Cases reported "Uterine Rupture"

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11/286. perinatal mortality and maternal mortality at the Provincial Hospital, Quang Ngai, South vietnam, 1967-1970.

    The perinatal mortality, maternal mortality, infant mortality rates, and the complications of delivery at the Provincial Hospital of Quang Ngai, South vietnam are described. The perinatal mortality is the only valid statistic available as the infant usually leaves the hospital within three days of delivery. knowledge pertaining to the 4th to 28th day after birth is scanty and there is insufficient knowledge about the first year of life. infant mortality is estimated at 277 per 1,000 live births. The perinatal mortality 64.6 per 1,000 live births, and maternal mortality, 106 per 10,000 live births are extremely high in contrast to Western countries. The high perinatal mortality is attributable to deaths during birth, the neonatal and immediate postnatal period. The high maternal mortality is primarily due to caesarean section, anemia, uterine rupture, toxemia, post-partum hemorrhage and puerperal infection. ( info)

12/286. Rupture of left horn of bicornuate uterus at twenty weeks of gestation.

    Rupture uterus in nulliparous patients is generally associated with mullerian anomalies. A case of 23 years primigravida with 19 weeks gestation presenting with features of rupture is reported here. Ultrasound helped in the diagnosis of left horn of bicornuate uterus. After exploration, right ruptured horn was excised. The incidence, diagnosis and management of such cases is discussed. ( info)

13/286. Prenatal sonographic diagnosis of uterine rupture following open fetal surgery.

    BACKGROUND: Reported cases of uterine rupture diagnosed by ultrasound have shown fetal membranes ballooning through uterine rupture sites, or adjacent areas of hemorrhage. CASE: A 27-year-old gravida 3, para 2 had open fetal surgery to repair a fetal myelomeningocele at 28 weeks' gestation. Her postoperative course was complicated by threatened preterm labor and anhydramnios. At 33 weeks' gestation, with maternal symptoms of bowel obstruction, ultrasound showed a fetal leg and section of umbilical cord protruding through the uterine wall. CONCLUSION: Even in the presence of anhydramnios, uterine wall rupture was identified, because ultrasound evaluation of the uterine wall showed prolapsed fetal parts and umbilical cord. Persistent anhydramnios after open fetal surgery should prompt a search for uterine rupture. ( info)

14/286. uterine rupture during pregnancy following myomectomy via coelioscopy.

    A 33-year-old woman underwent a myomectomy via coelioscopy and then showed 5 years later a uterine rupture at the 32nd week of amenorrhea. The rupture was diagnosed after the echography, while there was no peritoneal maternal patency nor foetal consequence. After a cesarean and an uterine repair, the recovery of the mother was satisfactory but the newborn was to die at the 6th week of life. This obstetrical complication raises the problem of myomectomy via coelioscopy in young women, whose indications are being discussed. ( info)

15/286. uterine rupture associated with vaginal birth after cesarean section: a complication of intravaginal misoprostol?

    Intravaginal misoprostol has become increasingly employed for labor induction among patients with an unfavorable Bishop's score. Almost all of the reported studies have specifically excluded patients with prior uterine surgery. There has been, therefore, very little information concerning its usage among patients attempting vaginal birth after cesarean section. We report a patient with two prior low transverse uterine incisions who experienced uterine rupture after having received a single 25-microg intravaginal dose of misoprostol. ( info)

16/286. uterine rupture and dehiscence associated with intravaginal misoprostol cervical ripening.

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if the prostaglandin E1 analogue misoprostol, when used as an agent for cervical ripening, is associated with uterine rupture. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a two-year retrospective chart review to determine the incidence of uterine rupture in patients with a previous cesarean delivery undergoing cervical ripening or the induction of labor. RESULTS: Uterine dehiscence occurred in 1 and uterine rupture occurred in 3 of 48 women with a prior cesarean delivery treated with 50 micrograms doses of intravaginal misoprostol for cervical ripening. uterine rupture was found in 1 of 89 women who had an oxytocin infusion for induction of labor and none of the 24 patients who received intravaginal prostaglandin E2 placed for cervical ripening. CONCLUSION: Intravaginal misoprostol appears to be associated with an increased incidence of uterine rupture when used in patients undergoing a trial of labor after cesarean. ( info)

17/286. Spontaneous second trimester uterine rupture after classical cesarean.

