Cases reported "Vascular Neoplasms"

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11/179. Evolution of pulmonary perfusion defects demonstrated with contrast-enhanced dynamic MR perfusion imaging.

    Pulmonary perfusion defects can be demonstrated with contrast-enhanced dynamic MR perfusion imaging. We present the case of a patient with a pulmonary artery sarcoma who presented with a post-operative pulmonary embolus and was followed in the post-operative period with dynamic contrast-enhanced MR perfusion imaging. This technique allows rapid imaging of the first passage of contrast material through the lung after bolus injection in a peripheral vein. To our knowledge, this case report is the first to describe the use of this MR technique in showing the evolution of peripheral pulmonary perfusion defects associated with pulmonary emboli.
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ranking = 1
keywords = sarcoma
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12/179. Symptomatic intracavitary (noninvasive) cardiac metastasis from low grade endometrial stromal sarcoma of the uterus.

    We report a 49-year-old woman who was operated upon 33 years ago for uterine endometrial stromal sarcoma of low-grade malignancy. The patient showed obstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract. An echocardiogram and MRI showed that a mass emanating from the inferior vena cava filled the right atrium, the right ventricle, and part of the pulmonary artery. The entire intracavitary neoplasm was successfully removed and diagnosed as low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma. To our knowledge, this is the second report of a low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma reaching the heart via the inferior vena cava. In this case an intracavitary metastasis may be a feature indicating the progression of the endometrial stromal sarcoma. Therefore, this neoplasm should be included in the differential diagnosis of cardiac intracavitary neoplasms. patients affected by this tumor may benefit from early identification and resection of the obstructing neoplasm.
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ranking = 8
keywords = sarcoma
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13/179. leiomyosarcoma of the thoracic aorta.

    This case involves a patient with aortic leiomyosarcoma. A patient clinically suspected of type IIIa dissecting aortic aneurysm underwent surgery. The descending thoracic aorta was found to be filled with a soft, yellow tumor and was replaced with a woven Dacron graft. microscopy of the surgical specimen revealed large, atypical spindle cells with numerous mitoses in bundles intersecting at 90 degrees, suggesting leiomyosarcoma. This diagnosis was confirmed immunohistochemical study. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 40; however, the patient developed bronchopneumonia due to malignant pleuritis 3 months postoperatively and died on postoperative day 103.
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ranking = 6
keywords = sarcoma
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14/179. Intravascular ("intimal") epithelioid angiosarcoma: clinicopathological and immunohistochemical analysis of three cases.

    Angiosarcomas are rare malignant mesenchymal tumours, characterized morphologically by anastomosing vascular channels lined by atypical and proliferative active endothelial cells. An epithelioid cytomorphology of tumour cells is often seen focally in angiosarcoma, whereas purely epithelioid angiosarcomas are rare. Although angiosarcomas show a vascular differentiation they are almost never confined to pre-existing blood vessels. We describe three cases of intravascular epithelioid angiosarcoma arising in the carotid artery of a 60-year-old man, in the infrarenal part of the abdominal aorta and both renal arteries of a 69-year-old woman, and in the abdominal aorta of a 68-year-old man. In all cases malignant tumour tissue was found incidentally after disobliteration of thrombosed vessels. Histologically, purely epithelioid angiosarcoma composed of solid sheets of epithelioid tumour cells was seen; immunohistochemistry confirmed the endothelial differentiation of neoplastic cells. The reported cases show that angiosarcoma can occasionally arise within a pre-existing vessel.
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ranking = 11
keywords = sarcoma
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15/179. Stewart-Treves syndrome: lymphangiosarcoma following mastectomy.

