Cases reported "Varicocele"

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1/65. Spontaneous remission of solitary bony metastasis after removal of the primary kidney adenocarcinoma.

    The second case of spontaneous remission of a biopsy-proved osseous metastasis from a renal carcinoma is reported. The unusual feature of the patient presenting with a right varicocele and no hematuria is extremely rare.
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ranking = 1
keywords = varicocele
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2/65. Abdominal aortic aneurysm with aorta-left renal vein fistula with left varicocele.

    Abdominal aortic aneurysm with spontaneous aorto-left renal vein fistula is a rare but well-described clinical entity usually with abdominal pain, hematuria, and a nonfunctioning left kidney. This report describes a 44-year-old man with left-sided groin pain and varicocele who was treated with conservative measures only. The diagnosis was eventually made when he returned with microscopic hematuria, elevated serum creatinine level, and nonfunction of the left kidney; computed tomography scan demonstrated a 6-cm abdominal aortic aneurysm, a retroaortic left renal vein, and an enlargement of the left kidney. This patient represents the youngest to be reported with aorto-left renal vein fistula and the second case with a left-sided varicocele.
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ranking = 6
keywords = varicocele
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3/65. Intratesticular varicocele treated with percutaneous embolization.

    Intratesticular varicocele is an extremely rare and a relatively new clinical entity. A 22-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with left testicular pain. On physical examination, a grade III varicocele was noted on the left side, and the testis was soft as well. Gray-scale ultrasound and color Doppler ultrasound examinations revealed intratesticular and extratesticular varicocele. Testicular venography failed to demonstrate the testicular vein. Percutaneous embolization was performed through direct puncture to the dilated veins. Percutaneous embolization under local anesthesia is an alternative treatment to other techniques.
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ranking = 7
keywords = varicocele
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4/65. Right varicocele associated with inferior vena cava malformation in situs inversus: percutaneous treatment with retrograde sclerotherapy.

    Isolated right varicocele is a rare condition. It could be secondary to a retroperitoneal neoplastic mass involving the right internal spermatic vein, but sometimes, an anatomic variant must be considered. We present a case of a young man with situs inversus and right varicocele, a mirror image of the normal condition, associated with inferior vena cava malformation, who was treated successfully with retrograde selective percutaneous sclerotherapy of the right internal spermatic vein. Selective sclerotherapy of the internal spermatic vein at the time of venography has proved to be a valuable therapeutic option in right-sided varicocele associated with anatomic abnormalities.
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ranking = 7
keywords = varicocele
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5/65. Bahren types III and IVa testicular vein anomalies as a reason for failure in left idiopathic varicocele retrograde sclerotherapy. Ontogenic discussion and clinical implications.

    Left testicular vein anatomy has received more attention due to the presence of competent or incompetent venous valves and bypassing anastomoses, which are involved in venographic diagnosis and embolisation of varicocele. The left gonadal vein develops, in both males and females, between the 5th and 7th intrauterine weeks, being derived from the distal or postrenal portion of the left subcardinal vein. The varicocele aetiologic hypothesis leads to ontogenetic disturbances in the development of the secondary venous system. Retrograde testicular venography shows the precise anatomy of the left pampiniform plexus, while anterograde testicular venography identifies the presence of the valve and possible continence. In the present case sclerotherapy could not be achieved due to testicular vein anomalies. sclerotherapy versus surgical high ligature of the left testicular vein in cases of left idiopathic varicocele with testicular vein anomalies is discussed.
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ranking = 7
keywords = varicocele
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6/65. Unusual clinical manifestations of the Nutcracker syndrome.

    The Nutcracker syndrome, caused by compression of the left renal vein as it passes in a tight angle between the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery, usually presents with unexplained haematuria localized to the left ureteric orifice. We report on a series of cases where compression of the left renal vein caused prominent left-gonadal-vein reflux, which in turn resulted in lower-limb varices and varicocele formation.
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ranking = 1
keywords = varicocele
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7/65. Venographic demonstration of a varicocele in a boy.

    A case is presented to illustrate the evaluation of varicocele in a boy by a combined technique of spermatic venography and excretory urography. The pertinent technical, anatomical and clinical considerations are discussed. varicocele is a clinical diagnosis. If the diagnosis is suspected or the clinical presentation is unusual, then a combined technique of spermatic venography and excretory urography may be of value.
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ranking = 5
keywords = varicocele
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8/65. Intratesticular varicocele: Report of two cases.

    Intratesticular varicocele is a rare entity and describes dilated intratesticular veins radiating from the mediastinum testis into the testicular parenchyma. Scrotal ultrasonography of two patients who presented to our urology clinic due to left scrotal pain revealed multiple tubular structures in the testes with diameters of more than 2 mm. Duplex spectral analysis showed a reversed flow response to Valsalva's maneuver. Apropos of two cases, intratesticular varicocele is reviewed.
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ranking = 6
keywords = varicocele
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9/65. Sperm mitochondrial mutations as a cause of low sperm motility.

    We report the unique case of a 28-year-old man who, in spite of having a varicocele and a sperm concentration of 5 million/mL, of which 10% were motile and 20% had normal forms (oligoasthenoteratozoospermia [OAT]), was fertile. This was confirmed by paternity testing using 16 autosomal and 6 Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci. An analysis of mitochondrial genes that included cytochrome oxidase I (COI), cytochrome oxidase II (COII), adenosine triphosphate synthase6 (ATPase6), ATPase8, transfer ribonucleic acid (tRNA) serine I, tRNA lysine, and NADH dehydrogenase3 (ND3) revealed, for the first time, 9 missense and 27 silent mutations in the sperm's mitochondrial dna (mtDNA) but not in the dna from the blood cells. There was a 2-nucleotide deletion in the mitochondrial COII genes, introducing a stop codon, which might be responsible for low sperm motility.
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ranking = 1
keywords = varicocele
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10/65. Inguinal hernia and concomitant varicocele mimicking mesh complication.

    In males inguinal hernia and varicocele are frequent diseases with a reported incidence of 1-2 % for hernia (Klinge 2000) and up to 20 % (Mickevicius et al. 2002) for varicocele. In 1997 approximately 220,000 inguinal herniotomies were performed in germany (Horeyseck 1997). Leading symptoms in both diseases are complaints and dragging pain in the inguinal region radiating into the testis. Surgeons treat traditionally inguinal hernia whereas varicocele is the domain of urologists. Coincident appearance of inguinal hernia and varicocele is expected to be more frequent with regard to the pathogenesis (Friedman et al. 1993; Nakada et al. 1994; Rosch et al. 2002; Rovsing 1916; Santoro et al. 2000; Wagh and Read 1972). Therefore both surgeon and urologist should see patients with inguinal hernia or varicocele. If patients with hernia repair postoperatively suffer from similar complaints again, it should not be interpreted rashly as mesh complication (Conze et al. 2001). The need for an improved assessment has been recognized (Kehlet et al. 2002). It sounds reasonable to assume, that quite a number of patients with complaints after successful hernia repair may suffer from an undiagnosed varicocele. We present a case of inguinal hernia with mesh implantation and concomitant varicocele as an example for mesh-unrelated postherniorrhaphy pain.
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ranking = 11
keywords = varicocele
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