    BACKGROUND: Several cases of spontaneous second trimester uterine rupture have been reported, but none as early as 15 weeks' gestation after classical cesarean and with placenta percreta. CASE: A 23-year-old woman, gravida 5, para 3, at 15 37 weeks' gestation with a history of classical cesarean incision presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain, hypotension, and tachycardia. Ultrasound showed a normal intrauterine pregnancy. She developed worsening pain, abdominal rebound, and abdominal distention. On exploratory laparotomy, a large uterine rupture was found and hysterectomy was done. CONCLUSION: Spontaneous uterine rupture after classical cesarean can occur as early as 15 weeks' gestation. uterine rupture must be considered in differential diagnoses of severe abdominal pain even in the early second trimester. ( info)

18/286. uterine rupture in pregnancy subsequent to previous laparoscopic electromyolysis. Case report and review of the literature.

    Reports about uterine rupture in pregnancy subsequent to previous laparoscopic surgery are not frequent. This may be due to the lack of long term follow up of patients who had undergone this surgery rather than the rarity of this complication. A case of uterine rupture subsequent to laparoscopic myomectomy is reported. An increasing rate of the occurrence of this complication is reviewed in current literature, thus reiterating the need for more stringent selection criteria for patients who benefit from this surgical technique. ( info)

19/286. fertility-sparing surgery, with subsequent pregnancy, in persistent gestational trophoblastic neoplasia: case report.

    Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) is primarily a disease of women of reproductive age. In most instances, it is cured by surgical evacuation of the uterus, with persistent disease being very sensitive to chemotherapy. hysterectomy, recommended for persistent chemotherapy-resistant uterine disease, may be unacceptable to the woman who wishes to maintain her fertility. Uterine resection of localized disease, with uterine reconstruction, may be a viable alternative. A case is presented of a woman with persistent uterine GTN, treated with localized uterine resection and reconstruction, followed by two successful pregnancies and deliveries. The literature is reviewed and potential pregnancy complications of this management, particularly uterine rupture, are discussed. ( info)

20/286. Management in intractable obstetric haemorrhage: an audit study on 61 cases.

    OBJECTIVE: To refine the indications of bilateral hypogastric artery ligation (BHAL) and angiographic selective embolisation (ASE) in intractable obstetric haemorrhage. DESIGN: an audit study. SETTING: Tertiary care university hospital. population AND methods: Retrospective analysis of 61 cases of obstetric intractable post partum haemorrhage (PPH) initially managed either by hysterectomy or a conservative approach in a tertiary referral centre between 1983 and 1998. Procedures were reviewed as a primary (P) or secondary (S) attempt to arrest the haemorrhagic process. RESULTS: Ten hysterectomies (5 P, 5 S), 49 BHAL (48 P, 1 S) and 9 ASE (8 P, 1S) were successfully performed in arresting the haemorrhagic process. There were 7 maternal deaths, 5 following hysterectomy and 2 following a conservative approach. Atony of the uterus was the main cause of haemorrhage (n=21) and genital tract laceration was associated with the worst prognosis. time-elapse between delivery and surgery appears to be the main prognostic factor. Nine patients became pregnant 1 to 4 years later following a conservative approach. CONCLUSIONS: ASE seems to be indicated in haemodynamically stable patients with birth canal trauma or uterine atony and clotting anomalies. BHAL is indicated when haemorrhage occurs after a cesarean section or when the patient is haemodynamically unstable. BHAL should be taught to Junior doctors in an attempt to decrease the number of patients transferred in tertiary referral centers for intractable PPH. This might also decrease the number of hysterectomies in intractable PPH. ( info)
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