    lymphangiosarcoma (LAS) is an aggressive, malignant vascular tumor following long-lasting chronic lymphedema. patients with LAS demonstrate a history of breast cancer treated by radical mastectomy in the majority of patients. In the 1960s the incidence of LAS in patients with a 5-year survival after radical mastectomy varied from 0.07 to 0.45%. Today, due to changes in the operative techniques of breast cancer, less chronic lymphedema is seen with only a scant number of LAS patients. The etiology of this enigmatic tumor is not yet completely understood. Histologically, LAS arises from vascular endotheliocytes, and all vascular sarcomas originating in the setting of a chronic lymphedema are categorized as LAS. There is no standard treatment of LAS. The treatment options include radical ablative surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. The prognosis of LAS is poor; long-term survival is the exception. Only early recognition and radical surgery offer a chance of cure.
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ranking = 6
keywords = sarcoma
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16/179. Postirradiation aortic sarcoma demonstrated by magnetic resonance angiography.

    This is the first ever reported case of a radiation-induced aortic sarcoma. This patient had symptoms and signs initially interpreted as a pulmonary embolus. The extent of the disease was demonstrated with magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance angiography, in particular, allowing rapid surgical intervention.
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ranking = 5
keywords = sarcoma
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17/179. Benign lymphangioendothelioma of the thigh simulating a low-grade angiosarcoma.

    Benign lymphangioendothelioma (BL) is a rare vascular neoplasm that can histopathologically mimic a low-grade angiosarcoma or the patch stage of Kaposi sarcoma. We report on the case of a 49-year-old man with a benign lymphangioendothelioma on the right thigh that evolved on a vascular birthmark after a trauma. Because of constant pain and the slow but progressive growth of the lesion, we decided to excise the tumor. Three stages of surgery were needed to obtain negative margins. We review the reports of BL to date, with special attention to those that developed after trauma and those that had a preexistent vascular lesion, and expound on the histopathologic differential diagnosis with low-grade angiosarcoma.
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ranking = 7
keywords = sarcoma
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18/179. A rare case of fibrosarcoma of the inferior vena cava expanding into the right atrium.

    The authors report in detail a case of fibrosarcoma of the inferior vena cava. A 53-year-old female presented with echographic and computed tomographic evidence of a solid formation in the porta hepatis that fused with the inferior vena cava. Because of appearance and rapid development of symptoms of right cardiac failure, the patient was transferred to the Clinic of Cardiac Surgery and underwent an emergency operation. A solid formation arising from the inferior vena cava and expanding into the right atrium was found during the operation. The operation performed was not a radical one. fibrosarcoma of the inferior vena cava was proved on histological examination. A single therapeutic course with vincristine and farmorubicin was administered. The patient died from recurrence of the malignancy 26 months after the operation. The epidemiologic, diagnostic, and therapeutic aspects of the case are discussed in relation with the literature data.
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ranking = 6
keywords = sarcoma
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19/179. Unusual abdominal tumors with intracardiac extension. Two cases with successful surgical resection.

    Abdominal tumors that can grow through vascular lumen and spread to the right heart are rare. Although these tumors have different histologic aspects, they may cause similar abdominal and cardiac symptoms and are a serious risk factor for pulmonary embolism and sudden death when they reach the right atrium and tricuspid valve. The best treatment is radical surgical resection of the entire tumor using cardiopulmonary bypass with or without deep hypothermia and total circulatory arrest. We report the cases of two patients, the first with leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava and the other with intravenous leiomyomatosis of the uterus that showed intravascular growth up to right atrium and ventricle, who underwent successful radical resection in a one-stage procedure with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. We discuss the clinical and histologic aspects and imaging diagnosis and review the literature.
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ranking = 1
keywords = sarcoma
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20/179. Myelosarcoma of the cavernous sinus in a nonleukemic patient--case report.

    Myelosarcomas are rare, solid extramedullary tumors composed of granulocyte precursors in most cases associated with leukemia. A 38-year-old nonleukemic female presented with a myelosarcoma of the cavernous sinus. After surgical removal of the cavernous sinus tumor she was treated by chemotherapy and whole brain radiation therapy. Despite this aggressive therapy, she died 4 months after surgical intervention.
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ranking = 6
keywords = sarcoma
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