Cases reported "Vaginal Fistula"

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11/91. Biliary stent causing colovaginal fistula: case report.

    OBJECTIVES: Perforation of the bowel during placement of a biliary stent is a known complication of this procedure. We report the endoluminal loss of a biliary stent during routine stent extraction that ultimately led to a chronic colovaginal fistula. This case emphasizes the need for evaluation of fecal passage of stents in patients with a known dislodged prosthesis. CASE REPORT: A 65-year-old white female underwent biliary stent placement for an episode of choledocholithiasis. The stent was lost in the duodenum during routine extraction. The patient was managed expectantly. She denied ever passing this stent via the rectum and began to develop symptoms of colovaginal fistula. Evaluation found a retained biliary stent in the sigmoid colon and a fistula into the vagina. The patient underwent elective low anterior resection and colovaginal fistula repair. DISCUSSION: Reports exist of migration of stents that lead to acute colonic perforation and the need for emergent surgery. For this reason, it has been suggested that dropped or migrated stents be purposefully retrieved. However, if the option of expectant observation is used, it is important to clearly document the fecal passage of these stents and be prepared to retrieve these objects if they have a prolonged bowel transit time. ( info)

12/91. Entero mesh vaginal fistula secondary to abdominal sacral colpopexy.

    BACKGROUND: Abdominal sacral colpopexy is a popular method for resupporting the vaginal apex. Bleeding and infection are the most common complications. We report a complication resulting in a small bowel fistula. CASE: A 48-year-old woman developed a chronic vaginal discharge 4-6 months after routine abdominal sacral colpopexy in which a velour mesh remained exposed in the pelvis. Conservative measures failed to control the intermittent copious discharge from the upper vaginal vault where the mesh was visualized. At laparotomy, an entero mesh vaginal fistula was discovered. Excellent long-term results were obtained by removal of the mesh along with resection of the involved small intestine. CONCLUSION: At the time of abdominal sacral colpopexy, we recommend that mesh not remain exposed in the pelvis. ( info)

13/91. Abdominal sacral colpopexy mesh erosion resulting in a sinus tract formation and sacral abscess.

    BACKGROUND: Complications associated with the use of synthetic mesh during an abdominal sacral colpopexy procedure include mesh infection and erosion into the vaginal vault and sacral osteomyelitis. CASE: This case report describes the management of an abdominal sacral colpopexy procedure that was complicated by postoperative vaginal mesh erosion, formation of a fistulous tract from the vaginal apex to the sacrum, and development of diskitis, osteomyelitis, and a sacral abscess. CONCLUSION: Treatment of a vaginal mesh erosion complicated by the formation of a sinus tract after abdominal sacral colpopexy should include extensive sinus tract resection in addition to complete mesh removal. ( info)

14/91. Laparoscopic treatment of post-hysterectomy colovaginal fistula in diverticular disease. Case report.

    Colonic diverticular disease is a benign condition typical of the western world, but it is not rare for even the 1st episode of diverticulitis to carry potentially fatal complications. The evolution of a peridiverticular process generally poses problems for medical treatment and exposes patients to repeated episodes of diverticulitis, making surgical treatment necessary in approximately 30% of symptomatic patients. One of the most worrying complications of diverticulosis is internal fistula. The most common types of fistula are colovesical and colovaginal, against which the uterus can act as an important protective factor. The symptoms and the clinical and instrumental management of patients with diverticular fistulas are much the same as for patients with episodes of acute diverticulitis. Staging of the disease (according to Hinchey) should be done promptly so that the necessary action can be taken prior to surgery, implementing total parenteral nutrition (TPN), nasogastric aspiration and broad-spectrum antibiotic treatment. The best surgical approach to adopt in patients with diverticulitis complicated by fistula is still not entirely clear, though the 3-step strategy is currently tending to be abandoned due to its high morbidity and mortality rates. There is a widespread conviction, however, that the 2-step strategy (Hartmann, or resection with protective stomy) and the 1-step alternative should be reserved, respectively, for patients in Hinchey stages 3, 4 and 1, 2 with a situation of attenuated local inflammation. The 1-step approach seems to be safe and effective. This report describes a case of colovaginal fistula in a patient with colonic diverticulosis who had recently undergone hysterectomy, but who, unlike such cases in the past, was treated in a single step using a laparoscopic technique. ( info)

15/91. Hypogastric arterial-vaginal fistula following multiple surgeries and pelvic radiotherapy.

    A patient with recurrent sigmoid colon cancer developed an arterial-vaginal fistula after multiple surgeries and postoperative radiotherapy. angiography revealed a fistula between the hypogastric artery and vaginal wall. Gelfoam and coil embolization controlled the hemorrhage and she recovered without incident. This case illustrates development of malignant fistula and intervention with embolization in a patient with multiple surgeries and postoperative irradiation in the pelvis. ( info)

16/91. Transvaginal sonographic diagnosis of a tumor fistula.

    We report on two cases of advanced pelvic cancer in women who presented with profuse vaginal watery discharge. In both cases, transvaginal ultrasound revealed a fistulous tract connecting the tumor to the apex of the vaginal vault. The differential diagnoses and a review of the literature are discussed. ( info)

17/91. Surgisistrade mark mesh: a novel approach to repair of a recurrent rectovaginal fistula.

    PURPOSE: This study was designed to repair a recurrent rectovaginal fistula using a new surgical approach that incorporates a Surgisistrade mark mesh. methods: A 63-year-old female with a history of recurrent rectovaginal fistula, which was treated originally by a traditional mucosal advancement flap technique, underwent a surgical procedure in which a biocompatible mesh was incorporated into the repair. RESULTS: The patient was symptom-free one-year after the procedure. CONCLUSIONS: Surgery for recurrent rectovaginal fistula incorporating a Surgisistrade mark mesh can be used as an innovative option. ( info)

18/91. Treatment of small intestinal fistulas with octreotide, a somatostatin analog.

    Three patients with external small bowel fistulas were successfully treated with bowel rest, total parenteral nutrition, and the somatostatin analog, octreotide. Two of the patients had received prior multimodality therapy, including radiation, for gynecologic cancer. The time intervals to fistula closure were 2 days, 10 days, and 5 weeks after initiation of octreotide therapy. The efficacy of octreotide combined with total parenteral nutrition in the treatment of external enteric fistulas supports its routine use, especially in previously irradiated patients. ( info)

19/91. Bilateral ureterovaginal fistula treated by psoas hitch and uretero-appendicocystostomy.

    Reconstruction of bilaterally damaged ureters after pelvic surgery is challenging. We successfully treated such a patient with a uretero-appendicocystostomy on the right side and a psoas hitch on the left side. ( info)

20/91. Fallopian tube prolapse after laparoscopic resection of pelvic endometriosis.

    BACKGROUND: Fallopian tube prolapse is an unusual but often reported complication after hysterectomy. This problem has not yet been reported in a patient undergoing laparoscopy but not hysterectomy. CASE: Fallopian tube prolapse was diagnosed in a patient after laparoscopic excision of pelvic endometriosis, without hysterectomy. The prolapsed fallopian tube was preserved by laparoscopic retrieval from the vagina and closure of the vaginoperitoneal fistula. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic surgery, when associated with the creation of a vaginoperitoneal fistula, is a risk factor for fallopian tube prolapse. This problem can be diagnosed and safely managed with a laparoscopic approach. ( info)
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