Cases reported "Vascular Calcification"

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1/7. Giant ureteral stone in association with primary megaureter presenting as an acute abdomen.

    A 20-year-old woman presented with abdominal pain of 4-h duration and of sudden onset. A plain abdominal radiograph showed a giant ureteral stone measuring 12 cm causing ureteral obstruction. Abdominal ultrasound revealed severe dilatation of the two upper thirds of the left ureter and a hydronephrotic ipsilateral kidney. Subsequent renal scan demonstrated that it was a non-functional kidney while the contralateral kidney was normal. A left nephroureterectomy was performed.
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keywords = kidney
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2/7. Ruptured giant liver cyst: a rare cause of acute abdomen in a haemodialysis patient with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease.

    Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a common hereditary disorder. Although liver involvement is the most frequent extra-renal manifestation, serious complications due to liver cysts are very rare. We report the occurrence of an acute abdomen caused by massive haemoperitoneum resulting from rupture of a giant liver cyst in ADPKD. Data suggest that chronic anticoagulation therapy should be avoided where possible in the presence of a giant liver cyst.
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keywords = kidney disease, kidney
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3/7. Acute loss of the small bowel in a school-age boy. Difficult choices: to sustain life or to stop treatment?

    A 9-year-old boy lost almost all his small bowel after an acute volvulus due to a congenital, but previously unsuspected malrotation. survival using total parenteral nutrition is possible in these cases, but the medical burden is heavy. Small intestinal transplantation was performed for the first time in the netherlands in 2001 and this patient was treated 3 years earlier. The results of bowel transplantation are not as good as in kidney or liver transplantation. A method of Ethical Case Deliberation helped to elucidate the importance of each contribution in the discussion and provided space and a broad basis for decision-making. The parents refused to allow parenteral nutrition to be started because of the bad prospects for quality of life in the future and the medical team, after thorough deliberation with specialists throughout the country, and consultation of the literature, agreed. CONCLUSION: Despite the many different opinions, the parents felt accepted in their refusal of treatment for their son and the team accepted the decision.
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keywords = kidney
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4/7. Wilms' tumor with acute abdominal pain.

    Acute abdominal pain is the presenting manifestation in approximately 30% of all patients with Willms' tumor. In a small proportion of these patients this pain is significant enough to engender a diagnosis of an acute surgical abdomen. Six of 38 patients with Wilms' tumors treated between the years 1965 and 1975 at the Shands teaching Hospital of the University of florida Medical Center have had significant pain. Our experience with these patients emphasizes the importance of thoroughly palpating the abdomen of any child with a suspected acute surgical condition, following induction of anesthesia and prior to initiating the operation. In the absence of any evidence of an acute surgical problem at the time of the exploratory laparotomy, it is also imperative that a careful intra-abdominal examination be performed to exclude the presence of conditions, such as wilms tumor of the kidney, that may occasionally present in this manner.
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keywords = kidney
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5/7. Spontaneous rupture of the kidney: a cause of acute abdominal pain. Case report.

    We report on 5 patients who presented with acute onset of abdominal pain, a palpable mass, and a rapid decrease in hemoglobin. All 5 patients had been entirely free of urological symptoms until shortly before hospitalization. Spontaneous rupture of a kidney with an underlying pathological condition was found in all cases. In 2 cases the underlying lesion was renal cell carcinoma, while in the other 3 cases the lesion was a renal angiomyolipoma, a polycystic kidney and hydronephrosis secondary to UPJ obstruction, respectively. The importance of considering the possibility of spontaneous rupture of the kidney in the evaluation of cases of an acute abdomen is stressed.
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keywords = kidney
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6/7. Spontaneous rupture of the kidney.

    Two cases of spontaneous rupture of the kidney manifesting as acute abdomen are described. In both cases urgent transabdominal nephrectomy was carried out. The whole distal half of the kidney was tumorous and rupture, with extensive perirenal and retroperitoneal haemorrhage. Histological findings showed in the first instance renal liposarcoma, in the second instance an atypical lipoma of the kidney. The first patient survives 4 years, the second one year, after the operation both are in a good condition.
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keywords = kidney
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7/7. Spontaneous kidney rupture due to a metastatic renal tumour. Case report.

    Spontaneous rupture of the kidney is an uncommon entity. In most cases the non-traumatic rupture is associated with underlying diseases of the kidney, the most frequent being renal tumours. We report the case of a spontaneous kidney rupture due to a renal metastasis from an adenocarcinoma of the colon.
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keywords = kidney
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