Cases reported "Vascular Diseases"

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1/11. Giant cervical epidural veins after lumbar puncture in a case of intracranial hypotension.

    A 29-year-old woman presented with dilated epidural veins and incapacitating headache after undergoing a lumbar puncture. Two months later, the results of follow-up MR imaging were normal. These findings suggest that temporary dilation of the epidural vein may occur in association with post-lumbar puncture intracranial hypotension syndrome. In these cases, it seems useful to confirm whether the patient has recently undergone a lumbar puncture.
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2/11. Occlusion of azygos vein via direct percutaneous puncture of innominate vein following cavopulmonary anastomosis.

    A 2-year-10-month-old boy was diagnosed with a complex congenital heart disease: right atrial isomerism, left superior vena cava (LSVC), complete atrioventricular septal defect, secundum type atrial septal defect, transposition of the great arteries with pulmonary atresia, patent ductus arteriosus, absence of a right superior vena cava (RSVC), and dextrocardia. He had received a left Blalock-Taussig (BT) shunt at the age of 3 months and a left bidirectional Glenn shunt one year after BT shunt. Progressive cyanosis was noted after the second operation and cardiac catheterization showed a functional Glenn shunt with an engorged azygos vein, which was inadvertently skipped for ligation. Because of the absence of RSVC, transcatheter occlusion of the azygos vein was performed successfully via direct puncture of the innominate vein.
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3/11. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt in cavernomatous portal vein occlusion.

    A 72-year-old patient with liver cirrhosis and cavernomatous portal vein occlusion presented with refractory ascites. We treated the patient with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt: transjugular transhepatic puncture of an intrahepatic hilar collateral vein was performed; transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt was created between the right hepatic vein and the patent superior mesenteric vein using this hilar collateral vein as the connecting pathway. The ascites was resolved and the patient remains asymptomatic, while shunt patency is maintained 16 months after the intervention.
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4/11. Vascular complications of the intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation.

    From September 1994 to December 2002, 6,274 cardiosurgery operations were performed at the Department of Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital, Hradec Kralove, czech republic. Intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABP) was applied in 192 cases (3.1%). From this group of 192 counterpulsated patients 103 were successfully treated (53.6%); 89 counterpulsated patients (46.4%) died from the surgical procedure (30-day mortality rate). In 5 cases (2.6%) from the group of 192, the IABP was introduced before the operation. Ischemic changes of the limb were observed in 11 cases (5.7%). Significant bleeding occurred at the site of puncture in 6 cases (3.1%). dissection of the femoral and iliac arteries was found in 2 patients (1.0%), perforation of the iliac artery in 1 case (0.5%). In 2 cases (1.0%) the balloon was led into the venous system. In case report No. 1 an introduction of the balloon under a sclerotic plaque of the descending aorta and iliac artery is described. In case report No. 2 a placement of the balloon in the venous bloodstream is reported.
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5/11. Peripheral vascular complications from percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty: a comparison with transfemoral cardiac catheterization.

    The peripheral vascular complications associated with percutaneous transfemoral coronary angioplasty were compared with those that occurred during conventional transfemoral cardiac catheterization. Among 644 patients undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), 6 patients (0.9%) suffered peripheral vascular complications, whereas 35 of 2904 patients having cardiac catheterizations (1.2%) had a peripheral vascular complication. The types of complications associated with both procedures were similar and included groin hematomas, false aneurysms, arterial dissection, arterial perforation, and neurological deficits. The frequency of surgical repair of these complications also was similar in the two groups (50% required repair for a PTCA complication, 34% were repaired after a catheterization complication). The PTCA-associated complications included one myocardial infarction and one death, whereas neither of these occurred in association with a catheterization-induced vascular complication. The surgical management of five of the six PTCA complications was difficult, largely because of the size of the sheath-related puncture site and the presence of active bleeding from the associated systemic anticoagulation. PTCA carries the same risk of development of a peripheral vascular complication as found in transfemoral cardiac catheterization. Care must be taken to prevent sheath-related injury to the aorta-iliac-femoral system and hemorrhagic complications at the puncture site are of particular concern and require urgent surgical attention.
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ranking = 0.28571428571429
keywords = puncture
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6/11. Adventitial cystic disease of the radial artery.

    Adventitial cystic disease of arteries is a rare disorder of unknown etiology. While it usually involves the popliteal artery, less common sites of involvement include the external iliac, common femoral, radial, and ulnar arteries. Two cases of adventitial cystic disease of the radial artery are reported herein; each occurred following percutaneous puncture of the radial artery to obtain a blood sample for blood gas analysis. The etiology, modes of presentation, and treatment options are reviewed.
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7/11. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) with the Gruntzig balloon catheter: technical problems encountered in the first forty patients.

