Cases reported "Uveitis"

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1/20. Acute eosinophilic interstitial nephritis and renal failure with bone marrow-lymph node granulomas and anterior uveitis. A new syndrome.

    We describe two patients with a unique granulomatous syndrome who presented with renal failure secondary to diffuse eosinophilic interstitial nephritis. Both had bilateral anterior uveitis, bone marrow granulomas, hypergammaglobulinemia and an increased sedimentation rate. One patient had lymph node granulomas and an immunoglobulin g (IgG) rheumatoid factor. An extensive investigation for an etiologic agent was unrewarding, and neither patient could be placed into any existing diagnostic category. Over a period of 2 years both patients have experienced improved renal function and dissolution of their bone marrow granulomas.
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2/20. Marginal keratitis associated with administration of filgrastim and sargramostim in a healthy peripheral blood progenitor cell donor.

    PURPOSE: To describe a 61-year-old healthy peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) donor who developed marginal keratitis and mild uveitis on the third day after receiving daily recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rhG-CSF; filgrastim) and recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rhGM-CSF; sargramostim) to mobilize PBPCs for allogeneic transplantation. methods: Interventional case report. RESULTS: The keratitis was treated with topical administration of 1% prednisolone acetate solution and resolved within 24 hours. The topical steroid dose was tapered and ultimately discontinued without recurrence of keratitis. CONCLUSION: Healthy PBPC donors receiving rhG-CSF or rhGM-CSF should be monitored for ocular complications, particularly marginal keratitis and uveitis.
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ranking = 132.85284097359
keywords = macrophage
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3/20. The role of mast cells in acute tubulo-interstitial nephritis with uveitis.

    We describe the clinicopathological characteristics of two patients with acute tubulo-interstitial nephritis with uveitis (TINU) with mast cells infiltrating the interstitium. The pathogenesis of TINU remains unknown, but a T-cell-mediated immune response was suggested to be involved. Recent studies have shown that infiltrating mast cells are closely associated with the development of renal interstitial fibrosis in glomerulonephritis. To address the role of mast cells in the renal interstitial injury in TINU, immunohistochemical studies were performed in renal biopsy sections using anti-human mast cell tryptase antibody specific for mast cells. In addition, we tried to detect CD68-positive macrophages to compare with the localisation of mast cells within the renal interstitium. mast cells and macrophages could be detected in renal interstitial lesions of both patients. Massive infiltration of macrophages into interstitial lesions was observed, whereas mast cells were detected in a sporadic rather than a clustered manner, and associated with fibrotic lesions. Repeat renal biopsy findings suggested the involvement of these cells in the renal interstitial injury because the number of infiltrating mast cells and macrophages in the interstitium decreased with the improvements in clinical symptoms and pathological lesions. CONCLUSION: The present study showed that mast cells might play an important role in the development of renal interstitial injury in tubulo-interstitial nephritis with uveitis.
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keywords = macrophage
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4/20. Juvenile ankylosing spondylitis with uveitis.

    A 17-year-old boy had suffered from right ankle arthralgia when he was 13 years old. He also had bilaterally congested conjunctivas and were erythematous around his right ankle joint. A soft tissue echo showed swelling of the right ankle joint. A Ga 67 scan revealed a focal elevated uptake in the right ankle, but a bone scan was negative. Reactive arthritis was suspected due to conjunctivitis, arthritis and a previous episode of watery diarrhea. An ophthalmologic examination showed no evidence of uveitis. Laboratory data were negative for rheumatoid factor, antinuclear antibody and anti-ds dna. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was 40 mm/hr and a histocompatibility test was positive for antigen B27. Based on the diagnosis of cellulitis and reactive arthritis, oxacillin and naproxen were given for 14 days. During follow-up at the OPD, bilateral arthralgia of the ankle joints was noted and a sonography showed bilateral edematous ankle joints. Juvenile ankylosing spondylitis (JAS) was suspected. Two years later, he had lower back pain and arthralgia of the knee joints with uveitis of the right eye. He was treated with naproxen and prednisolone. Because few JAS cases initially present as axial arthropathy or enthesopathy and uveitis is uncommon in children, we presented the case with a review of literature and conclusion that the possibility of JAS should be considered in young adolescent boys with arthritis of the lower limbs, enthesitis, a family history of related diseases and positive HLA-B27, as well as negative rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-nuclear antibody (ANA) results.
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keywords = bone
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5/20. uveitis, a presenting symptom of malignant histiocytosis.

