Cases reported "Uveal Neoplasms"

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1/157. ciliary body melanocytoma with anterior segment pigment dispersion and elevated intraocular pressure.

    PURPOSE: To discuss a case in which melanocytoma of the ciliary body presented with widespread pigment dispersion and elevated intraocular pressure (IOP). methods: A 64-year old woman presented with increased IOP and persistent anterior segment inflammation in her right eye. She had undergone a trabeculectomy for uncontrolled IOP before presentation. Slit-lamp examination, gonioscopy, and ultrasound biomicroscopy revealed a ciliary body mass with extension into the subconjunctiva in addition to widespread pigmentary dispersion in the anterior segment. Enucleation of the right eye was performed for histopathologic evaluation, as a diagnosis of ciliary body melanoma was made on clinical examination. RESULTS: Histopathologic findings were diagnostic of a melanocytoma of the ciliary body with necrosis and focal malignant transformation with extension of melanocytoma cells and melanophages into the subconjunctival space, trabecular meshwork, and anterior chamber angle. CONCLUSION: Melanocytoma of the ciliary body is a rare intraocular tumor that may present with pigment dispersion and secondary elevated IOP. Careful examination of the anterior segment is imperative in such cases.
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2/157. adenocarcinoma of the nonpigmented ciliary body epithelium: report of a rare case.

    Acquired tumours of the nonpigmented ciliary body epithelium are rare. We present herein a case of low-grade adenocarcinoma in order to stress the problems related to the clinical diagnosis. The tumour in our case was circumscribed, localised on the ciliary body, and nonpigmented. The height of the tumour, measured with ultrasound biomicroscopy, was 3.5 mm. The internal reflectivity of the tumor was homogeneous with low attenuation. The tumour was surgically excised with an uneventful iridocyclectomy. Both clinical presentation and preoperative examinations allowed to circumscribe the correct diagnosis which could be confirmed only with histology.
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3/157. Malignant transformation of an optic disk melanocytoma.

    PURPOSE: To report a case of malignant transformation of an optic disk melanocytoma with a second melanocytoma in the ciliary body. methods: Clinical data including visual acuity, visual fields, color fundus photographs, fluorescein angiogram, and ultrasonogram and histopathologic studies of this case were reviewed. RESULTS: The right eye of a 65-year-old white woman was diagnosed with melanocytoma of the optic nerve. Four years later, the tumor became significantly larger. The best-corrected visual acuity declined from 20/40 to counting fingers and the size of the tumor increased fourfold in 2 years. The right globe was enucleated. Histopathologic studies demonstrated moderately pigmented spindle-B malignant melanoma cells adjacent to and within a population of large, polyhedral, heavily pigmented melanocytoma cells that extended to the lamina cribrosa and optic nerve. There was also a deeply pigmented melanocytoma in the ciliary body. CONCLUSION: This is a rare case of malignant melanoma transformed from an optic disk melanocytoma. Periodic follow-up of the patient with optic disk melanocytoma is necessary.
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4/157. Ring melanoma--a rare cause of refractory glaucoma.

    BACKGROUND: Ring melanoma of the ciliary body and iris is extremely rare and often has adverse histology. This tumour may cause raised intraocular pressure. methods: A review of four cases of ring melanomas with insidious presentations seen in the ocular oncology service over a 12 month period. RESULTS: All four patients presented with unilateral anterior segment abnormalities and refractory glaucoma. The misdiagnoses of the causes of the glaucoma included angle recession from previous blunt trauma (patient 1); iridocorneal endothelial (ice) syndrome supported by endothelial specular microscopy (patients 2 and 3); and melanocytoma on ciliary body biopsy (patient 4). Two patients were treated by several cyclodiode ciliary body ablation treatments and the other two underwent trabeculectomies and Molteno tubes. Two of the four patients have since died from their disease. CONCLUSION: The ophthalmologist should re-evaluate the diagnosis in patients with anterior segment abnormalities and refractory ipsilateral glaucoma. Endothelial specular microscopy and biopsy of the suspicious lesion may give misleading reassurance. The potential presence of an anterior uveal melanoma must always be considered.
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5/157. ciliary body schwannoma.

