Cases reported "Uterine Diseases"

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1/56. hand-assisted laparoscopy for complex hysterectomy.

    In rare cases of extreme uterine enlargement, hysterectomy by vaginal and laparoscopic-assisted techniques is not feasible and requires a large abdominal incision. hand-assisted laparoscopy permits the performance of such cases through a much smaller, glove-size abdominal incision while preserving pneumoperitoneum. In a 45-year-old nullipara with a grossly enlarged, impacted uterus and total vaginal obliteration, hysterectomy was safely performed by hand-assisted laparoscopy using the Pneumo Sleeve system through a 7. 5-cm transverse suprapubic incision, and a 1-cm laparoscopic incision. The operation lasted 150 minutes, blood loss was 220 ml, and the specimen weighed 3050 g. The patient was discharged in excellent condition on the second postoperative day and had an uneventful recovery. (J Am Assoc Gynecol Laparosc 6(2):183-188, 1999)
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2/56. Generalized peritonitis with pneumoperitoneum caused by the spontaneous perforation of pyometra without malignancy: report of a case.

    Spontaneous perforation is a very rare complication of pyometra. We report herein the case of an 88-year-old woman who presented with muscular rigidity and free air on abdominal X-ray films. Perforation of the gastrointestinal tract was diagnosed preoperatively, and an emergency laparotomy was performed. A total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy was carried out under the diagnosis of generalized peritonitis caused by the spontaneous perforation of pyometra. The culture of purulent fluid from the abdominal cavity showed only escherichia coli, with no anaerobic bacteria. Histological examination revealed pyometra with necrosis of the endometrium and no evidence of malignancy. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 68 without any major complications. pyometra is an unusual cause of peritonitis, but it must be considered as a possible diagnosis in elderly women presenting with an acute abdomen. Following this case report, we discuss the problems associated with establishing a correct preoperative diagnosis of generalized peritonitis caused by the spontaneous perforation of pyometra.
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ranking = 3
keywords = operative
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3/56. hernia uterus inguinale in a 46,XX female. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: hernia uterus inguinale, a rare congenital anomaly, is usually found in hermophrodites. CASE: A case of lateral fusion defect associated with mullerian duct development in a young woman with primary amenorrhea and normal karyotype occurred. In our patient, bilateral mullerian duct systems were rudimentary and failed to fuse in the midline. The left horn of the uterus and ipsilateral ovary lay in the left inguinal canal. The right horn of the uterus, along with the tube and ovary, was intraabdominal. CONCLUSION: In the operative management of this rare anomaly, care must be taken to preserve and reposition the ovary in the abdominal cavity.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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4/56. actinomycosis mimicking a pelvic malignancy. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Pelvic actinomycosis is difficult to diagnose preoperatively. The chronic infection is locally infiltrative and causes a profound induration of infected tissue planes. This induration, combined with absence of fever and leukocytosis, can mimic a pelvic malignancy. CASE: A 55-year-old woman was diagnosed with a pelvic mass after a two-month history of intermittent lower abdominal pain. The patient had had an intrauterine device for 12 years; it was removed two months prior to an exploratory laparotomy for the symptomatic mass. The mass was highly suggestive of colorectal cancer, with the rectosigmoid colon indurated and adherent to the uterus and sacrum. The induration of the colon extended caudally to within 3 cm of the anal verge. An abdominoperineal resection was performed along with a total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and colostomy. pathology revealed acute and chronic endometritis, left tuboovarian abscess and extensive, acute inflammation of the rectosigmoid colon without evidence of diverticuli. actinomycosis was diagnosed based on the characteristic sulphur granules seen on hemotoxylin and eosin staining. CONCLUSION: actinomycosis can mimic pelvic and abdominal malignancies. Surgeons should be aware of this infection to potentially spare women morbidity from excessive surgical procedures.
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5/56. A case report on vesico-uterine fistula: a very rare complication of the lower caesarean section.

    Vesico-uterine fistula is a very rare complication of lower caesarean section. There has only been two cases seen at the Department of urology in the past 2 decades. patients usually present in the early post operative period with the problem of continuous urinary incontinence. On the rare occasion, recurrent urinary tract infection, recurrent gross painless haematuria, or secondary infertility associated with secondary amenorrhoea would be the presenting complaint.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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6/56. Successful diagnostic and surgical hysteroscopy for endometrial ossification.

    PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATION: Diagnostic-operative hysteroscopy was successful in two cases of endometrial ossification, and fertility was restored. methods: A 30-year-old and a 32-year-old woman presented at our Department with a history of secondary infertility, complaining of pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea and polymenorrhea which lasted for about one year before admission. Previous ultrasound studies revealed the presence of two bright hyperechogenic bands with posterior shadowing. RESULTS: In both cases diagnostic-operative hysteroscopies were performed, displaying osseous fragments which were removed with resectoscopy, mainly mechanically. CONCLUSION: Hysteroscopic resection should be the elective treatment for endometrial ossification because it allows complete removal of osseous fragments and reduces the chance of residual synechia. The mean objective of hysteroscopy in endometrial ossification is the restitution of conceivement capability.
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ranking = 2
keywords = operative
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7/56. Early diagnosed intramural ectopic pregnancy associated with adenomyosis: report of an unusual case.