    Forty patients have undergone percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) of the iliac or femoral-popliteal system with the Gruntzig balloon catheter. Technical problems ahve included experience with difficult antegrade puncture, production of intimal flaps, and loss of collateral vessels, as well as the need to develop an approach for recanalization of obstructions and for use of the balloon. Since problems in these areas may jeopardize the success of the procedure, they have been elucidated with some discussion of prevention. Preliminary results on the success of the procedure are included.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = puncture
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8/11. Non-invasive circulatory evaluation and electro-acupuncture & TES treatment of diseases difficult to treat in Western medicine.

    Even in the presence of normal blood pressure (B.P.) in both arms in some individuals, abnormal B.P. and circulatory disturbances can be found in the brain and lower extremities. The author discovered the following five types of abnormal B.P. in the brain in the presence or absence of normal B.P. in the arms: unilateral cephalic hypertension; bilateral cephalic hypertension; unilateral cephalic hypotension; bilateral cephalic hypotension; mixed cephalic hypertension and hypotension. When the B.P. of the head exceeds about 160 mm Hg, patients experience sensation of increased pressure buildup in the head to moderate headache. When it exceeds over 220 mm Hg, most of them experience severe headache in that side of the head. When the B.P. is very low (less than 30 mm Hg in both sides), majority of the subjects experience sleep disturbance pattern, mainly insomnia and some develop excessive sleepiness; difficulty in concentration and easy forgetfulness of recent events; various degrees of irritability. They are often associated with injury of neck-shoulder area with the presence of spastic muscles in the area. relaxation of the spastic muscles by acupuncture, TES or soft laser beam from He-Ne (7 approximately 15m Watts) often change the abnormal cephalic B.P. toward normal. Among individuals with cephalic hypotension some of them develop eye problems. Blind patients with macular degeneration and retinitis pigmentosa often have severe cephalic hypotension and reduced blood flow. Improvement of B.P. and blood flow induced by safe and effective electrical stimulation resulted in significant improvement in vision. In some patients, abnormal B.P. and blood flow of the brain are dependent on the position of the head and neck which can be classified as "Cephalo-cervical Position Dependent Dysfunction syndrome" which interferes with the function of some of the internal organs. In many psychiatric patients with schizophrenia or severe depression, cephalic B.P. and blood flow are often reduced significantly with additional abnormal function of pancreas, thyroid gland or liver. These abnormalities can explain some of the abnormal behavior, particularly when hypoglycemia, decrease in serotonin level and decreased circulation in the brain coexist.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
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ranking = 0.71428571428571
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9/11. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for lower extremity arterial insufficiency.

    Short term results of treatment with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for lower extremity arterial insufficiency are presented. During a two year period 54 PTA were attempted and 43 were successful. 42 patients were either free of symptoms or had objectively reduced ischemic symptoms and remained so during the follow-up period (mean 10.5 months). Successfully repeated PTA were performed in three patients for the management of occlusions within an arterial segment earlier dilatated. Reasons for unsuccessful PTA were mainly difficulties in passing the stenosis/occlusion with the guide wire or that dilation could not be completed because of extensive calcification in the arterial wall. The only complication requiring treatment was a bleeding from a puncture site in the femoral artery. PTA treatment of lower extremity arterial insufficiency is for many patients a good alternative or complement to reconstructive vascular surgery and a method that should be used to a greater extent in vascular surgery centers.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = puncture
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10/11. aneurysm of the left middle cerebral artery caused by myxoid degeneration of the vessel wall.

    BACKGROUND: Myxoid degeneration of arterial walls may result in dissection and dissecting aneurysms in extracranial and intracranial portions of cerebral arteries. Rarely, saccular aneurysms may also develop on that basis, but thus far these have only been reported in the cervical portions of the carotid arteries. We describe a case of a nondissecting aneurysm of the left middle cerebral artery caused by myxoid degeneration of the media. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 39-year-old man had acute onset of frontal headache and neck stiffness. Computed tomographic scan and lumbar puncture established the presence of subarachnoid hemorrhage. angiography demonstrated a left middle cerebral artery aneurysm. This was clipped and the wall biopsied. Microscopically the entire thickness of the vascular wall showed marked myxoid alterations. No dissection was present. The patient had an uneventful recovery. CONCLUSIONS: This observation confirms that myxoid degeneration of arterial walls may cause aneurysms with eventual rupture even in the absence of dissection. Rare cases of this type of aneurysm have been reported to occur in the cervical portions of the carotid arteries, but this is the first reported observation of such changes involving an intracerebral artery.
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keywords = puncture
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