vogeli and E. oligarthrus (very rare in humans). The most frequently involved organs are liver followed by the lung. The involvement of the genital tract is rare and the occurrence in the uterus is an extreme rarity. We report a case of hydatid cyst in the uterus. CASE: A 70-year-old female with a history of hydatid cysts of the liver, was admitted to hospital after complaining of low abdominal pains. On physical and gynecological examinations, no pathological finding was detected. However, the uterus was significantly large for a postmenopausal patient. Transvaginal sonography (TS) revealed a cystic mass in the uterus with a size of 7 x 6 cm. After further examinations a subtotal hysterectomy was performed. Microscopic examination showed scolices of echinococcus granulosis. CONCLUSION: Hydatid cysts in the genital tract are rare and the occurrence in the uterus is an extreme rarity. Differentiation between hydatid cyst and malignant disease of the related organ is difficult. To avoid misdiagnosis, a careful examination of pelvic masses should be carried out in endemic areas for detection of hydatid cysts.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = gynecologic
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/18. pneumoperitoneum without perforation of the gastrointestinal tract.

    pneumoperitoneum (PP) is usually the result of perforation of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract with associated peritonitis. However, other rare causes, including spontaneous PP incidental to intrathoracic, intra-abdominal, gynecologic, and miscellaneous other origins not associated with a perforated GI tract have been described in the literature. Six cases of PP without any perforated GI tract are reported. Three patients with generalized peritonitis underwent exploratory laparotomy or laparoscopy when clinical examinations suggested an acute abdomen. At surgical procedure, perforated pyometra, perforated liver abscess and a ruptured necrotic lesion of a liver metastasis were documented in these patients, respectively. We also saw 3 PP patients not associated with peritonitis. Two patients with PP caused by pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis were encountered, 1 was managed conservatively and the other received diagnostic laparoscopy. A patient in whom pneumomediastinum and pneumoretroperitoneum were accompanied by PP caused by an alveolar rupture based on decreased pulmonary compliance due to malnutrition was managed conservatively. The history of the patient and knowledge of the less frequent causes of PP can possibly contribute towards refraining from exploratory laparotomy in the absence of peritonitis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = gynecologic
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/18. Computed tomography features of spontaneously perforated pyometra: a case report.

    Spontaneous perforation of pyometra is an extremely rare emergent gynecologic disease. We report a 73-year-old woman with a spontaneously perforated pyometra presenting with acute abdomen in the emergency department. A dedicated computed tomography examination of the abdominal and pelvic regions revealed the diagnosis. The patient recovered well after surgical intervention and antibiotic treatment.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = gynecologic
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/18. Gynecologic abscess: CT-guided percutaneous drainage.

    A 42-year-old woman with recurrent bilateral endometrial ovarian cystoma presented with fever and pelvic pain caused by a tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA), which was resistant to several varieties of intravenous and oral antibiotics for 2 weeks (Case 1). Computed tomography (CT)-guided diagnostic aspiration for a rapid enlarged right ovarian cystoma through a transabdominal route confirmed that it had developed into a TOA. Subsequent percutaneous abscess drainage (PAD) and irrigation for 3 days were successful. One-year follow-up revealed no recurrence of TOA. A 58-year-old woman with recurrent cervical cancer after external radiation therapy (RT) presented with fever, confusion and tremor caused by pyometra (Case 2). Since transvaginal drainage was impossible due to cervical os obstruction, the patient had undergone CT-guided transabdominal PAD and irrigation for a month. Thereafter, the clinical findings improved and a tracheloplasty was performed to prevent recurrence. CT-guided PAD may be a useful treatment option for gynecologic abscess as a diagnostic aspiration, a temporizing procedure until surgery, or an alternative surgery.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = gynecologic
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/18. pneumoperitoneum and an acute abdominal condition caused by spontaneous perforation of a pyometra in an elderly woman: a case report.

    pyometra, a collection of purulent material in the uterus, is an uncommon gynecologic entity. Spontaneous perforation of the uterus is an infrequent complication of pyometra, most often the result of malignant conditions in the uterus. We report the case of an elderly woman who had an acute abdominal condition and pneumoperitoneum due to a ruptured pyometra resulting from a degenerative and infected leiomyoma. Although uterine disease is a rare cause of an acute abdominal condition and pneumoperitoneum in the elderly, a perforated pyometra must be considered in the differential diagnosis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = gynecologic
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/18. Calcifications of the benign endometrium.

    A 28-year-old woman underwent a dilatation and curettage procedure in the course of an infertility evaluation, with the finding of multiple psammoma bodies in the tissue from the lower uterine segment. A repeated dilatation and curettage procedure performed five months later again revealed psammoma bodies in the lower endometrium and normal fundal endometrium. The patient previously had been treated with clomiphene. Psammoma bodies in the gynecologic tract most often have been associated with malignant neoplasms; however, a few cases of psammoma body formation or dystrophic calcification of the endometrium in benign conditions have been reported.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = gynecologic
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Uterine Diseases'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.