    Intramural pregnancy is the rarest type of ectopic pregnancy and almost always is diagnosed intraoperatively. It constitutes less than 1% of ectopic pregnancies and the world literature contains only 33 cases. We present an additional case of an uncomplicated intramural pregnancy in a patient with extensive adenomyosis, which is the earliest preoperatively diagnosed (sixth week of gestation) case in the literature.
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ranking = 2
keywords = operative
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8/56. abscess in adenomyosis mimicking a malignancy in a 54-year-old woman.

    BACKGROUND: Although there are a few reports describing abscess formation in endometriotic foci no report of abscess formation arising de novo within adenomyosis appears in the literature. Preoperative diagnosis of adenomyosis is frequently difficult because of non-specific signs and symptoms. Synchronous pelvic pathologies such as leiomyoma, endometrial polyp, endometrial hyperplasia, as well as endometrial cancer may cause differential diagnostic problems. CASE: A 54-year-old postmenopausal woman complaining of inguinal pain, nightsweats and hot flashes is presented. Radiologic examinations of the pelvis revealed a 95 x 85 mm leiomyoma-like lesion including a 53 x 43 mm cystic space and 9 x 6 mm papillary formation within the uterus raising clinical suspicion of malignancy. A total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy were performed accompanied by a frozen section diagnosis. The frozen section revealed an abscess formation arising in a focus of adenomyosis. The postoperative period of the patient was uneventful. CONCLUSION: The present case, to our knowledge, is the first report representing abscess formation in adenomyosis. abscess arising within adenomyosis can strongly raise the suspicion of endometrial cancer, particularly if the patient is postmenopausal. If endometrial cancer cannot be ruled out with definitive histopathological diagnosis in the preoperative period, a frozen section becomes mandatory during surgical intervention.
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ranking = 3
keywords = operative
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9/56. Vesicouterine fistulas following cesarean section: report on a case, review and update of the literature.

    Herein we report on 1 more case of vesicouterine fistula following cesarean section with review and update of the literature concerning this unusual topic. The disease presented with vaginal urinary leakage, cyclic hematuria and amenorrhea. The fistula was successfully repaired by delayed surgery. Actually, all over the world the prevalence of the disease is increasing for the frequent use of the cesarean section. Fistulas may develop immediately after a cesarean section, manifest in the late puerperium or occur after repeated procedures. Spontaneous healing is reported in 5% of cases. Vesicouterine fistulas present with vaginal urinary leakage, cyclic hematuira (menouria), amenorrhea, infertility, and first trimester abortions. The diagnosis is ruled out by showing the fistulous track between bladder and uterus as well as by excluding other more frequent urogenital fistulas. The disease treatment options include conservative treatment as well as surgical repair. Rarely, patients refuse any kind of treatment because of the benignity of symptoms and prognosis of the disease. Conservative management by bladder catheterization for at least 4-8 weeks is indicated when the fistula is discoveredjust after delivery since there is good chance for spontaneous closure of the fistulous track. Hormonal management should be tried in women presenting with Youssef's syndrome. Surgery is the maninstay and definitive treatment of vesicouterine fistulas after cesarean section. patients scheduled for surgery should undergo pretreatment of urinary tract infections. Surgical repair of vesico-uterine fistulas are performed by different approaches which include the vaginal, transvesical-retroperitoneal and transperitoneal access which is considered the most effective with the lowest relapse rate. Recently, laparoscopy has been proposed as a valid option for repairing vesicouterine fistulas. The endoscopic treatment may be effective in treating small vesicouterine fistulas. The pregnancy rate after repair is 31.25% with a rate of term deliveries of 25%. The disease may be prevented by emptying the bladder as well as by carefully dissecting the lower uterine segment. It is advisable that after vesicouterine fistula repair delivery should be performed by repeating a cesarean section since the risk of fistula recurrence. Usually, vesicouterine fistulas are diagnosed postoperatively. As a result, at least 95% of patients will undergo another operation for repairing the fistula. In the meantime they are bothered by related symptoms which impair their quality of life. As far as we are concerned intraoperative diagnosis is the gold standard in detecting vesicouterine fistulas for allowing immediate repair. We propose intraoperative sonography by the transvaginal (or transrectal) route for the Foley transurethral catheter producing bloody urine, for suspecting bladder injury while dissecting the uterine lower segment and for monitoring patients who already had had vesicouterine fistula repair. As a result patients will avoid the familial and social problems related to the disease as well another operation. Moreover, ultrasound Doppler examination may help in better investigating and understanding the pathophysiology of vesicouterine fistulas.
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ranking = 3
keywords = operative
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10/56. Conservative management of a traumatic uterovesical fistula ('Youssef's syndrome').

    'Youssef's syndrome' is characterised by cyclical haematuria, the absence of vaginal bleeding and complete urinary continence. It is a rare complication of caesarean section when bladder injury occurs and a fistula develops. While operative repair may be required, we describe a case that was managed conservatively and resolved without surgical intervention.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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