Cases reported "Vaginal Neoplasms"

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31/98. Low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma presenting as vaginal nodule.

    Endometrial stromal sarcoma is a rare neoplasm of the uterus. Extrauterine locations of this neoplasm, excluding metastases or local extension, are even more unusual and are usually associated with the presence of endometriosis. The authors report a case of endometrial stromal sarcoma presenting as a vaginal wall nodule, without any sign of primary uterine tumor after extensive evaluation or presence of endometriosis. The morphology, immunohistochemical profile, differential diagnoses, and pathogenesis are discussed, as well as a review of the literature on this issue.
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ranking = 1
keywords = sarcoma
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32/98. Primary vaginal adenosarcoma with sarcomatous overgrowth.

    BACKGROUND: Primary vaginal adenosarcomas are extremely rare, and typical adenosarcomas are of low malignancy. However, aggressive forms with sarcomatous overgrowth have been reported, those appear to have a poor prognosis. CASE: A 52-year-old woman who had undergone prior surgery for uterine leiomyoma and an ovarian cyst (total abdominal hysterectomy and left salpingo-oophorectomy) presented 10 years later with a rapidly enlarging tumor arising from the vaginal cuff. Repetitive biopsy samples revealed a mixture of benign epithelial gland and malignant stromal components with periglandular stromal hypercellularity and sarcomatous overgrowth. A histological diagnosis of mullerian adenocarcinoma was made. The patient died from recurrent disease 9 months after surgery. CONCLUSION: Regardless of primary focus, adenosarcoma with sarcomatous overgrowth is associated with postoperative recurrence and a fatal outcome.
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ranking = 2.3333333333333
keywords = sarcoma
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33/98. A case with multiple gynecological malignancies.

    A patient with cervical non-Hodgkin lymphoma was treated with chemotherapy. Fourteen months after the diagnosis of the lymphoma, an endometrial adenocarcinoma was detected as a secondary malignant tumor. The patient was treated with surgery followed by radiotherapy. Approximately 7 years after the diagnosis of endometrial cancer, vaginal invasive squamous cell carcinoma was diagnosed as the third primary malignancy, and a second-line palliative radiotherapy was applied. Seven months after the last radiotherapy, postradiational sarcoma in the vagina was diagnosed. Congenital and acquired immune system disorders, viral oncogenes, and various human leukocyte antigen (HLA) types were investigated. Total blood count and lymphocyte subset analysis were performed, and CD4 lymphopenia was detected. serologic tests were carried out for human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis b virus, human papillomavirus, Epstein-Barr virus, and herpes simplex virus infection. Epstein-Barr virus viral capsid antigen IgG was found positive. Low-risk human papillomavirus panel was detected by Hybrid Capture method in the cervical smear. The HLA investigation revealed HLA-A2, HLA-A3, HLA-B57, HLA-B35, HLA-B4, HLA-B6, HLA-DR3, HLA-DR1, HLA-DR51, HLA-DR52, HLA-DQ6(1), and HLA-DQ7(3). The patient died because of the disease.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = sarcoma
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34/98. Primary malignant vaginal melanoma treated with adriamycin and ifosfamide: a case report and literature review.

    BACKGROUND: Vaginal melanoma is a very rare but highly malignant gynecological disease, usually diagnosed in postmenopausal woman. The prognosis tends to be poor and it is associated with high rate of recurrence and short survival rates. CASE: The following paper describes a case report regarding a 72-year-old woman with a locally advanced malignant melanoma. The previous erroneous histopathological diagnosis was leiomyosarcoma. She underwent chemotherapy with 3 courses of doxorubicin and ifosfamide. The diagnosis of malignant melanoma was obtained after a repeated biopsy and further pathological investigations. She later underwent radical surgery and 2 additional cycles of the same chemotherapy. At present, 7 months after the last cycle, the patient was locally disease-free, but developed brain metastases, requiring chemotherapy treatment. CONCLUSION: In view of poor survival, this chemotherapy regimen may be an interesting alternative to the traditional treatment of vaginal melanoma.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = sarcoma
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35/98. Botryoid rhabdomyosarcoma of vagina--two case reports.

    Botryoid rhabdomyosarcoma, previously considered a type of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma, has clinicopathological features distinctive enough to warrant its classification as a separate entity. It almost always occurs in children under 5 years of age. Two cases of botryoid rhabdomyosarcoma are reported here because of their relative rarity.
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ranking = 1.1666666666667
keywords = sarcoma
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36/98. Benign mullerian papilloma of childhood.

