Cases reported "Uterine Prolapse"

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1/32. Urosepsis associated with vaginal pessary use.

    Conservative management of genital prolapse in older women uses vaginal pessaries. Infectious complications of these devices, attributable in some instances to poor routine maintenance, are uncommonly reported. We present 2 cases of genitourinary sepsis associated with unsuspected pessary use and discuss the spectrum of complications reported with these appliances.
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ranking = 1
keywords = urinary
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2/32. Herpetic salpingitis and fallopian tube prolapse.

    AIM: We describe the unusual association of fallopian tubal prolapse and herpetic infection, an occurrence not previously reported to our knowledge. methods AND RESULTS: A 37-year-old woman presented with a small polypoid mass of the vaginal vault, 3 months after abdominal hysterectomy and abdominoplasty. The vaginal mass proved to be the fimbriated end of a fallopian tube, herniated into the vagina. Reintervention 3 months later with resection of a small vaginal 'polyp' revealed a residual portion of fallopian tube, with superimposed herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection and marked cytological atypia of surface epithelial cells. HSV-2 immunostaining of viral nuclear inclusions and of atypical cells confirmed the herpetic nature of the infection. CONCLUSION: Involvement of the genito-urinary tract by HSV may occur via an ascending infection from the cervix, but the fallopian tube, deeply located in the pelvis, is generally spared from herpetic infection. In the setting of fallopian tubal prolapse, direct exposure of the herniated fallopian tube to various pathogens in the vagina provides an unique clinical model for salpingitis. In herpetic tubal infections, special attention must be paid to cytological atypia of probable viral cytopathogenic origin, to avoid a misdiagnosis of malignancy.
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keywords = urinary
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3/32. uterine prolapse associated with bladder exstrophy: surgical management and subsequent pregnancy.

    Congenital bladder exstrophy affects 1 in 125,000 to 250,000 females. Consisting of absence of the anterior abdominal wall with exposure of the ureteral orifices, failure of pubic symphysis fusion, and deficient anterior pelvic diaphragm musculature, bladder exstrophy is frequently associated with genital prolapse. pregnancy may be complicated by recurrent urinary tract infections, preterm labor, mild procidentia, and malpresentation. Due to the rarity of the condition, there is a corresponding scarcity of obstetric literature regarding management during pregnancy. We report the case of a young woman with surgically repaired bladder exstrophy who developed genital prolapse. The uterus was suspended using a sacral colpopexy utilizing a Gore-Tex graft. Subsequently, the patient became pregnant and delivered a healthy male infant at 35 weeks' gestation via cesarean section (without recurrence of the genital prolapse postpartum). Sacral colpopexy to correct genital prolapse associated with bladder exstrophy may preserve fertility in young patients.
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ranking = 1
keywords = urinary
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4/32. Vaginal subtotal hysterectomy and sacrospinous colpopexy: an option in the management of uterine prolapse.

    Interest in vaginal hysterectomy is rising. Controversy remains regarding the value of conservation of the cervix at hysterectomy. Subtotal vaginal hysterectomy is a simple procedure that carries a low risk of morbidity. In combination with sacrospinous fixation it can be an option in the management of patients with marked uterine prolapse who desire retention of the cervix. The technique is described, and a case is reported.
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ranking = 1.5342802075351
keywords = retention
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5/32. urinary retention resulting from incarceration of a retroverted, gravid uterus.

    urinary retention resulting from urethral obstruction by a retroverted, gravid uterus is an uncommon disorder that is reported only once in the emergency medicine literature. Yet these patients may present in extreme distress and precipitate considerable confusion regarding the cause of and solution to this problem. No study evaluating outcome, risk of complications, or therapy exists. We present two cases that clarify diagnostic and therapeutic controversies and provide a better understanding of what is known about the pathophysiology and treatment alternatives.
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ranking = 7.6714010376754
keywords = retention
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6/32. Simultaneous upper and lower urinary tract obstruction associated with severe genital prolapse: diagnosis and evaluation with magnetic resonance imaging.

    Genital prolapse causing both urethral and ureteral obstruction is an infrequent occurrence, especially in the absence of uterine prolapse. We report on a patient with massive genital prolapse causing both urethral and ureteral obstruction in whom magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated the level of obstructive uropathy and, after surgical repair of the prolapse, confirmed restoration of the normal pelvic and upper urinary tract anatomy.
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ranking = 5
keywords = urinary
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7/32. Vaginal leiomyoma--an imitator of prolapse.

    Vaginal leiomyoma is a rare tumor with a variable clinical presentation and broad differential diagnosis that can lead to preoperative misdiagnosis. We present a case of vaginal leiomyoma with a symptom complex of prolapse, urinary urgency and urge incontinence. A 50-year-old woman presented with a 4-year history of deteriorating sensation of prolapse, significant complex urinary complaints and prolonged vaginal bleeding. Clinical examination revealed a mobile 6 x 8 cm mass arising from the anterior vaginal wall. She underwent hysteroscopy, curettage, urethrocystoscopy (normal findings) and mass enucleation through a vertical incision. histology showed a benign leiomyoma. ultrasonography, MRI, positive-pressure urethrography and urethrocystoscopy should be considered in the evaluation of an anterior wall vaginal mass. Surgical enucleation via a vaginal approach is the treatment of choice. If this surgical procedure results in skeletonization of the urethral and bladder support, a colporrhaphy/pubourethral ligament plication is required.
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ranking = 2
keywords = urinary
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8/32. Combination of pessary and periurethral collagen injections for nonsurgical treatment of uterovaginal prolapse and genuine stress urinary incontinence.

    BACKGROUND: The combination of severe uterovaginal prolapse and stress urinary incontinence in medically compromised patients in whom surgery is contraindicated is a difficult treatment dilemma. CASE: A 75-year-old woman with severe cardiac compromise and a history of pulmonary embolus presented with severe uterovaginal prolapse and stress urinary incontinence. The combination of a vaginal pessary and three periurethral collagen injections resulted in successful management of her prolapse and resolution of her stress urinary incontinence. CONCLUSION: Although pessaries are frequently a satisfactory treatment option for women with severe uterovaginal prolapse, the appearance or worsening of urinary incontinence may make the option of pessary use less attractive. The addition of periurethral collagen injections will improve or cure urinary incontinence symptoms.
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ranking = 9
keywords = urinary
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9/32. Bilateral hydroureter and hydronephrosis causing renal failure due to a procidentia uteri: a case report.

    We report a case of complete uterine prolapse that resulted in bilateral hydroureter, hydronephrosis, and renal dysfunction. The nonoperative reduction of the prolapse with a vaginal pessary reversed the obstructive uropathy and ameliorated renal function. The lower urinary tract should be imaged in patients with complete uterine prolapse. If present, obstructive uropathy should be relieved by the reduction of the prolapse before irreversible renal damage occurs.
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ranking = 1
keywords = urinary
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10/32. Uncomplicated erosion of polytetrafluoroethylene grafts into the rectum.

    Synthetic materials are frequently used in gynecologic surgical procedures to repair pelvic floor hernias and prolapse and to form barriers to adhesion formation. Mesh erosion into the vagina and lower urinary tract are known complications. We report 2 cases of polytetrafluoroethylene mesh erosion into the rectum.
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ranking = 1
keywords = urinary
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