    A patient presenting initially with bilateral uveitis was admitted 6 weeks later to the Department of internal medicine "A" because of fever, chills, and pancytopenia. physical examination, ultrasonography and CT scan revealed hepatosplenomegaly only, without lymphadenopathy. A bone marrow trephine biopsy showed areas with a dense infiltrate of abnormal cells, displaying many mitotic figures. Some of the cells resembled better differentiated histiocytes and contained hemosiderin pigment or phagocytosed erythrocytes. Immunohistological tests confirmed the diagnosis of malignant histiocytosis (MH). A survey of the literature revealed two other cases with uveitis and MH.
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keywords = bone
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6/20. A case of progressive hemifacial atrophy with uveitis and retinal vasculitis.

    Parry Romberg syndrome is a rare disorder characterised by progressive hemifacial atrophy that is usually unilateral, involving the skin, subcutaneous tissue, and subsequently the muscle, cartilage and bone. Previous cases with various ocular manifestations have been reported. A case of Parry Romberg syndrome with retinal vasculitis is reported.
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7/20. Acute interstitial nephritis and uveitis syndrome: activated immune cell infiltration in the kidney.

    Infiltrating cells were analysed in renal biopsy tissue obtained from a 15-year-old girl with acute interstitial nephritis and uveitis using monoclonal antibodies specific for mononuclear cell surface markers. The interstitial infiltrates consisted mainly of T cells and monocytes/macrophages. A considerable proportion of the infiltrating cells were identified by a monoclonal antibody against the interleukin-2 receptor, indicating that a majority of those immune cells are activated. This observation documents the participation of cell-mediated immune injury in interstitial nephritis associated with uveitis.
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ranking = 132.85284097359
keywords = macrophage
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8/20. Chronic immune thrombocytopenia in sarcoidosis.

    We report a 69 year-old female with sarcoidosis who developed chronic thrombocytopenia, a rare complication of this disorder. Histologically normal bone marrow with increased number of megakaryocytes and high level of PAIgG strongly suggest the immune destruction of platelets as the cause of thrombocytopenia. In addition to thrombocytopenia, this case is also distinctive in its clinical manifestation. The patient developed several infrequent manifestations of sarcoidosis including complete AV block, uveitis, skin eruptions and middle lobe syndrome, but, did not have an intrathoracic adenopathy, the commonest manifestation of this disease.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = bone
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9/20. Immunopathologic study of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome.

    We studied an enucleated eye from a patient with a 30-year history of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome using both conventional and immunohistochemical techniques. Clinically, the eye was in the end stage of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome, and was characterized by the absence of inflammation, large areas of chorioretinal scarring, and pigmentary changes. Histopathologic examination showed marked retinal gliosis, extensive chorioretinal adhesion and scar formation, migration of pigment into the retina, and severe retinal pigment epithelial changes. However, foci of mild to moderate nongranulomatous inflammation of the uvea were observed. These foci contained infiltrating cells that were mainly T lymphocytes with B lymphocyte aggregates at the center. Scattered macrophages were also noted in the uvea and retina. These findings suggest that both the cell-mediated and humoral immune arms may play roles in the pathogenesis of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome.
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ranking = 132.85284097359
keywords = macrophage
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10/20. Acute interstitial nephritis with bone marrow granulomas and uveitis.

    A case of interstitial nephritis with bone marrow granulomas and uveitis was presented. A 53-year-old woman was found to be uremic in the course of rheumatoid arthritis. The renal biopsy revealed acute interstitial nephritis with eosinophilic infiltration. She also had bone marrow granulomas and uveitis. These findings were compatible with those of the syndrome described by Dobrin et al. The etiology and the pathogenesis of this syndrome remain unknown. However, the elevation of the erythrocyte sedimentation rate, raised levels of serum immunoglobulins, presence of circulating immune complexes and decreased T-cell population observed in this patient suggest the involvement of immunological disorders.
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