    PURPOSE: Intraocular schwannomas are very rare, benign, peripheral nerve neoplasms. The authors report a case of ciliary body schwannoma. METHOD: A 39-year-old Korean woman presented with slowly decreasing visual acuity and proptosis of the right eye for 4 years. At the time of her visit, the eyeball protruded and deviated laterally. She could not sense light with her right eye. We enucleated the eyeball. The enucleated eyeball with tumor was examined histopathologically, immunohistochemically, and under electron microscope. RESULTS: Microscopic examination revealed spindle cells and characteristic Antoni type A and B areas with Verocay bodies. Immunohistochemical study showed tumor cell expressions of S-100 and vimentin, but other immunohistochemical studies were negative. Electron microscopic examination demonstrated Luse body. CONCLUSIONS: We diagnosed the tumor as a schwannoma arising from the ciliary body on the basis of the above mentioned results. Schwannomas are very rare intraocular neoplasms, but they are benign so we should differentiate from other intraocular neoplasms.
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6/157. leiomyoma of the ciliary body. Report of 2 cases.

    PURPOSE AND methods: The files of the eye pathology Institute contain only two cases of leiomyoma of the ciliary body. The diagnoses were re-evaluated, applying modern immunostainings. RESULTS: The tumors were composed of interlacing fascicles of spindle-shaped cells with bright eosinophilic cytoplasm and cigar-shaped nuclei. Both tumors were well-vascularized, mostly by thin, branching capillaries. Larger vessels were also seen. In one case the tumor perforated the sclera. The tumor cells reacted with the reticulum stain and the Masson trichrome and were positive for antibodies against: smooth muscle actin (SMA), muscle specific actin (MSA), laminin and vimentin (one case). CONCLUSION: leiomyoma of the ciliary body is a rare smooth muscle cell tumor that may arise from either pericytes, ciliary - or intrascleral heterotopic muscle.
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7/157. leiomyoma of the ciliary body extending to the anterior chamber: clinicopathologic and ultrasound biomicroscopic correlation.

    leiomyoma of the ciliary body is a rare tumor that often causes a diagnostic dilemma. Sclerouvectomy has been found to be beneficial in the management of iris and ciliary body leiomyoma. We treated a case of leiomyoma of the ciliary body presenting as a fleshy mass in the anterior chamber, removed by partial lamellar sclerouvectomy. Ultrasound biomicroscopic and histopathologic features, including light microscopic, immunohistochemistry, and transmission electron microscopic features, were studied and the literature was reviewed.
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8/157. Intraocular melanoma spread to regional lymph nodes: report of two cases.

    PURPOSE: To report two cases of regional lymphatic spread of primary uveal melanoma. methods: The clinical records of two patients who underwent enucleation for uveal melanoma and later developed regional lymph node metastases were reviewed. One of the two eyes was initially treated with proton beam irradiation. Histologic sections of the enucleated eyes and excised lymph nodes were examined. RESULTS: The melanomas arose in the choroid and ciliary body of the two patients and spread to regional lymph nodes 2 years after enucleation. The choroidal melanoma recurred after irradiation, diffusely infiltrated the uveal tract, and extended into the conjunctiva via an emissary canal. The ciliary body melanoma spread through the trabecular meshwork to the conjunctiva. CONCLUSIONS: Choroidal and ciliary body melanoma may rarely exhibit regional lymph node metastasis. This mode of metastasis may occur after extraocular spread and invasion of conjunctival lymphatics.
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9/157. Malignant melanoma of the conjunctiva with intraocular extension.

    Intraocular extension of a malignant melanoma of the conjunctiva is a rare entity. A 75-year-old woman underwent repeated surgery after receiving the diagnosis of a multilocular recurrent malignant melanoma arising from a primary acquired melanosis. Treatment included 2 lamellar sclerokeratectomies and percutaneous radiotherapy. Five years after initial surgery, intraocular extension of the melanoma was observed, and enucleation was performed. Findings from histopathological examination revealed a malignant melanoma occupying part of the ciliary body, the trabecular meshwork, and the iris. Eyes with recurrent malignant melanoma of the conjunctiva should be carefully monitored for intraocular extension. Deep excision of conjunctival melanoma, including lamellar sclerokeratectomy, may abolish the natural barrier against intraocular extension of malignant melanomas of the conjunctiva.
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10/157. Melanocytoma of the ciliary body diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration biopsy.

    A 55-yr-old African American man was referred for evaluation of a mass involving the anterior choroid/ciliary body in his left eye. Dilated fundus examination revealed a large, deeply pigmented mass associated with an exudative retinal detachment. ultrasonography demonstrated an elevated mass which involved the anterior uvea and showed low reflectivity by standardized A-scan. Cytologic examination of fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy from the tumor was interpreted as a melanocytoma. The patient developed a total retinal detachment and secondary glaucoma which led to enucleation of the eye. Histopathologic examination confirmed the diagnosis of melanocytoma. To our knowledge, this is the first report in which the diagnosis of uveal melanocytoma was established by FNA biopsy and later confirmed histopathologically.
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