Cases reported "Vascular Neoplasms"

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1/179. Epstein-Barr virus-associated intravascular lymphomatosis within Kaposi's sarcoma in an AIDS patient.

    Intravascular lymphomatosis (IL) is an unusual neoplasm characterized by multifocal proliferation of lymphoma cells exclusively within the blood vessels. We report here a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and disseminated Kaposi's sarcoma. A 233-bp amplification product of HHV-8 was detected in the dna extracted from specimens of Kaposi's sarcoma at different sites by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). At autopsy, the vessels within the Kaposi's sarcoma were dilated and filled with atypical large mononuclear cells. No such feature was seen in the vessels of non-Kaposi's sarcomatous regions. Immunohistochemically, the spindle cells of Kaposi's sarcoma were positive for CD31 (endothelial cell marker). The intravascular tumor cells were positive for CD45 (leukocyte common antigen) but negative for others, including chloroacetate esterase, CD45-RO (UCHL-1, Pan-T), CD3, CD43, CD20 (L26, Pan-B), CD30 (Ki-1), immunoglobulin heavy chains and light chains, CD56 (natural killer cell antigen), and CD31. Monoclonal rearrangement of immunoglobulin heavy chain gene was detected in the dna extracts from fresh tissue of Kaposi's sarcoma by PCR, which indicated that the lymphoma cells within the Kaposi's sarcoma were of monoclonal B cell origin. in situ hybridization revealed that EBER-1 transcripts were present in the lymphoma cells of IL but not in the spindle cells of Kaposi's sarcoma. To the authors' best knowledge, this is the first instance of IL in an AIDS patient with direct evidence of EBV association.
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ranking = 1
keywords = sarcoma
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2/179. Hemorrhagic epithelioid and spindle cell hemangioma: a newly recognized, unique vascular tumor of bone.

    BACKGROUND: Epithelioid vascular tumors of bone are uncommon and include epithelioid hemangioma, epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, and epithelioid angiosarcoma. It is important to distinguish among them because they have significantly different biologic potential and require different forms of therapy. In the current study the authors describe six cases of a distinct benign epithelioid and spindle cell vascular tumor of bone that, because of their unusual morphology, were confused with aggressive vascular neoplasms. methods: Cases were retrieved from the surgical pathology files of the Department of pathology or from the consultation files of one of the authors. hematoxylin and eosin stained slides were examined. immunohistochemistry was performed on two cases and electron microscopy was performed on one case. RESULTS: The tumors arose in the small bones of the hands and feet and the tibia. Three patients had multifocal bone disease at the time of presentation. Histologically, all lesions were comprised of lobules of spindle cells that grew focally in a fascicular pattern and were associated with abundant hemorrhage. Plump epithelioid cells were intermixed and were present focally in the interlobular areas as well, in which they lined larger, more well developed vascular spaces, often protruding into the vascular lumen in a "tombstone" fashion. Immunohistochemically and ultrastructurally the neoplastic cells had features of endothelium. One case was treated by amputation, one by resection, three by curettage, and one by curettage plus radiation therapy. None of the lesions was locally aggressive nor did any metastasize. CONCLUSIONS: The authors believe that hemorrhagic epithelioid and spindle cell hemangioma of bone is a histologically benign bone tumor. It should be distinguished from malignant epithelioid vascular tumors of bone, which have metastatic potential and need to be treated more aggressively.
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ranking = 0.083333333333333
keywords = sarcoma
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3/179. pulmonary artery sarcoma diagnosed using intravascular ultrasound images.

    Primary and secondary malignant intravascular tumours of the pulmonary artery occur infrequently and the diagnosis is usually delayed as symptoms and findings from conventional examinations are non-specific. The case is presented of a patient with a pulmonary artery sarcoma, probably arising from ribs resected some years previously, in which intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) provided important diagnostic findings.
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ranking = 0.41666666666667
keywords = sarcoma
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4/179. Successful surgical treatment of the brachial plexus paresis in leiomyosarcoma of the subclavian artery.

    Described here is a unique case of surgical treatment of brachial plexus paresis in a 63-year-old female patient. The paretic condition was considerably improved by excision of a tumor in the upper mediastinum, growing from the left subclavian artery, and classified as leiomyosarcoma.
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ranking = 0.41666666666667
keywords = sarcoma
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5/179. Intimal-type primary sarcoma of the aorta. Report of a case with evidence of rhabdomyosarcomatous differentiation.