    Benign mullerian papilloma of the female reproductive tract is a rare childhood tumor that can easily be mistaken by those unfamiliar with the entity for botryoid rhabdomyosarcoma. Ultrastructural findings have been mentioned only in two individual case reports, and these both were issued many years ago. The aim of this update is to familiarize the reader with the clinical, light, and electron microscopic features associated with this distinctive entity, and thereby hopefully preclude the risk of making a serious diagnostic error. Two cases are illustrated, one very typical in its presentation and the other less so.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = sarcoma
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37/98. caffeine-potentiated chemotherapy for metastatic carcinoma and lymphoma of bone and soft tissue.

    BACKGROUND: We previously reported that caffeine-potentiated chemotherapy induced significantly good response in patients with musculoskeletal sarcomas. In that series, patients with metastatic carcinoma or lymphoma were treated with caffeine-potentiated chemotherapy. patients AND methods: Five patients with metastatic carcinoma or lymphoma were treated with caffeine-potentiated chemotherapy. RESULTS: Primary tumors were diagnosed as breast cancer, adenocarcinoma of the lung, clear cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and gastric cancer. Good responses (gross tumor shrinkage >30%, or histologically >90% necrosis) to chemotherapy were seen in all five patients. survival time was >1 year in all patients, and three out of five patients presented no evidence of local recurrence or metastasis at the final follow-up. CONCLUSION: caffeine-potentiated chemotherapy may be of benefit for malignant tumors other than musculoskeletal sarcoma.
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ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = sarcoma
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38/98. Recurrent aggressive angiomyxoma of vagina--a case report.

    Aggressive angiomyxoma is a rare tumour, which presents as a painless expanding mass in the vulvo-vaginal region. It usually occurs in 2nd to 3rd decades of life. It behaves like a low-grade sarcoma with high propensity for local spread and recurrence and can involve vulva, perineum, vagina and urinary bladder. It is difficult to differentiate clinically this tumour from other mesenchymal tumours occurring in this region. Microscopically it must be differentiated from malignant tumours with myxoid change, like liposarcoma and myxoid leiomyosarcoma. Hence, histopathologic examination has a central role in diagnosis of this tumour. We are presenting a case of young woman, who came with history of swelling in vulva and perineum. Imaging studies in the perineal region revealed a large pelvic mass. Fine needle aspiration cytology was inconclusive due to scanty material. Enucleation of mass was attempted in first surgery but complete extirpation could not be performed. The swelling recurred within few weeks after surgery and required irradiation. A second surgery, however, was successful in complete removal of the tumour.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = sarcoma
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39/98. A case of postirradiation vaginal angiosarcoma treated with recombinant interleukin-2 therapy.

    Angiosarcoma of the vagina is an extremely rare neoplasm and is characterized by frequent recurrence and early metastatic spread. Although previous reports emphasized the poor prognosis of this disease, effective treatment strategies have not been adequately stated. We report a case of angiosarcoma of the vagina, in which the diagnosis was made 9 years after intrapelvic irradiation, and recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2) therapy could be effective to suppress the development of distant metastasis. We recommend rIL-2 therapy in combination with irradiation as a palliative therapeutic option for vaginal angiosarcoma when the tumor is inoperable or the patient refuses to undergo surgery. Although vaginal angiosarcoma is an extremely rare condition, its possibility should be borne in mind when finding a vaginal mass in a previously irradiated patient.
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ranking = 1.3333333333333
keywords = sarcoma
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40/98. A case of alveolar soft part sarcoma with vaginal metastasis: successful control of vaginal bleeding with external beam irradiation.

    Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) of the vagina is an exceptionally rare neoplasm. Furthermore, vaginal metastasis of ASPS has not been reported. A 28-year-old woman with a history of a right thigh mass diagnosed as ASPS excised 8 years ago presented to the emergency room with massive vaginal bleeding and anemia. biopsy of a vaginal mass revealed that the tumor was a vaginal metastasis of ASPS. For control of intractable bleeding and preventing further transfusions, palliative radiation therapy was planned. She received a total of 39 Gy (daily 3 Gy, using 15-MV photons), and after 6-Gy irradiation, there was no more vaginal bleeding and no more transfusion needed. This is the first case of vaginal metastasis of ASPS reported in the literature that was manifested by intractable vaginal bleeding, which was controlled successfully with radiation therapy.
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ranking = 0.83333333333333
keywords = sarcoma
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