    We report an intimal sarcoma presenting as an aortic aneurysm. A 68-year-old man suffered from chest pain and speech disturbance. Computed tomography showed a sacciform aneurysm of the aorta, which was resected, revealing a polypoid tumour measuring 1.5x2x2.5 cm projecting into the lumen. This proved to be a poorly differentiated high-grade sarcoma having morphological, immunophenotypic and ultrastructural features consistent with rhabdomyosarcomatous differentiation. Primary sarcomas of the aorta are extremely rare. Many cases have been diagnosed as "intimal" on the basis of their site of origin, and they are not easy to classify from their histological pattern. Electron microscopy and the use of a more comprehensive panel of immunohistochemical markers should be applied in the histological classification of"intimal" sarcoma.
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ranking = 1.0833333333333
keywords = sarcoma
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6/179. Unilateral hydronephrosis and recurrent endometrial stromal sarcoma with review of the literature.

    In this case we present a woman with arterial hypertension. Further examination showed an unilateral hydronephrosis caused by extrinsic compression. A tumoral mass, invading the caval inferior vein and the renal vein, is the very origin of the compression. This mass is a recidive of an endometrial stromal sarcoma for which she had a hysterectomy in 1984.
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ranking = 0.41666666666667
keywords = sarcoma
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7/179. Case report of a patient with an intimal sarcoma of the pulmonary trunk presenting as a pulmonary embolism.

    A fatal case of an 89-year-old woman with an intimal sarcoma obstructing the pulmonary trunk and an open foramen ovale is presented. Clinical symptoms, physical examination and further evaluation originally raised suspicion of a pulmonary embolism. Recent classification systems, specific radiological and pathological characteristics of sarcomas of the pulmonary trunk are discussed.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = sarcoma
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8/179. leiomyosarcoma of the pulmonary veins.

    Primary sarcomas of the great vessels are rare, but the most common site is the inferior vena cava. Herein are reported five new cases arising from the pulmonary veins with clinicopathologic correlation and comparison to previously reported cases. All new cases occurred in women ranging in age from 23 to 64 years at diagnosis (mean, 56 years). They had symptoms suggestive of left heart failure, including three patients with dyspnea, one with hemoptysis, and one with cough. Three cases showed tumor extension along the pulmonary veins into the left atrium. Tumors ranged in size from 2.8 to 7 cm in greatest dimension. Histologically, all were leiomyosarcomas. They were highly cellular tumors. Three cases had predominantly spindle cell morphology and two were predominantly epithelioid; one had foci of calcification. Most showed extensive necrosis. All tumors were reactive with antibodies to actin and desmin. Two cases were reactive with antibodies to MIC-2 (dotlike); two cases showed reactivity to keratin antibodies; and two showed reactivity for estrogen, progesterone receptor protein, or both. None were positive for antibodies to S-100 protein. All cases were treated with surgical excision. Follow-up ranged from 2 months to 21 years (mean, 4.8 years). Two patients were alive and well; two were alive with metastases; and one died of disease. Pulmonary vein sarcomas represent intermediate- to high-grade leiomyosarcoma. Although often lethal, complete surgical excision can lead to long-term survival. They occur predominantly in women and may express hormone receptors. Therefore, hormonal manipulation may offer promise as adjuvant therapy.
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ranking = 0.66666666666667
keywords = sarcoma
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9/179. pulmonary artery leiomyosarcoma.

    pulmonary artery leiomyosarcoma is a rare but highly lethal disease, and can be mistaken for pulmonary thromboembolism. We report a case of pulmonary artery leiomyosarcoma managed with surgical resection, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. A 57-year-old woman was admitted with complaints of aggravated dyspnea. She was initially treated with oxygen therapy and heparinization for a suspected pulmonary embolism. echocardiography revealed a dilated right atrium and ventricle and severe tricuspid regurgitation, with an estimated systolic right ventricular pressure of 95 mm Hg; a shadow of a mass in the main pulmonary artery was also noted. Right ventriculography revealed a filling defect, and to-and-fro motion of the mass in the main pulmonary artery. The left pulmonary artery was almost totally occluded by the mass. The patient's condition improved dramatically after palliative excision of the mass and patch reconstruction of the outflow tract of the right ventricle with a bicuspid xenograft. Pathologic examination of the mass revealed leiomyosarcoma. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy were subsequently administered and follow-up imaging studies 3 months postoperatively revealed no recurrence of the tumor. The patient remains well, more than 1 year after treatment. This report emphasises that pulmonary artery sarcoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis in cases of suspected pulmonary thromboembolism.
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ranking = 0.66666666666667
keywords = sarcoma
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10/179. External jugular vein hemangioma occurring as a lateral neck mass.

    hemangioma is an extremely frequent tumor, accounting for 7% of all benign neoplasms. In contrast, hemangioma arising in blood vessels is rare and should be differentiated from other neoplasms of vascular origin, such as hemangioendothelioma, hemangiopericytoma, hemangiosarcoma, and leiomyosarcoma. The case we report has the peculiarity of occurring as a lateral neck mass in which color-coded duplex sonography contributed significantly to diagnosis.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = sarcoma
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